In the 21st century, telephones and other communications devices are beingused in new and innovative ways. This represents a major historical shift for the telecommunications industry. The
grown dramatically over the past two decades. Worldwide connectivity andinter operability has revolutionized trade across cultural and geographic borders. Fax and data services have enhanced the versatility of telephonedevices and networks. The Internet has experienced dramatic growth withmillions of users worldwide. In the last five years, several factors havedriven the telecommunication industry to look at a new way to provideservices to any device, anytime, anywhere. The traditional public switched telephone networks (PSTN) although werereliable and robust were built on hardware based circuit switching modelthat leave the changeability and extensibility for service addition. Thecoupling between the hardware and software was very tight making use of COTS and services extremely difficult to add. A migration to the Internetand IP (Internet Protocol) networks using the flexible packet switchingtechnology, in comparison to traditional telephone networks using circuit-switching technology is a solution but that would have meant the existinginvestments in PSTN networks would have been totally wasted. Hence theneed of the hour was to look for a hybrid PSTN/IP environment, which wasfound in the form of soft switches. The emergence of softswitches signifiedadvancements in telecommunication switching architecture by having better technology and better software architecture. This is limited to theadvancement in software architecture due to the introduction of softswitch.