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Mindfulness of Breathing in the Samyukta-Agama

Mindfulness of Breathing in the Samyukta-Agama

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Published by Guhyaprajñāmitra2
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Published by: Guhyaprajñāmitra2 on Mar 06, 2013
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06/05/2013

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Buddh Sude
Re
24(2) 27,17-50 doi: 10.1558/bsv.v24i1.37ISSN (prnt) 0262897ISSN (oline): 174791
Mindlness of Breathing in the SJyuk-m
Anlayo
Deame of Indolo d Tbetoo,Phpps uiversty, Marrg,Grmy 
ABSTRACT: The present artile suppies an annotated tnslation of the sixteenfoldinsttions on mindfulness of breathing in the Chinese
5u-m
 These instrutions show how mindness of breathing fulils the four 
tipalas
nd leadsto the development of the seven js thereby leading toknowledge and libeation The translation is folowed by a comparison with its Pli ounterpat, the
dsut
in the
5uk
IODUCTIONOne of the most prominent aspects of early Buddhism is its strong emphasis onmentalcltre, The importance of mentalclture is a recrrent theme throughoutthe discorses coected in the Pli ks and the Chinese As oenaccompanied by practical instructions on how to tacle this tas Out of the varios methods for mental lture treated in the early discourses mindlness of  breathing may well be the most widely practised method at present. comprehensive undertaing of this method is described in the A-found in the  of the S and in its conterpart in theSk (T 
99.2
This S] k was translated by Baoyun
(J�)
 between
435
and
436
CE based on a manscript read out by GJabhadra3 whichmay be identical with the Sk manuscript broght by Faxian

om Ceylon! s a basis for comparing the li and Chinese versions with eachother in what follows the k discorse wil be translated
1. I am indebted to
Ro
Buknel, Wilim Chu lorin Delenu Peter Hrvey and Ken Su for omments n an earlier vesion of this artile.2 SN 54:13
SN
V
328333 and S 810 at  I 20a-. To failtte ompaison wit the Pli version and its trnslation in Bodhi (2 1785) I employ Pli ternolo without therebyintending to tke a sition on the nguge of the oiginl
Sri
mnusript Infat, aording to de ong (1981 108) the ginl sed for translating the
gm
 would ave been in Snskrit3_ T 2085 at T
U
 8654. On the hypoei that the tanslation of the
 m
T 99) ws based on a manusipt brought by aan see Anlayo 2007) and Glss (26 215).
 Eiox Pblg 
2
Unit 6,
T Vllage 101Am Ste,Lndon SW 2jW
 
18UDHST SDES REEW
 TRNSLTION
[Dioure t
Ananda Thus hve I her. t oe time the Buh ws livig mog the Vjis i cer forest o the b of the Vggumu river6t tht time the veeble k, [who ws] reectig  meittig [while beig] loe  i seclusio, h the followig thought 'Is there oe daatht, [whe] repetely  much prctse, brigs to llmet four daas;[ whe these] four daas re llle, [they] ll seve daas; [ whe these] seve daas re llle, [they] lil two daas? The the veerble k, hig rise om meittio [i seclusio],pproche the Buh, pi homge by touchig [the Buhs] feet with hishe st ow t oe sie  [respectlly] si to the Buh: 'Blesse Oe,reectig  meittig [while] beig loe i seclusio, I h the followigthought Is there oe daa tht, [whe it hs bee much prctise, brigs four  daas to llmet  (up to)7  l wo daas? I ow s the Blesse Oe,cou there be oe daa tht, [whe it hs bee much prctise, c brig[four daas to llmet]  (up to  lil two daas The Buh tol  There is oe daa tt, whe] it hs bee muchprctise  (up to
.
 
