Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Geological Time From the Perspective of the MetaGalactic Cycles (Vail-Payton 362 My)_cluj_2002

The Geological Time From the Perspective of the MetaGalactic Cycles (Vail-Payton 362 My)_cluj_2002

Ratings: (0)|Views: 70|Likes:
Published by paulct20047212
The attempt to structured the geological time in report to the periods of the greatest cycles which can be distinguished (the metagalactic cycles with the period of about 362 m.y.), based on a pulsatory geodynamic model, shows the existence of 11 distinctive metagalactic cycles (the last one incomplete), which cover the whole geological time.
The attempt to structured the geological time in report to the periods of the greatest cycles which can be distinguished (the metagalactic cycles with the period of about 362 m.y.), based on a pulsatory geodynamic model, shows the existence of 11 distinctive metagalactic cycles (the last one incomplete), which cover the whole geological time.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: paulct20047212 on Mar 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/10/2014

pdf

text

original

 
THE GEOLOGICAL TIME FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THEMETAGALACTIC CYCLES (VAIL-PAYTON MEGACYCLES; 362 MY)
Mircea TICLEANU
1
,Simon PAULIUC
2
,Petre BURLACU, Paul CONSTANTIN
1
,Ion STELEA
1
& Mircea TRIFULESCUAbstract:
The paper characterize the geological time from thepoint of view of the metagalactic cycles. The Palaeozoic wasproposed as reference metagalactic cycle, developed between twosuccessive geocration moments, with a median talassocration.This important cycle reflect pulsatory movements of the terrestrialglobe, inducted by cosmic reasons which precede the galacticrevolution movement (about 181 m.a). Thus, from the point of viewof the metagalactic cycles, the Archaean (without the stellar phase)has a temporal extension of 3,5 metagalactic cycles, theProterozoic of 5,5 megacycles (the Mesoproterozoic has twocycles and the Neoproterozoic only one). The Mesozoic andCainozoic cover together only 2
/
3 from the last galactic cycle(incomplete).
Key words:
metagalactic cycles, Vail-Payton megacycles,galactic cycles, geocration epoch, talassocration epoch, globalexpansion, global contraction
1. INTRODUCTION
Along the Phanerozoic eon three important unwonted moments can bespotlighted: two moments of maximum global transgression (moments of talassocration), placed, the first between Lower Palaeozoic and Upper Palaeozoicand the second at Uppermost Cretaceous, and one moment of maximum globalregression (moment of geocration) placed in the proximity of the limit betweenPalaeozoic and Mesozoic (Permian-Triassic). This last moment can be correlatedwith another, similar, placed at the limit between Proterozoic and Palaeozoic.Taking into account all these moments we can imagine a dynamic cycle whichperiod is given by the temporal period which separates the two moments of talassocration, the same with the one which separated the two moments of geocration. This period is placed somewhere about 362 m.y., period practicallytwice than a galactic cycle placed at about 181 m.y. Taking into account this periodof the above mentioned dynamic cycle, we can accept the name of metagalacticcycle to illustrate this cyclicity which is previous to the galactic year.Taking into account the direct effects of this dynamic cycle, namelyplanetary transgressions and regressions, we can assume that the metagalacticcycle could be the consequence of some ample pulsations of the planet, due to thevariation of the total intensity of the galactic gravitational field, namely metagalactic.Possible periodical decrease in the gravitational intensity can determine increase involume (with decrease in density) of the terrestrial globe, which conducts to ageneral retreat of the oceans and seas seashores, so that it leads to distinctepochs of geocration. The increase in gravitational intensity at a galactic level(namely metagalactic) may lead to periodical contractions of the terrestrial globe,which can easily explain the talassocration epochs. We must mention that the
1 Geological Institute of Romania,1 Caransebes Street, 78344 Bucharest; E-mail: paulct@igr.ro2 Faculty of Geology and Geophysics, Bucharest University, 1 Blvd. N. B
a
lcescu, 70111 Bucharest
 
