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Published by Ouzennou Assou

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Published by: Ouzennou Assou on Mar 08, 2013
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Long Term Evolution (LTE):A Technical Overview
The recent increase of mobile data usage and emergence of new applications such as MMOG (Mul-timedia Online Gaming), mobile TV, Web 2.0, streaming contents have motivated the 3rd GenerationPartnership Project (3GPP) to work on the Long-Term Evolution (LTE). LTE is the latest standard inthe mobile network technology tree that previously realized the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSxPA net-work technologies that now account for over 85% of all mobile subscribers. LTE will ensure 3GPP’scompetitive edge over other cellular technologies.LTE, whose radio access is called Evolved UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN), isexpected to substantially improve end-user throughputs, sector capacity and reduce user planelatency, bringing significantly improved user experience with full mobility. With the emergence ofInternet Protocol (IP) as the protocol of choice for carrying all types of traffic, LTE is scheduled toprovide support for IP-based traffic with end-to-end Quality of service (QoS). Voice traffic will besupported mainly as Voice over IP (VoIP) enabling better integration with other multimedia services.Initial deployments of LTE are expected by 2010 and commercial availability on a larger scale 1-2years later.Unlike HSPA (High Speed Packet Access), which was accommodated within the Release 99 UMTSarchitecture, 3GPP is specifying a new Packet Core, the Evolved Packet Core (EPC) network archi-tecture to support the E-UTRAN through a reduction in the number of network elements, simplerfunctionality, improved redundancy but most importantly allowing for connections and hand-over toother fixed line and wireless access technologies, giving the service providers the ability to delivera seamless mobility experienceLTE has been set aggressive performance requirements that rely on physical layer technologies,such as, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) and Multiple-Input Multiple-Output(MIMO) systems, Smart Antennas to achieve these targets. The main objectives of LTE are to mini-mize the system and User Equipment (UE) complexities, allow flexible spectrum deployment inexisting or new frequency spectrum and to enable co-existence with other 3GPP Radio AccessTechnologies (RATs).LTE is backed by most 3GPP and 3GPP2 service providers who along with the other interested par-ties aim to complete and agree the EUTRAN Standards by Q4-2007 and the EPC by Q1-2008.
Long Term Evolution (LTE): A Technical Overview
Long Term Evolution (LTE): A Technical Overview
E-UTRA is expected to support different types of services including web browsing, FTP, videostreaming, VoIP, online gaming, real time video, push-to-talk and push-to-view. Therefore, LTE isbeing designed to be a high data rate and low latency system as indicated by the key performancecriteria shown in Table 1. The bandwidth capability of a UE is expected to be 20MHz for both trans-mission and reception. The service provider can however deploy cells with any of the bandwidthslisted in the table. This gives flexibility to the service providers’ to tailor their offering dependenton the amount of available spectrum or the ability to start with limited spectrum for lower upfrontcost and grow the spectrum for extra capacity.Beyond the metrics LTE is also aimed at minimizing cost and power consumption while ensuringbackward-compatibility and a cost effective migration from UMTS systems. Enhanced multicastservices, enhanced support for end-to-end Quality of Service (QoS) and minimization of the num-ber of options and redundant features in the architecture are also being targeted.The spectral efficiency in the LTE DownLink (DL) will be 3 to 4 times of that of Release 6 HSDPAwhile in the UpLink (UL), it will be 2 to 3 times that of Release 6 HSUPA. The handover procedurewithin LTE is intended to minimize interruption time to less than that of circuit-switched hando-vers in 2G networks. Moreover the handovers to 2G/3G systems from LTE are designed to beseamless.MetricPeak data rateMobility supportControl plane latency(Transition time toactive state)User plane latencyControl planecapacityCoverage(Cell sizes)Spectrum flexibilityRequirementDL: 100MbpsUL: 50Mbps(for 20MHz spectrum)Up to 500kmph but opti-mized for low speeds from0 to 15kmph< 100ms (for idle to active)< 5ms> 200 users per cell (for5MHz spectrum)5 – 100km with slightdegradation after 30km1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and20MHzTable 1: LTE performance requirements

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