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CHE122XREV1.pdf

CHE122XREV1.pdf

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Published by Sharlene Kim
Reference: Smith and Vanness -Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
Reference: Smith and Vanness -Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

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Published by: Sharlene Kim on Mar 09, 2013
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08/04/2013

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CHE122: SAMPLE EXIT EXAM1. The assumption of ideality on the behaviour of a real gas is most valid at(readchapter 3.4) a. high temperature and high pressure
c. very high temperature and atambient pressure
 b. very high pressure and at ambient temperature d. very low temperature and highpressure2. The relationship PV
=constant, k=Cp/Cv , is applicable only for ( read chapter 3.3) a. adiabatic process of an ideal gas
b. adiabatic process of an ideal gas with constant heat capacity
 c. adiabatic process of any gas, real or ideald. adiabatic process of any gas, real or ideal gas with constant heat capacity3.In the adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas in a piston cylinder system, the finaltemperature of the gas is _______ the initial temperature(see example 3.2) a. equal than b. greater than
c. less than
d. less than or equalto4. The point of highest temperature in the P-V diagram for a pure liquid at which a liquidcan exist is called the(Refer to figure 3.1) a. Boyle Temperature c. Reduced Temperature
b. Critical Temperature
d. Theta Temperature5. The following is always true about compression of a gas, except(Read 7.3) a. specific volume of a gas decreases
c. adiabatic condition
 b. density of the gas increases d. work is supplied to thesystem6.What is the most likely condition of an exiting fluid from a compressor, if it enters as asaturated liquid?(Read 7.3) a. mixture of saturated liquid and saturated vapor 
c. subcooled liquid
 b. superheated vapor d. saturated vapor 7.Which of the following is an example of an unsteady-state open system?(Read 2.12) a. Well-lagged tank, two inlet feed lines, one exit line, the sum of the mass flow rates ofthe feed lines is equal to that of the exit line
b. Well-lagged tank with a vent, no inlet line
 c. Unlagged tank, with no feed line and no exit lined. Well-lagged tank, no feed line and no exit line8. The equipment are typically assumed to be operated isobarically, except(Readchapter7.3)a. condenser b. aftercooler c. combustor 
d. compressor
9. Typically, the operation in a throttling valve is assumed to be(Read chapter 7.1) a. isochoric
b. isenthalpic
c. poltropic d. isothermal10. If you are asked to define enthalpy , your most likely answer is(Read 2.10)a. It is the energy inside the system
b. It is the energy needed to increase the temperature of the system.
 c. It can be computed using mCpTd. It is the sum of U and PV11. The entropy of ammonia at 10 degC having a density of 100 kg/m
3
is ______.
 
Use the following thermodynamic data for ammonia:
Thermodynamic Data Saturated Liquid Saturated Vapor 
Specific Volume[m
3
/kg] 0.001600 0.20541
 
Entropy [kJ/kg-K] 0.8779 5.2045a. 5.2045 kJ/kg-K b. 4.5408 kJ/kg-K
c. 0.105 kJ/kg-K
d. 0.8779 kJ/kg-KSolution:Entropy (S)?density =100 kg/m
3
specific volume=(density)
-1
=(100)
-1
=0.01 m
3
/kgInterpolate : specific volume =0.01 Entropy =?S=1.056 kJ/kg-K12. For Nos. 12-14An ideal gas , with Cp=3.5 R , is compressed isothermally inside a piston-cylinder set-upat 100 deg C. If the gas is reduced to 0.5 of its original volume, the work done on thesystem isa. 576.3 J/gmol b. 1325 J/gmol c. 735.5 J/gmol
d.2149.5 J/gmol
 Solution:ideal gas Cp=3.5 R T=constant (compressed) T=100 CV
f
=V
o
-0.5V
o
=0.5 V
o
W=-RTln(V
f
/V
o
) ->eqn. 3.23W=-(8.314)(373)ln(0.5) =2149.53 J/gmol13. If the ambient temperature in Problem #12 is 25 deg C , the change in entropy inthe surroundings is
a. 7.21 J/gmol-K
b. 85.98 J/gmol-K c. -85.98 J/gmol-K d. 32.5 J/gmol- KSolution:T
s
=25 C (298 K)
D
S= -Qj/Tj
s
-> eqn.5.20
D
 
U
sys
= Q
sys
+W
sys
D
 
U
sys
=0 (isothermal)Q
sys
=-W
sys
Q
sys
=-2149.53 -Q
sys
=Q
surr 
Q
surr 
=2149.53 J/gmol
D
S= Q
surr 
/Ts=2149.53/298 =7.213 J/gmol -K14.The change in entropy of the system in Problem #12 isa. -85.98 J/gmol-K b. -7.21 J/gmol-K
c. -5.76 J/gmol-K
d. -32.5 J/gmol-K
 
Solution:
D
S= -Qj/Tj
s
-> eqn.5.20
D
S= -(2149.53)/(373) =-5.76 J/gmol-K15. For Nos. 15-16A steady-flow adiabatic turbine accepts an ideal gas at 500 K and 6 bar , anddischarges at 371K and 1.2 bar. If Cp=3.5 R and the ambient temperature and pressureis 300 K and 1 bar , the work produced in the turbinea. 2681.3 J/gmol b. 1072.5 J/gmol c. 7253 J/gmol
d. 3753.8 J/gmol
 solution:
 
T1=500K P1=6 bar® 
 ® T2=371 K P2=1.2 bar Cp=3.5 R Ts=300 K P=1 bar W(turbine)=?Q=0Ke and Pe are negligibleDH= W -W=-DH =H1-H2-Ws=H1-H2=mcp(T1-T2)=3.5R (500-371) =3753.8 J/gmol16. The reversible shaft work or ideal work is
a. 5163 J/gmol
b. 2681 J/gmol c. 5830 J/gmol d.3274.5 J/gmolsolution:
W
ideal
=Ws-W
lost
W
lost
=T
s
(
DSm)
fs
-QDS =Cpln(T2/T1) -Rln(P2/P1)DS =3.5 R ln(371/500)-Rln(1.2/6) =4.698 J/gmol -K Q=0Wlost = (300)(4.698) =1409.4 J/gmolWideal=3753.8 -(-1409.4) =5163.2 J/gmol17. For Nos. 17-20Steam enters a nozzle at 800 kPa and 280 deg C at negligible velocity anddischarges at 550 kPa. Assuming isentropic expansion of the steam in the nozzle andthe mass flow rate of steam is 0.75 kg/s, the exit velocity of the steam is _______.Use the following thermodynamic data for steam:
Thermodynamic Data
Inlet (800 kPa , 280 C) Exit (550kPa,s=k) 
Enthalpy [kJ/kg] 3013.85 2943.91Entropy [kJ/kg-K] 7.15498 7.15498Specific Volume [m
3
/kg] 0.38866a. 16725 m/s
b.374 m/s
c. 11.83 m/s d.264.45 m/sSolution:
 
steam
 ® 
 ® T=550kPa , v=?
 m=0.75 kg/sP1=800 kPaT1=280 Cassume isentropic expansion, steady state conditionenergy balance: Pe isnegligible,Q=0, no work 
DH = DEk H2-H1+0.5(U
22
-U
12
) =0 ; U
1
=negligibleH2-H1+[U
22
/2000]at 800 kPa , 280 CH1= 3013.85, S1=7.15498S2=S1=7.15498 P2=550 kPa

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