moments of expansion of the terrestrial globe are accompanied by lack in thetemperature of the internal and external layers of the globe, meanwhile theterrestrial contractions are accompanied by increase in the temperature of theselayers.According to the above mentioned a reference metagalactic cycle can beproposed the period of time which corresponds to the Palaeozoic era, between twosuccessive moments of maximum planetary regression. Also, taking into accountthe special concerns about the variations in the level of the Planetary
Ocean of some researchers as Vail (1977) and Payton (1977 fide Druscit et al.1985) it is also very suitable for these cycles the name of Vail-Paytonmegacycles (Ţicleanu, Pauliuc, 1989, 199
8). Practically, the best illustrationsof the talassocration and geocration moments of the Phanerozoic eon are basedon the reinterpretation of the curves made by Payton (1977) (fig. 1).
This paper practically continues the problems concerning the ciclicity of geological processes which was perceive by same Romanian
researchers (Lupei, 1975, Paucă,1981).
Starting from the period of the metagalactic cycle corresponding to thePalaeozoic era it exists the real possibility to characterize the entire geologicaltime, meaning the time corresponding to the planetary phase of Terra evolution,reported to the metagalactic cycles which can be evidentiated, taking into accountin the first way all the moments of geocration (namely the globe expansion) whichcan be mentioned.
STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABE
Ş
-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, SPECIAL ISSUE 1, 2002, p. 341-349
2
 
2. THE METAGALACTIC CYCLES OF THE GEOLOGICAL TIME
Before the characterization of the geological phase (planetary phase) of evolution of the terrestrial globe, it is interesting to mention that the pregeologicalphase (star phase – Macovei, 1958) is extended exactly on the period of twometagalactic cycles. The geological time has thus only 11 Vail-Payton megacycles(the last one incomplete) from which 3.5 are Achaean, 5.5 Proterozoic and the last2 are Phanerozoic. The Palaeoproterozoic extends on the period of 2.5megacycles, the Mesoproterozoic includes 2 metagalactic cycles, and theNeoproterozoic corresponds only to one metagalactic cycles. The first megacycleof the Phanerozoic corresponds obviously to the Palaeozoic, namely to thereference metagalactic cycle. The second one, incomplete, includes the Mesozoicand the Cainozoic. (Fig. 2).The 3.5 metagalactic cycles which correspond to the Archaean can beincluded into a supercycle, delimited arbitrarly, called in the North America(canadian shield) "Laurentian cycle" (Saulea, 1967). At the level of the sameCanadian Shield the temporal subdivisions: Prekeewatin, Keewatin si Timiskamingcorrespond to the Archaean, and meanwhile in the Eastern and Northern Europathe rocks consedered of Archaean age are part of the Lopian Complex, included inthe Gimolsk seria and in the Belomorian Complex.The first Archaean metagalactic cycle (and of the geological time as well)seems to correspond entirely to the anhydrous period of the planetary phase,namely the period without hydrosphere. In the same time it may be also calledPrekeewatin, which is its equivalent. The second metagalactic cycle would cover the period which can be separated as Lower and Middle Keewatin. The thirdmetagalactic cycle covers the period Upper Keewatin - Lower Timiskaming, andmeanwhile the fourth cycle is shared in two halves by the belomorian phase, thefirst belonging to the Uppermost Archaean (Upper Timiskaming), and the second tothe Lowermost Proterozoic, separated under the name of Siderian. Thus, this lastmetagalactic cycle covers the stratigraphic period Upper Timiskeming-Siderian.The next cycle, the fifth, already wholely included in the Palaeoproterozoic,corresponds to the stratigraphic period separated under the name of Rhyacian.The sixth metagalactic cycle covers the period which corresponds to thesubdivisions placed in the upper part of the Palaeoproterozoic, namely Orosirianand Statherian, which extend each on a half of megacycle. We must mention thatthe period of Svecofenian-Karelian corresponds to the Palaeoproterozoic in thearea of the Baltic Shield, and meanwhile at the level of the Canadian Shield, theAlgomian cycle (a supercycle) corresponds to the Palaeoproterozoic (Saulea,1967).The next megacycle, the seventh, corresponds wholely to the period of theCalymian and it is the first from the two metagalactic cycles which corresponds tothe Mesoproterozoic. Taking into account the geological facts of the EasternEurope, we can equivalate this metagalactic cycle with the period separated under the name of Burzian (or Rifean 1) thus it could be also called the Burzianmegacycle. The second Mesoproterozoic cycle, corresponding to the eighthmetagalactic cycle of the geological time, includes the stratigraphic periodsEctasian and Stenian, existing the possibility of separating it under the name of Iurmat megacycle (Rifean 2) as well.
STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABE
Ş
-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, SPECIAL ISSUE 1, 2002, p. 341-349
3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->