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It is Finished

It is Finished

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Published by Steve-O
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. Some often connect the word for "finished" with the idea of "paid in full," Yet, it seems unlikely that Christ has in mind the sense of money or payment when He uttered those words. In reality the most plain meaning of the word is "to complete, to finish, to end, to accomplish." These are perhaps the most common usages of the word.
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. Some often connect the word for "finished" with the idea of "paid in full," Yet, it seems unlikely that Christ has in mind the sense of money or payment when He uttered those words. In reality the most plain meaning of the word is "to complete, to finish, to end, to accomplish." These are perhaps the most common usages of the word.

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Published by: Steve-O on Mar 08, 2013
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08/02/2013

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It is Finished
"After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled aspunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. When Jesustherefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, andgave up the [Holy] Ghost." John 19:28-3028 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now
 finished 
, said (to fulfill theScripture), “I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a spongefull of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesushad received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head andgave up his spirit. ESV
It is finished:
In verse 28 the KJV has "accomplished" and in verse 30 "finished." The ESV above has"finished" in both instances. The same root verb
teleo is
used 2x in John at 19:30 and alsoverses 19:28 to form
tetelestai.
In vs. 28 it is in the aorist and in vs. 30 the perfectindicative (NA 27). This word appears over 28 times in the Greek New Testament(Matthew 7x; Revelation 8x; Luke 4x; Acts 1x; John 2x; Romans 2x and 1x in 2Corinthians, Galatians, 2 Timothy and James).Some often connect the word for "finished" with the idea of "paid in full". This word hasa secondary use in ancient commerce to indicate a bill was paid in full. Although the
 
Greek word here does have use in commerce it also has use in a number of differentcontexts (tax collection, marriage, citizenship). Yet, it seems unlikely that Christ has inmind the sense of money or payment when He uttered those words. In reality the most plain meaning of the word is "to complete, to finish, to end, to accomplish." These are perhaps the most common usages of the word. Notice that by saying "It is finished" Jesus is referring to an action completed in the past.However, the perfect tense usually refers to completed action and continuing results. Thesense of completeness in this word comes from the usage of the grammatical tense of theverb
teleo
, not the word itself, which simply means to finish or complete. Somegrammarians such as Ernest D.W. Burton or H.P.V. Nunn cite John 19:30 as an exampleof using the pluperfect tense. (1) Ultimately, the context helps decide the tense of theverb. The pluperfect tense is almost the same as the perfect tense but brings the results upto a time in the past.The results of Christs death, burial and resurrection have infinite results for believers yetas Jesus also stated in Luke 22:37 "the things concerning me have an end." (KJV) Mark 10:45, Matthew 20:28 and 26:28 indicate that while on earth Jesus understood His deathand viewed it as a "ransom for many" (KJV) In John 13:1 Jesus had also told thedisciples that His "hour had come" and "having loved his own who were in the world, heloved them to the end." (ESV) "It is finished" could more closely mean then "the prophetic portraiture of Messiah had been realized"(2). It was His "obedience unto death,even the death of the cross" (Philippians 2:8 KJV).Also in 19:28 Jesus understands this in terms of accomplishing and completing the work of the Father. He had indicated earlier in John that when the Father is working now, He isworking now (John 5:17). It is by the work of Jesus that the Father and Son work and areglorified not because they are separate persons but because of the completed work donein God's plan. Christ raised Himself from the dead after three days so while the plan of God was not entirely exhausted particular plans of God for the Messiah had beencompleted.Τετέλεσται [
tetelestai
] is accordingly a significant expression of the theologicalintentions of the Evangelist, who views Jesus’ death as God’s victory.(3)
Atonement:
The Bible perhaps does not teach any one theory of Atonement. The Bible teaches thatChrist has taken our place and by doing so has done for us what we could not do for ourselves. From the Scriptures we can know that we have been redeemed and that a pricehas been paid. In the Garden of Eden the first Adam sinned against God, not Himself.Animal sacrifices will not suffice or satisfy (Hebrews 10:4). Christ is the perfect sacrificewhich paid sins penalty (Hebrews 9:26; Romans 3:25-26, 6:23; Galatians 3:13).Because of His, once for all, sacrifice believers are redeemed by Christ (Ephesians 1:7).As believers we are bought with a price (1 Corinthians 6:20). We are justified through the

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