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Expt 2(B) - Hardness Test

Expt 2(B) - Hardness Test

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Report of an experiment to determine the Rockwell hardness numbers of metals.
Report of an experiment to determine the Rockwell hardness numbers of metals.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: jyoti swaroop repaka on Mar 01, 2009
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05/10/2014

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HARDNESS TEST
EXPERIMENT NO.2(B)
ME 218: SOLID MECHANICS LABORATORBATCH: A807010042-07010046
 
 
2
HARDNESS TEST
EXPERIMENT NO.2(B)
 AIM
 The aim of this experiment is to determine the Rockwell hardness numbers of metals.
EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS
 THE FOLLOWING HAVE BEEN USED:
1.
 
Rockwell hardness testing machine.
2.
 
Indenters.
3.
 
Specimen.
 THOERY 
Hardness, though difficult to define exactly may be defined as resistance to permanentdeformation. It can be determined either statistically or dynamically.Static hardness test can be further classified as follows:-1.
 
 Those expression the hardness number in terms of the load per unit area of indentations. e.g. Brinell and Vickers test.2.
 
 The Rockwell hardness test in which the Rockwell number depends upon the depth of penetration of the indenting tool.Significant information can be obtained from the hardness number of a specimen. Uniformhardness numbers are nearly always a sufficient guarantee of the uniform quality of the finishedproducts. In this test the depth of the penetration of the given indenture under a specified load ismeasured. The type of indenter and load used depend upon the material to be tested. Scale B is usedfor the materials having hardness number upto that of MS and CI. The indenture is then a hardened
steel ball of 1/ 16” dia. An initial load
of 10 kg is applied on the ball. An additional load of 90 kg inthen applied (major load). Scale C is used for alloy steels. The indenture is a diamond cone of 120deg. included angle. Here 150 kg is used as the major load.
 
 
3
PROCEDURE
 The following procedure has been followed:
 
Keep the specimen on the machine table.
 
 Turn the table upward so that distance between the indenture and specimen will be lessthan 8mm.
 
Select the HRC scale with the help of touch screen display buttons.
 
Press the start button, it will automatically go down in the specimen to make theimpression and will display the HRC value.
 
HRB is used for Copper alloys, soft steels, aluminium alloys, malleable irons, etc.
 
HRC is used for Steel, hard cast irons, case hardened steel and other materials harderthan 100 HRB
 
Brinnel Hardness Number (BHN) also can find from this after changing the scale.
 
 Take at least 3 reading and take an average to get the final hardness value.
OBSERVATIONS
Copper and Brass has got negative hardness values.
Material Hardness Test used Values of hardness Theoretical Values
1
2
3
avg 
  Aluminium HRB 62.58 53.91 57.07 57.85 56Mild Steel HRB 91.60 87.76 90.56 89.97 71High Carbon Steel HRB 126.19 126.69 129.24 128.37 155Brass HRC -14.41 -11.13 -4.25 -9.93 2Copper HRC -55.67 -31.48 95.78 2.87 -20

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