destruction of Karm, who has no binding of body or Indriyaan, he is calledVigyaanaakal. He is bound only with Mal (A-Gyaan, or ignorance, or Maayaa)Paash. Dirt Paash is of three types - Aanav Mal, Karmaj Mal, and Maayeya mal.Only Aanav Mal remains in Vigyaanaakal. Because he frees himself by Vigyaanthat is why he is called Vigyaanaakal.(2) Pralayaakal - Whichever Jeevaatmaa's body and Indriyaan are absorbed inPralaya Kaal (time), he does not have Maayeya Mal, but remain only Aanav andKarmaj Mal. Because he is destroyed in Pralaya Kaal that is why he is calledPralayaakal.(3) Sa-Kal - Whichever Jeevaatmaa is bound with all the three Paash - Aanav,Maayeya and Karmaj; he is called Sa-Kal (Sa means "with", and Kal means"aspects", so Sa-Kal means "with all aspects", means completely)
According to Naarad Puraan, Paash are said to be of five types - Malaj (bornfrom Mal), Karmaj (born from Karm), Maayeya (born from Maayaa), Tirodhaan -Shaktij, and Binduj. Modern Shaiv Darshan mentions four types - Mal, Rodh,Karm, and Maayaa. Rodh power and Tirodhaan power are the same. Bindu is aform of Maayaa and can be known as Shiv Tattwa.(1) Mal Paash - Whatever covers the natural knowledge and action power ofAatmaa is called mal (A-Gyaan, or ignorance, or Maayaa). This Mal not onlycovers him but also leads him to do bad Karm.(2) Rodh Paash - Whatever capacity a material has in it, is called Shiv's power,for example, burning power in fire. In whatever kind of material it resides, ittakes the same form - good or bad. Therefore when this power of Paash coversthe real form of Aatmaa, it is called "Rodh power" or "Tirodhaan power". In thisstate, Jeev considers his body as Aatmaa (soul), and is busy in nourishing hisbody, not in uplifting his Aatmaa.(3) Karm Paash - All Karm done with the desire of fruits are called Karm Paash.(4) Maayaa Paash - All becomes absorbed in whichever power at the timePralaya; and is created at the time of creation, is called Maayaa Paash. [Thispoints out towards the Ultimate Power, because He is the only Power in which allbecomes absorbed at the time of Pralaya and is created at the time Creation.]
Therefore the Pashu (this body), bound with these Paash, cuts them by Tattwaknowledge, then only he attains Shiv or Pashupati status.
Deekshaa is the means to attain Shiv. Parameshwar, living in the body of Guru,helps Jeev to attain Shiv by giving him Deekshaa. Whatever body is taken by