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Correlation Coefficients of Neutrosophic Sets by Centroid Methoda Correlation Coefficient

# Correlation Coefficients of Neutrosophic Sets by Centroid Methoda Correlation Coefficient

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In this paper, we propose another method to calculate the correlation coefficient of neutrosophic sets. The value which obtained from this method tells us the strength of relationship between the neutrosophic sets and the whether the neutrosophic sets are positively or negatively related. Finally we give some proposition and examples.
In this paper, we propose another method to calculate the correlation coefficient of neutrosophic sets. The value which obtained from this method tells us the strength of relationship between the neutrosophic sets and the whether the neutrosophic sets are positively or negatively related. Finally we give some proposition and examples.

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12/28/2013

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International Journal of Probability and Statistics 2013, 2(1): 9-12DOI: 10.5923/j.ijps.20130201.02

Correlation Coefficients of Neutrosophic Sets by CentroidMethod
I. M. Hanafy,

A. A. Salama
*
, K. M. Mahfouz

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Port Said University, Egypt
Abstract
In this paper, we propose another method to calculate the correlation coefficient of neutrosophic sets. The valuewhich obtained from this method tells us the strength of relationship between the neutrosophic sets and the whether theneutrosophic sets are positively or negatively related. Finally we give some proposition and examples.
Keywords
Correlation Coefficient, Fuzzy Set, Neutrosophic Sets, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets, Centroid Method
1. Introduction
In 2012 Hanafy and Salama[8, 9, 10] introduced andstudied some operations on neutrosophic sets andinvestigated the correlation of neutrosophic data[8].Correlation plays an important role in statistics andengineering sciences, by correlation analysis, the jointrelationship of two variables can be examined with the aid of a measure of interdependency of the two variables. Thecorrelation coefficient is one of the most frequently usedtools in statistics. Several authors have discussed andinvestigated the concept of correlation in fuzzy set[4, 14].For example, Murthy and Pal[
‎
12] studied the correlation between two fuzzy membership functions, Chiang and Lin[4]studied the correlation and partial correlation of fuzzy sets,Chaudhuri and Bhattacharya[
‎
3] investigated the correlation between two fuzzy sets on the same universal support. Yu[14]defined the correlation of fuzzy numbers A, B in thecollection F([a,b]) of all fuzzy numbers whose supports areincluded in a closed interval. After two decades Turksen[13] proposed the concept of interval-valued fuzzy set. But for some applications it is not enough to satisfy to consider onlythe membership-function supported by the evident but alsohave to consider the non-membership function against by theevident. Atanassov[1, 2] introduced another type of fuzzysets that is called intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) which is more practical in real life situations. Intuitionistic fuzzy setshandle incomplete information i.e., the grade of membershipfunction and non-membership function but not theindeterminate information and inconsistent informationwhich exists obviously in belief system. Several authorshave discussed the concept of correlation in intuitionistic
fuzzy set. Smarandache and Salama[10, 11] introducedanother concept of imprecise data called neutrosophic sets.neutrosophic set is a part of neutrosophy which studied theorigin, nature and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with ideational spectra. The neutrosophic setgeneralized the concept of classical fuzzy set[16, 17, 18],interval-valued fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set[1, 2], etc. Inthis paper we discuss a concept of correlation for datarepresented as neutrosophic sets adopting the concept fromstatistics. We calculate it by showing both positive andnegative relationship of the sets, and showing that it isimportant to take into account all three terms describingneutrosophic sets.
2. Terminologies
2.1. Correlation Coefficient of Fuzzy Sets
In 1965[17], Zadeh first introduce the concept of fuzzysets as follow: Let
X
be a fixed set. A fuzzy set
A
of
X
is anobject having the form
{ }
X  x x x A
A
=
)),(,(
µ
wherethe function
]1,0[:
X
A
µ
define the degree of membership of the element
X  x
to the set
A
, which is asubset of
X
.Suppose there is a fuzzy set
F  A
, where
F
is a fuzzyspace. The fuzzy sets
A
defined on a crisp set
X
with amembership function
A
µ
, the probability of fuzzy set has been defined by Zadeh[17, 18].
),()()(
A X  A
dP  x A P
µ µ
==
(1)where
P
is the probability measure over
X
, and
)(
A
E
µ
isthe mean of the membership function of a fuzzy event
A
.When we have a random sample
),,,(
21
n
x x x
from acrisp set
X
, with the membership function
A
µ
of some

