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Turbulence Reynold stress

Turbulence Reynold stress

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Reynold stress in turbulent flows
Reynold stress in turbulent flows

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03/09/2013

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Lars Davidson: Numerical Methods for Turbulent Flowhttp://www.tfd.chalmers.se/gr-kurs/MTF071 98
Reynolds Stress Models
(January 7, 2005)
Deriving the
 ¢¡£ ¥¤
equation
Set up the momentum equation for the instantaneous ve-locity
Eq. (1)Time average
Eq. (2)Subtract Eq. (2) from Eq. (1)
Eq. (3)Do the same procedure for
¦¤
Eq. (4)Multiply Eq. (3) with
 ¤
and Eq. (4) with
 ¡
, time averageand add them together
Eq. for
 ¡ ¤
The
¡ ¥¤
-equation(Reynolds Stress equation)has theform:
©¦ ¡ ¥¤ "!#\$&%'(¡)¤§0 ¡£ ©¦¤"!0 ¤1 ©¦¡2!#\$&%'3¡)¤456 ¢¡"!¤ ¥¤"!¡87#\$9%'@¡A¤0"!CB ¡ ¥¤8  4 ¤5ED¡F4 ¡5GD¤0IH ¡ ¤"!QP#\$9%'R¡A¤0TSUH ¢¡"!¥¤2!#\$9%'V¡A¤
which symbolically can be written:
(¡)¤0R¡)¤§3¡)¤@¡)¤0VW¡A¤
LD Chapter 5: Reynolds Stress Models

Lars Davidson: Numerical Methods for Turbulent Flowhttp://www.tfd.chalmers.se/gr-kurs/MTF071 99
The

equation
Theturbulentkineticenergyisthesum ofallnormalReynoldsstresses, i.e.

§
¡
S
¢

¤£
¥¦£
S ¢¡ ¢¡
By taking the trace (setting indices
§
) in the equationfor
 ¡ ¤
we get the equation for the turbulent kineticenergyequation:

¡
S ¡ ¡ 70IH

2!¤#\$9%'R0IH ¡"!¤ ¡"!¤#\$&%'V
which symbolically can be written:
(0R§30V
Modelling assumptions
Now we’ll model the unknown terms in the
 ¡ ¤
equation.This will give us the Reynolds Stress Model (RSM) wherea (modelled) transport equation is solved for each stress.Later on, we will introduced a simpliﬁed algebraic model,which is called the Algebraic Stress Model (ASM)Physical meaning:
3¡)¤
3
are production terms of
¡¤
and

LD Chapter 5: Reynolds Stress Models

Lars Davidson: Numerical Methods for Turbulent Flowhttp://www.tfd.chalmers.se/gr-kurs/MTF071 100
@¡)¤
is the pressure-strain correlation term, which pro-motes isotropy of the turbulence
V
¦
V¡A¤
are dissipation (i.e. transformation of mechanicalenergy intoheat in thesmall-scale turbulence)of

and
 ¡ ¤
, respectively.Production term, RSM, ASM:
Production term,

0V
:
0 ¡£¥¤§H
¡
¢
D¡)¤

3§
¤£¥
Diffusion term in the

&
V
-equations, RSM, ASM:
R§"!¤B6H
§¦
 ¤

V7

"!
¨
P
(94)Diffusion term in the

&
V
-equations,

0V
:
R§"!¤B6H
£
7

"!¤P
Dissipation term:
VW¡)¤§S
¢
VD¡)¤
LD Chapter 5: Reynolds Stress Models