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Published by BitcoDavid
DOJ Report on Teenage Prison Suicide
DOJ Report on Teenage Prison Suicide

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: BitcoDavid on Mar 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/12/2013

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 J
UVENILE
S
UICIDE
 
IN
C
ONFINEMENT
:A N
ATIONAL
S
URVEY
by
Lindsay M. Hayes
Project DirectorNational Center on Institutions and Alternatives
February 2004
 
i
I
t is my pleasure to present to you the report
 Juvenile Suicide in Confinement: A NationalSurvey
. This study, commissioned by the Office of Juvenile Justice and DelinquencyPrevention in 1999, is the first comprehensive effort to determine the scope and distributionof suicides by youth confined in our public and private juvenile facilities throughout thecountry. In many ways, this report closely supports two prior initiatives funded by this office,both
Conditions of Confinement: Juvenile Detention and Corrections Facilities
and the
Performance-Based Standards Project
. This report should be viewed as a working companionto those landmark OJJDP initiatives. The results of this research present many challenges to both direct care and health carepersonnel who work with confined youth on a daily basis, as well as for administrators whohave the responsibility for providing safety and security to this very vulnerable population.Suicide prevention is a primary goal for all of us who work in and manage juvenile facilities.At a minimum, however, we must ensure that each death within our facilities is accountedfor, comprehensively reviewed, and provisions made for appropriate corrective action. It ismy hope that the data and insights offered in this comprehensive first national survey willprovide motivation for continued efforts at reducing the opportunity for suicide within ourpublic and private juvenile facilities throughout the country.
 J. Robert FloresAdministratorOffice of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Forward
 
ii
C
ollaboration amongst staff is perhaps the single most important ingredient to anysuccessful suicide prevention program. The task of completing the first national surveyof juvenile suicide in confinement could not have been accomplished without the collaborativeefforts of a project team comprising prominent juvenile justice practitioners and researchers.I was fortunate to assemble such a team and it included G. David Curry, Ph.D. (Departmentof Criminology, University of Missouri-St. Louis), Robert E. DeComo, Ph.D. (Director of Research, National Council on Crime and Delinquency), Barbara C. Dooley, Ph.D. (formerDirector, Madison County (TN) Juvenile Court Services), Cedrick Heraux, Ph.D. candidate,School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University), and David W. Roush, Ph.D. (Director,Center for Research and Professional Development, Michigan State University). The projectteam was instrumental to the design of the data collection instruments, data analysis, andreview of the draft report. And as she has done on so many prior occasions, Alice Boring of our agency brought the report together to its final form.In addition, two consulting agencies, the Council of Juvenile CorrectionalAdministrators (CJCA) and the National Juvenile Detention Association (NJDA) providedinvaluable assistance to myself and the team in both endorsing the project and encouraging juvenile facility directors to participate in the survey process, as well as reviewing the draftreport. Special thanks is extended to CJCA’s Edward J. Loughran, Kim Godfrey, and RobertDugan, as well as NJDA’s Earl L. Dunlap and Michael A. Jones.I would also like to thank several officials and staff at the Office of Juvenile Justiceand Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) for their support during this long and arduous project,particularly former administrator Shay Bilchik for his encouragement and support of mypursuing this project, and to current administrator J. Robert Flores for his continued patienceduring the project. Special thanks is also extended to the two OJJDP program managers onour project, Karen Stern and Phelan Wyrick.On a final note, it should be said that this project was both frustrating and rewardingon several fronts. It was not only disconcerting to review the circumstances surrounding thesuicides of so many young people in confinement (many of which were preventable), but,quite frankly, frustrating to encounter some resistance to our data collection efforts. Wefound more than a handful of facility directors who chose not to participate in the surveyprocess, citing time and/or manpower constraints, litigation and advice from legal counsel,sensitivity of the subject matter, or perceived confidentiality issues. Fueling this frustrationwas the fact that more than a third of all suicides we identified were unknown in any stateagency, thus limiting our ability to gather collaborative data. As stated in the report, the factthat
any
suicide occurring within a juvenile facility throughout the United States could
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