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The Wheat Stone Bridge Lab Report

The Wheat Stone Bridge Lab Report

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Published by Emily Gatlin
Algebra Based physics lab report on the principles behind the Wheatstone Bridge
Algebra Based physics lab report on the principles behind the Wheatstone Bridge

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Published by: Emily Gatlin on Mar 03, 2009
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05/03/2013

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Wheatstone Bridge
 
Name: Emily A. GatlinPartner: Whitney HeastonDate Performed: February 4
th
, 2009Date: February 11
th
, 2009T.A. John CaruthPage 1PURPOSEIn many common electronic devices, a device called a Wheatstone bridge establishes a referencevoltage or maintains a constant electric potential ratio within linear operational amplifier circuits. Thisexperiment teaches the how to use a potentiometer in order to understand the basic This lab showsthe basic concept of how a Wheatstone bridge operates to allow the calculation of an unknownresistance using a standard resistance with the relationships between the resistance of a specifiedmaterial, its resistivity, the length involved and the cross-sectional area. Lastly, this experiment
requires the calculation of several conductors’ resistivities.
 INTRODUCTIONThe Wheatstone bridge gives a precise method to measure resistance against a known standard.Within a Wheatstone bridge, a comparative device measures two additional relative resistances fromtwo separate resistors. The relative resistance equals the lengths of a divided wire wound in a coil of ten-turns within a potentiometer, a device allowing the manipulation of this resistance ration. Thus,the Wheatstone bridge utilizes repetitive comparisons of potentials to find the equipotential settings.Within this experiment, a voltmeter is used as the null detector and is placed as shown in the diagram.From the diagram, the Wheatstone bridge achieves balance when point B is at the same potential aspoint C
where no current flows from B
through the voltmeter.
 
Emily A. Gatlin Wheatstone Bridge February 11, 2009Page 2Therefore:Divide these equations together to get:The Wheatstone bridge uses the potentiometer whose sliding contact manipulates the resistance to beproportional to the length of the wire where this sliding contact is located.The bridge is balanced by manipulating this contact until no potential difference is detected. At thebalance point (B), the divisions of the wire lengths, and exist in proportional quantities to theresistance.and where and since length is proportional to thenumber of turns, the length ratio equals the ration to turns.Clearly, the Wheatstone bridge uses the standard and the relative lengths/turns of a divided uniformwire to compute the unknown resistance.
R
x
R
s
 IA I
2
V I
2
DR
1
B R
2
I
1
I
1
I
Power Supply +
 
C
 
Emily A. Gatlin Wheatstone Bridge February 11, 2009Page 3It follows that the since the uniform conducting material directly correlates to the length of thematerial, but is inversely proportional to the cross-sectional area, the constant of proportionality or
resistivity
for a certain temperature varies across materials. However, if a conductor shaped in a longcylindrical fashion (wire), then resistance is:Therefore, this constant allows the calculation of the resistance.PROCEDUREThe apparatus for the Wheatstone bridge is a ten-turn potentiometer, a voltmeter, a standard decaderesistance box, set of resistance spools of wire, a power supply, a momentary contact switch, and a setof connecting wires. After the apparatus is assembled correctly, using the concept that at equalresistance, the potential is zero at the null point of the Wheatstone bridge. After we found the nullpoint, the ratios from the length along with the known resistivities provide the necessary data to
calculate the various resistors’ resistances.
DATA
Data Table I
Coil No. n
1
10.00-n
1
R
s
R
x
 
1 3.92 6.08 1.00E+00 6.45E-012 5.31 4.69 2.00E+00 2.26E+003 5.04 4.96 1.00E+00 1.02E+004 5.90 4.10 3.00E+00 4.32E+005 5.07 4.93 9.00E+00 9.26E+00

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what are u mean this...??
Sneha Ramakrishnan added this note
i have doubt as to y is the null point obtained in the middle one third of the wire ??? rep asap
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