IT Applications and Agriculture Bioinformatics IPTMA 512OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER HARDWARE
When we are moving to a newer operating system(OS). Roughly the memoryrequirement and the hard disk space requirement doubles as we move to a newversion of Windows, for an optimal experience. Intel recommends a P4 for WindowsXP.
When we go for a new set of applications like working with videos, pictures etc.,
Precautions in selection of motherboard and processor
Take a motherboard that has support for DDR SDRAM, as the prices of DDR are verycompetitive.
If we want a basic machine for functions like MS Office, 2D games, etc, look for amotherboard that supports onboard graphics, and which has an AGP slot that will helpif we need to add an AGP card at a later date. Also, look for the VIA KM-266/400Chipset or the nVidia chipset.
Mix and match are not possible with processor brands. Dont put an AMD processors on anIntel processor’s motherboard, or vice versa. They are two different entities and need theirown motherboards.
Don’t go for motherboard for a P 3 which take on a P4. We won’t get the P4 performance,since the motherboard doesn’t support it. We’ll also get into software compatibility issues.
When we get a new processor, a new motherboard, we need to check if the existing powersupply is enough. We’ll probably have to go for a new SMPS too.
2. GRAPHICS CARD
A graphics or display card brings to the monitor what’s happening inside the PC. The videocard can handle all the visual tasks of the PC without processor’s intervention. It now has itsown processor chip and RAM and capable of complex calculations to give faster and betterdisplays on monitor.
i. Need of upgrade
When we move to more graphics-intensive games, graphicsapplications like image editors, design software, Web design programs, desktop publishingsoftware, multimedia content creation software, etc, graphics card should be able to live upto it. But before we get new software that’ll need a graphics card upgrade, check whetherthe motherboard can take a graphics card upgrade. If not, go for a motherboard, andpossibly even a processor.
ii. Budget of upgrade
If we just want to work on Word, Excel, PowerPoint, surf the Net, etc,we don’t even need a graphics card—a motherboard with built-in graphics is sufficient. Thereare some inexpensive low-end cards also available that let us step up our graphics a bit. There would be some that fit onto the PCI slot on motherboard. There are also some low-endcards that fit onto AGP slots. For example, the SiS series—SiS 6215, 6326, etc, which comesfor under Rs 1,500. Check the VRAM, or the video RAM—the graphics card’s own RAM. Whilethe low-end cards will offer 4 or 8 MB, the high-end ones can go up to 64 MB.For serious gaming, we cant invest in a decent graphics card in the price range of Rs 5,000-10,000. This includes the Riva TNT and GeForce2 ranges. While these cards are good enoughfor most 3D games. The latest games have graphics renderings beyond the capabilities of these cards. But they are good enough to give high resolutions, color depths and refreshrates. Make sure to have an AGP slot on the motherboard.
3. SOUND CARD
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