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CHAPTER 20— Mass Society and Democracy

CHAPTER 20— Mass Society and Democracy

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CHAPTER 20—MASS SOCIETY AND DEMOCRACY
CHAPTER 20—MASS SOCIETY AND DEMOCRACY

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Jonathan Daniel Keck on Mar 07, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/14/2014

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The Growth of IndustrialProsperityThe Emergence of MassSocietyThe National State andDemocracyToward the ModernConsciousness
Mass Society and DemocracyThe Growth of IndustrialProsperity
Objectives:1.Describe how newsources of energy andconsumer productstransformed thestandard of living for allsocial classes in manyEuropean countries2. Summarize howworking-class leadersused Marx’s ideas toform socialist parties
 
The SecondIndustrial Revolution
Westerners in the late 1800sworshiped progress—stunningmaterial growthThe first Industrial Revolutionhad given rise to textiles,railroads, iron, and coalThe Second IndustrialRevolution, steel, chemicals,electricity, and petroleum
New Products
Between 1870 and 1914,substitution of steel for iron— building of lighter, smaller, andfaster machines and enginesBy 1913, the total was anastounding 32 million tonsElectricity was a major new formof energy that proved to be of great value, providing heat, light,and motion1870s, the first practical generatorsof electrical current weredevelopedElectricity gave birth to newinventions*Thomas Edison—light bulb*Alexander Graham Bell—telephone in 1876*Guglielmo Marconi—first radiowaves across the Atlantic in1901By the 1880s, streetcars,subways, conveyor belts, cranes,24 hour running factories
 
Internal-combustionengine, fired by oiland gasoline,provided a newsource of power1903, Orville andWilbur Wright—thefirst flight in a fixed-wing plane in NorthCarolina
New Patterns
Rapid pace becauseof greatly increasedsales of manufacturedgoodsWages for workersincreased after 1870In the cities,department storesemerged

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