Emily A. Gatlin Wheatstone Bridge February 11, 2009Page 3It follows that the since the uniform conducting material directly correlates to the length of thematerial, but is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area, the constant of proportionality or
for a certain temperature varies across materials. However, if a conductor shaped in a longcylindrical fashion (wire), then resistance is:Therefore, this constant allows the calculation of the resistance.PROCEDUREThe apparatus for the Wheatstone bridge is a ten-turn potentiometer, a voltmeter, a standard decaderesistance box, set of resistance spools of wire, a power supply, a momentary contact switch, and a setof connecting wires. After the apparatus is assembled correctly, using the concept that at equalresistance, the potential is zero at the null point of the Wheatstone bridge. After we found the nullpoint, the ratios from the length along with the known resistivities provide the necessary data to
calculate the various resistors’ resistances.
Data Table I
Coil No. n
1 3.92 6.08 1.00E+00 6.45E-012 5.31 4.69 2.00E+00 2.26E+003 5.04 4.96 1.00E+00 1.02E+004 5.90 4.10 3.00E+00 4.32E+005 5.07 4.93 9.00E+00 9.26E+00