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Nine Tattvas book

Nine Tattvas book

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Published by Larry Shelton
the Nine princeiple
the Nine princeiple

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Published by: Larry Shelton on Mar 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Nine Tattvas (Principles)
(E00) 01/19/93 9TATTVAS.A01Compiled by Pravin K. Shah, Jain Study Center of NorthCarolinaNine Tattvas (Principles)========================== 
The nine Tattvas, or principles, are the single mostimportantsubject of Jain philosophy. It deals with the karmatheory of Jainism, which provides the basis for the path of liberation.Without the proper knowledge of this subject, a personcan not progress spiritually. The true faith and understanding of thissubject brings about right faith (samyak-darshana),rightknowledge (samyak-jnana), and right conduct in anindividual.Nine Tattvas (Principles):--------------------------1. Jiva - soul or living being (Consciousness)2. Ajiva - non-living substances3. Asrava - cause of the influx of karma4. Bandh - bondage of karma5.*Punya - virtue6.*Papa - sin7. Samvara - arrest of the influx of karma8. Nirjara - exhaustion of the accumulated karma9. Moksha - total liberation from karma* Punya and Papa are the diverse results of Asrava and Bandh. Someexponents of Jains do not treat them as separateTattvas. According to them, there are only seven principlesinstead of nine.1. Jiva (soul) Substance:--------------------------Explained in The Six Universal Substances chapter.
2. Ajiva (Non-living) Substances:----------------------------------Explained in The Six Universal Substances chapter.3. Asrava (Cause of the influx of karma) ------------------------------------------ Asrava is the cause which leads to the influx of good and evilkarma which lead to the bondage of the soul. Asrava may be described as attraction in the soultoward senseobjects.The following are causes of influx of good and evilkarma: Mithyatva - ignorance Avirati - lack of self restraintKasaya - passions like anger, conceit, deceit, and lustPramada - unawareness or unmindfulnessYoga - activities of mind, speech, and body In addition to the above causes, the five great sins;violence,untruth, stealing, sensual indulgence, and attachmentto worldly objects are also the cause of the influx of karmas.4. Bandha (Bondage of karma)------------------------------Bandha is the attachment of karmic matter (karma pudgala) to thesoul. The soul has had this karmic matter bondage from eternity.This karmic body is known as the karmana body or causalbody.

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