c
 brig wo daas to llmet Wht is tht oe daa? t is miless of brethg  bretig out[he miess of brethig i  brethig out] hs bee much prc-tise, it c brig to llmet the four estblishigs of miless [Whe]the four estblishigs of miless re lle, they l the seve fctors of weig[Whe] the seve fctors of weig re lle, they l owlege  libertio How oes the evelopmet of iless obthig i  brethig out l
f
the fou estbisigs of iless ere  mo ives i epeece osomevillge  (up to8  he is to be mil of cesstio whe brethig out
5.
The TsO ditn de nt gve a title.
I
fw Akanuma (1929,
n)
ad
Anes (908 08) wh est
e te
6
S 80 at T 08ao: �# wt T 0 at T
L
047b6 expanng that  tnd fr a

 f car tre
�Bf3
SN 543 at SN
V
38 sets n ny nce nanda appraches theBdha wh  stg at Sath7 Here

eshe
'_
p t)

nde
¥ a
atn fnd n the gnal smate
p
n P dscrse T ncate aat fnd n the na that are nt marked
c
 
jt

8 N 543 at SN
39 Indce the prctce f mndne f reahng y dcrng hw amnk ge t a frt t the ft f a
te
  
emp ht
(d.
a MN 8 te
Aai-
sta
at MN  8, The ame wd
mt n te pent abreated paage
teepaces re mentnd n a dcrptn f te pactce f mnes f rehng n  803atT0a. Th decptn n S 803
b
 y depctng hw a mk ven deendence nsme ge r twn where he ge t eg 
his
fd n the mng,
,
ater paakng f hmeaea t ne f tese tabe paces fr pctng dn f ang Accrd-
( unox Pblg  207
 
ANLAYO
MINDFLNESS OF BRETHING IN THE 
SA¥YUKTA-GAMA13
Ananda, in this way a noble disciple when breathing in mindfully trains to breath in mindfully when breathing out mindlly [he] trains to breath out mind-lly9 Iflong if short  experiencing the whole bodily formation 
.
.J0
[In this way] when breathing in mindlly [he] trains to breath in mindlly when breathing out mindlly he trains to breath out mindfully.
I
When calming  bodily formations [while breathing in mindfully [he] trains to calm bodily for-mations [while] breathing in mindlly; when calming bodily formations [while] breathing out mindlly [he] trains to calm bodily forations [while] breathing out mindfullyt that time [in regard to] the body a noble disciple contemplates the body  with mindlness established on a certain kind ofbody12 That is indeed how to give attention in accordance with the bodyThen there is a time [when] a noble disciple knows and experiences joy  knows an experiences happiness knows and experiences mental formations knows and experiences the calming of mental formations [In this way when[calming mental formations while] breathing in mindlly he trains to cal men-tal formations [while] breathing in mindlly; when calming mental formations[while breathing out mindlly he trains to cal mental formations [while breathing out mindllyThis is [how] at that time [in regard to] feelings a noble disciple contemplatesfeelings with mindlness established on what then is also a certain kind of feel-ing13 That is indeed how to gie attention in accordance with feelings14Then there is a time [when] a noble disciple knows and experiences themind  [ows and experiences] gladdening the mind  [knows and experiences]
ing to another 
Slkgm
discourse A 801 at TI 206a5, such a secuded ocation is in factone out of ve conditions that greaty benet the practice of indness of breathing
9.
N 4:13 (suppeented oSN 
V
311) does not ention any training at this point see discussion beow and the suey of the sixteenod schee ven in the appendixso N 413 consistenty has a onk as it subject whereaSA 810 bens by entioning a onk then changes hereto a nobe discipe and when treating the awakening factors revets again to a onk10. N 4:13 suppeented o N 
V
311 ony speaks at this int of'experiencing the whoebody
abmved,
and tus to bodiy forations ony in the subsequent fouhphase of the sixteenfod schee which requires caing the bodiy foations
smbhQa-;
see discussion beow11 This sentence sees redundant as it repeats the intruction ven at the outet12 SA 810 at T II 208a U-J� where y transation is based on theasution that � renders an expression siiar to the Pi  N 413 at N 
V
329 adds here and in reation to the other three
 tip
that practice is undertakendiigenty ceary knowin and indy ee o covetouness and discontent in regard tothe word
r! amno tvinya
lok
abhjhmna.
13 A 810 atT II 20b4 ; m� where in spite of a sighty different foruation the sene shoud be siiar to the earier instance of body contepation cfave note 12 N 413 at N 
V
330 differ in that it expains oe attention to breathing inand breathing out to be a certain kind of feeing see discuion beow14 doptg the
7
and
f
varant reading l instead of  in accordance with the fouation found in the case of contepation of the ind ad of s
( Einx Pishig ud
27

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