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Computer Basics

Computer Basics

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Published by abbas shahid
abbas shahid
abbas shahid

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Published by: abbas shahid on Mar 01, 2009
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Student EditionComplete
 
Your Organization’s Name Here 
 
2
 
 © 2007 CustomGuide, Inc.
 
 © 2008 by CustomGuide, Inc. 1502 Nicollet Avenue South; Minneapolis, MN 55403, USA.This material is copyrighted and all rights are reserved by CustomGuide, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced,transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or byany means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual, or otherwise, without the prior written permission ofCustomGuide, Inc.We make a sincere effort to ensure the accuracy of the material described herein; however, CustomGuide makes no warranty,expressed or implied, with respect to the quality, correctness, reliability, accuracy, or freedom from error of this document or theproducts it describes. Data used in examples and sample data files are intended to be fictional. Any resemblance to realpersons or companies is entirely coincidental.The names of software products referred to in this manual are claimed as trademarks of their respective companies.CustomGuide is a registered trademark of CustomGuide, Inc.TrademarksCustomGuide and Learn on Demand are registered trademarks of CustomGuide, Inc.Adobe, Adobe Acrobat, Adobe Dreamweaver, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Flash, Adobe Photoshop Elements, and AdobePhotoshop and Adobe Premiere are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Inc.Apple, Appleworks, iMovie, iPhoto, iTunes, iWork, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are trademarks of Apple Computer,Inc.ECDL, European Computer Driving License, ICDL and International Computer Driving License are registered trademarks ofECDL Foundation.Domino Server and Lotus Notes are registered trademarks of IBM Inc.Intuit and QuickBooks are registered trademarks of Intuit.Google is a trademark of Google Inc.Internet and Computing Core Certification and IC3 are registered trademarks of CertiPort Inc.Microsoft, Microsoft Access, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Entourage, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft FrontPage, Microsoft InfoPath,Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Office,Microsoft OneNote, Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Publisher, Microsoft Project, Microsoft SharePoint,Microsoft Visio, Microsoft Windows, and Microsoft Word are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.FireFox and Mozilla are registered trademarks of Mozilla Inc.
 
 
Table of Contents
Introduction.......................................................................................................................... 7
 
Chapter One: The Essentials............................................................................................11
 
Lesson 1-1: Hardware, Software, and Information Technology (IT)...................................12
 
Lesson 1-2: Computer Overview.........................................................................................14
 
Lesson 1-3: The Front of a Computer and Peripheral Devices............................................16
 
Lesson 1-4: The Inside of a Computer.................................................................................18
 
Lesson 1-5: The Back of a Computer (Ports)......................................................................20
 
Lesson 1-6: System Bus and Expansion Cards....................................................................22
 
Lesson 1-7: Memory Cache.................................................................................................24
 
Lesson 1-8: Computer Performance....................................................................................26
 
Lesson 1-9: Buying a Desktop Computer............................................................................28
 
Lesson 1-10: Buying a Notebook Computer.......................................................................30
 
Lesson 1-11: Upgrading a Computer...................................................................................32
 
Chapter One Review............................................................................................................34
 
Chapter Two: Understanding Hardware........................................................................37
 
Lesson 2-1: Central Processing Unit (CPU)........................................................................38
 
Lesson 2-2: Memory............................................................................................................40
 
Lesson 2-3: RAM and ROM................................................................................................42
 
Lesson 2-4: Mouse...............................................................................................................44
 
Lesson 2-5: Keyboard..........................................................................................................46
 
Lesson 2-6: Digital Cameras and Web Cams.......................................................................48
 
Lesson 2-7: Other Input Devices.........................................................................................50
 
Lesson 2-8: Monitor............................................................................................................52
 
Lesson 2-9: Graphics Card..................................................................................................54
 
Lesson 2-10: Printer Basics.................................................................................................56
 
Lesson 2-11: Types of Printers.............................................................................................58
 
Lesson 2-12: Sound and Speakers.......................................................................................60
 
Lesson 2-13: Modem...........................................................................................................62
 
Lesson 2-14: Input/Output Devices.....................................................................................63
 
Lesson 2-15: Hard Drive.....................................................................................................64
 
Lesson 2-16: Hard Drive Maintenance................................................................................66
 
Lesson 2-17: CD-ROM Drive.............................................................................................68
 
Lesson 2-18: DVD Drive.....................................................................................................70
 
Lesson 2-19: Floppy Drive..................................................................................................72
 
Lesson 2-20: Zip and Jaz Drives.........................................................................................73
 
Lesson 2-21: Other Storage Devices....................................................................................74
 
Lesson 2-22: Formatting a Disk..........................................................................................75
 
Chapter Two Review...........................................................................................................76
 
Chapter Three: Understanding Software......................................................................81
 

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