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Usool Al Hadith

Usool Al Hadith

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Transliteration System
ﺍ
 
a
ﺽ
 
d
Short Vowels
ﺏ
 
 b
ﻁ
 
t
َ
 
a
ﺕ
 
t
ﻅ
 
z
ِ
 
i
ﺙ
 
th
ﻉ
 
 
ُ
 
u
ﺝ
 
 j
ﻍ
 
gh
ﺡ
 
h
ﻑ
 
Long Vowels
ﺥ
 
kh
ﻕ
 
q
ﺁ
or 
ﺍ
 
ﺀ
 
aa
ﺩ
 
d
ﻙ
 
ﻱِ
 
ee
ﺫ
 
th
ﻝ
 
l
ﻭُ
 
oo
ﺭ
 
ﻡ
 
m
ﺯ
 
z
ﻥ
 
n
ﺱ
 
s
ﻩ
 
h
ﺵ
 
Sh
ﻭ
 
w
ﺹ
 
s
ﻱ
 
y
 
 
OONNEE::
 
Definitions
 
The Arabic word
hadeeth
 basically means
an item of news, conversation, a tale, astory or a report,
whether historical or legendary, true or false, relating to the present or the past. Its secondary meaning as an adjective is
new
as opposed to
qadeem
,
old
. However, like other Arabic words (e.g.
salaah, zakaah
), itsmeaning changed in Islaam. From the time of the Prophet (
r
), his stories andcommunications dominated all other forms of communication. Consequently, theterm
hadeeth
 began to be used almost exclusively for reports that spoke of hisactions and sayings
.
1
 
Usage of the Word
hadeeth
The term
hadeeth
has been used in both the Qur 
aan
2
and the prophetic traditionsaccording to all of its linguistic meanings. The following three categories are themost notable usages. It has been used to mean:a)
 
The Qur 
aan itself 
(
ﹶﻓِﺚﻳِﺪﺤﹾﻟﺍ
 
ﺍﹶﺬﻬِﺑ
 
ﺏﱢﺬﹶﻜﻳ 
 
ﻦﻣﻭ
 
ﻲِﻧﺭﹶﺬ 
 
)
Then leave Me alone with those who reject thiscommunication
3
.
(
Soorah al-Qalam
, 68: 44)
))
ِﷲﺍ
 
ﺏﺎﺘِﻛ
 
ِﺚﻳِﺪﺤﹾﻟﺍ
 
ﻦﺴﺣﹶﺃ
 
ﻥِﺇ
(( 
Indeed, the best form of communication is the Book of Allaah…
4
 
1
 
Hadith Literature,
 p. 1 and
Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature,
 pp. 1-3.
2
The term
hadeeth
is mentioned 23 times in the Qur 
aan.
3
The Qur'aan.
4
The full text of the
hadeeth
is as follows:
ِﺇ
 
ِﺪﻬﺸﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺪﻌﺑ
 
ِﻪِﺘﺒﹾﻄﺧ
 
ﻲِﻓ
 
ﹸﻝﻮﹸﻘ ﻳ
 
ﹶﻥﺎﹶﻛ
 
ﻢﱠﻠﺳﻭ
 
ِﻪﻴﹶﻠﻋ
 
ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﱠﻠﺻ
 
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﹶﻝﻮﺳﺭ
 
ﻥﹶﺃ
 
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ِﺪﺒﻋ
 
ِﻦﺑ
 
ِﺮِﺑﺎﺟ
 
ﻦﻋﻦﺴﺣﹶﺃ
 
ﻥ
 
ٍﺪﻤﺤﻣ
 
ﻱﺪﻫ
 
ِﻱﺪﻬﹾﻟﺍ
 
ﻦﺴﺣﹶﺃﻭ
 
ﻞﺟﻭ
 
ﺰﻋ
 
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﺏﺎﺘِﻛ
 
ِﺚﻳِﺪﺤﹾﻟﺍ
Sahih Muslim,
and
Musnad Ahmad,
no. 13,909 CD and the wording is that of Ahmad.
 
  b) A historical story
(
ﻭﹸﺚﻳِﺪﺣ
 
ﻙﺎﺗﹶﺃ
 
ﹾﻞﻫﻣﻰﺳﻮ 
 
)
Has the story of Moses reached you?
 
(
Soorah Taahaa 
, 20: 9)
))
ﺣﻦﻋ
 
ﺍﻮﹸﺛﺪ ﺝﺮﺣ
 
ﹶﻻﻭ
 
ﹶﻞﻴِﺋﺍﺮﺳِﺇ
 
ﻲِﻨﺑ
(( 
You may speak about the Children of Israel without …
5
 c) A general conversation
(
ﻭِﺟﺍﻭﺯﹶﺃ
 
ِﺾﻌﺑ
 
ﻰﹶﻟِﺇ
 
ﻲِﺒﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺮﺳﹶﺃ
 
ﺍﹶﺫِﺇِﻪ ﺜﻳِﺪﺣ
 
ﹰﺎ 
 
)
When the Prophet confided in one of his wives…
 
(
Soorah at-Tahreem
, (66): 3)
))
ﻣِﻪِﻧﹸﺫﹸﺃ
 
ﻲِﻓ
 
ﺐﺻ
 
،ﻪﻨِﻣ
 
ﹶﻥﻭﺮِﻔ ﻳ
 
ﻭﹶﺃ
 
ﹶﻥﻮﻫِﺭﺎﹶﻛ
 
ﻪﹶﻟ
 
ﻢﻫﻭ
 
ٍﻡﻮﹶﻗ
 
ِﺚﻳِﺪﺣ
 
ﻰﹶﻟِﺇ
 
ﻊﻤﺘﺳﺍ
 
ِﻦ 
 
ﻚﻧَﻷﹾﺍ
(( 
Molten copper will be poured in the ear of whoever eavesdrops on the conversation of people who dislike him doing so or flee from him.
6
 Among the
hadeeth
scholars the term
hadeeth
means
whatever is transmitted
5
The full text of the
hadeeth
is as follows:
ﻥﹶﺃ
 
ﻭٍﺮﻤﻋ
 
ِﻦﺑ
 
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ِﺪﺒﻋ
 
ﻦﻋﺝﺮﺣ
 
ﺎﹶﻟﻭ
 
ﹶﻞﻴِﺋﺍﺮﺳِﺇ
 
ﻲِﻨﺑ
 
ﻦﻋ
 
ﺍﻮﹸﺛﺪﺣﻭ
 
ﹰﺔ ﻳﺁ
 
ﻮﹶﻟﻭ
 
ﻲﻨﻋ
 
ﺍﻮﻐﱢﻠﺑ
 
ﹶﻝﺎﹶﻗ
 
ﻢﱠﻠﺳﻭ
 
ِﻪﻴﹶﻠﻋ
 
ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﱠﻠﺻ
 
ﻲِﺒﻨﻟﺍ
 
ِﺭﺎﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻦِﻣ
 
ﻩﺪﻌﹾﻘﻣ
 
ﹾﺃﻮﺒﺘﻴﹾﻠﹶﻓ
 
ﺍﺪﻤﻌﺘﻣ
 
ﻲﹶﻠﻋ
 
ﺏﹶﺬﹶﻛ
 
ﻦﻣﻭ
 
Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree.
 
6
The full text of the
hadeeth
is as follows:
ﻦﹶﻟﻭ
 
ِﻦﻴﺗﲑِﻌﺷ
 
ﻦﻴﺑ
 
ﺪِﻘﻌ ﻳ
 
ﹾﻥﹶﺃ
 
ﻒﱢﻠﹸﻛ
 
ﻩﺮ ﻳ
 
ﻢﹶﻟ
 
ٍﻢﹾﻠﺤِﺑ
 
ﻢﱠﻠﺤﺗ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﹶﻝﺎﹶﻗ
 
ﻢﱠﻠﺳﻭ
 
ِﻪﻴﹶﻠﻋ
 
ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﱠﻠﺻ
 
ﻲِﺒﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻦﻋ
 
ٍﺱﺎﺒﻋ
 
ِﻦﺑﺍ
 
ﻦﻋﻭﹶﺃ
 
ﹶﻥﻮﻫِﺭﺎﹶﻛ
 
ﻪﹶﻟ
 
ﻢﻫﻭ
 
ٍﻡﻮﹶﻗ
 
ِﺚﻳِﺪﺣ
 
ﻰﹶﻟِﺇ
 
ﻊﻤﺘﺳﺍ
 
ﻦﻣﻭ
 
ﹶﻞﻌﹾﻔ ﻳﺭﻮﺻ
 
ﻦﻣﻭ
 
ِﺔﻣﺎﻴِﻘﹾﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻮ ﻳ
 
ﻚﻧﺂﹾﻟﺍ
 
ِﻪِﻧﹸﺫﹸﺃ
 
ﻲِﻓ
 
ﺐﺻ
 
ﻪﻨِﻣ
 
ﹶﻥﻭﺮِﻔ ﻳ
 
ٍﺦِﻓﺎﻨِﺑ
 
ﺲﻴﹶﻟﻭ
 
ﺎﻬﻴِﻓ
 
ﺦﹸﻔﻨ ﻳ
 
ﹾﻥﹶﺃ
 
ﻒﱢﻠﹸﻛﻭ
 
ﺏﱢﺬﻋ
 
ﹰﺓﺭﻮﺻ
Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree.
 

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