10 I. M. Hanafy et
al.
: Correlation Coefficients of Neutrosophic Sets by Centroid Method
specific fuzzy set
A
, then the sample mean and samplevariance of the membership function of
A
, defined on
X
, can be written as,
( )
,1)(,)(
1221
==
==
n xn x
ni Ai A Anii A A
µ µ µ µ
(2)where
A
µ
and
2
A
are the average and the degree of variations of membership function of fuzzy set
A
, then thecorrelation coefficient,
B A
,
, between the fuzzy sets
A
and
B
which defined by Chiang and Lin [4]:
( )( )
B Ani Bi B Ai A  B A
n x x
1)()(
1,
=
=
µ µ µ µ
(3)
2.2. Correlation Coefficient of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets
Atanassov[1, 2] introduced another type of fuzzy sets thatis called intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) which is more practicalin real life situations as follow: Let
X
be a fixed set. Anintuitionistic fuzzy set
A
o
X
is an object having the form
{ }
X  x x x x A
A A
=
)),(),(,(
ν µ
where the function:
]1,0[:
X
A
µ
and
]1,0[:
X
A
ν
define respectivelythe degree of membership and degree of non-membership of the element
X  x
to the set
A
, which is a subset of
X
andfor every
x
,
1)()(0
+
x x
A A
ν µ
.Yu [14] defined the correlation o
A
and
B
in the collection
F
([
a
,
b
]) of all fuzzy numbers whose supports are included ina closed interval[
a
,
b
] as follows:
dx x x x x ab B A
Bba A B A
)()()()( 1),(
ν ν µ µ
+=
, (4)where
1)()(
=+
x x
A A
ν µ
and the correlation coefficientof fuzzy numbers
A
,
B
was defined by
),(),( ),(
B B A A  B A
×=
ρ
. (5)In 1991, Gerstenkorn and Manko[16] defined thecorrelation of intuitionistic fuzzy sets
A
and
B
in a finite set
},,,{
21
n
x x x X
=
as follows:
))()()()((),(
1
i Bi A nii Bi AGM
x x x x B A
ν ν µ µ
=
+=
(6)and the correlation coefficient of fuzzy numbers
A
,
B
wasgiven by:
)()( ),(
B A  B A
GM GM
=
ρ
(7)where
))()(()(
212
i Anii A
x x A
ν µ
=
+=
. (8)In 1995, Hong and Hwang[5] defined the correlation of intuitionistic fuzzy sets
A
and
B
in a probability space (
X
,
B
,
P
)as follows:
dP  B A
B X  A B A HH
)(),(
ν ν µ µ
+=
(9)and the correlation coefficient of intuitionistic fuzzynumbers
A
,
B
was given by
),(),( ),(
B B A A  B A
HH  HH  HH  HH
=
ρ
. (10)Hung and Wu[5,6,7] introduce the concept of positivelyand negatively correlated and used the concept of centroid todefine the correlation coefficient of intuitionistic fuzzy setswhich lies in the interval[-1,1], and the correlationcoefficient of intuitionistic fuzzy sets
A
and
B
was given by:
),(),( ),(
B B A A  B A
HW  HW  HW  HW
=
ρ
, (11)where
)()()()(
B A B A HW
mmmm
ν ν µ µ
+=
(12)
=
dx xdx x xm
A A A
)()()(
µ µ µ

=
dx xdx x xm
A A A
)()()(
ν ν ν

=
dx xdx x xm
B B B
)()()(
µ µ µ

=
dx xdx x xm
B B B
)()()(
ν ν ν
In 2012 Salama et al[10] introduced and studied someoperations on neutrosophic sets
Definition.2.1
. [10]Let
X
be a non-empty fixed set.
A
neutrosophic set(
GNS
for short)
A
is an object having the form
( ) ( ) ( )
{ }
, , , :
A A A
A x x x x x
µ σ γ
=
Where
( ) ( )
x x
A A
σ µ
,
and
)(
x
A
γ
which represent thedegree of member ship function (namely
( )
x
A
µ
), the degreeof indeterminacy (namely
( )
x
A
σ
), and the degree of non-member ship (namely
)(
x
A
γ
) respectively of eachelement
X  x
to the set
A
.The correlation coefficient between neutrosophic setsranges in[-1, 1], which can correlate neutrosophic concepts.Thus, we propose the following correlation measure.
Definition. 2.2
. [8, 10]Let X be a fixed set. A neutrosophic set A of X is an objecthaving the form
{ }
X  x x x x x A
A A A
=
)),(),(),(,(
γ  ν µ
where the function:
A A A
γ  ν µ
and,
are real standard or non-standard subsets of]
+
1,0
[ define respectively thedegree of membership, degree of non-membership anddegree of indeterminacy of the element
X  x
to the set A,which is a subset of X and for every
X  x
,
3)()()(0
+
++
x x x
A A A
γ  ν µ
.

International Journal of Probability and Statistics 2013, 2(1): 9-12 11
Definition. 2.3
. [8].

For A and B are two neutrosophic sets in a finite space
{ }
n
x x x X
,...,,
21
=
, we define the correlation of neutrosophicsets A and B as follows:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )
[ ]
=++=
nii Bi Ai Bi Ai Bi A
x x x x x x B ACN
1
....),(
ν ν σ σ µ µ
and the correlation coefficient of A and B given by
( )( )
21
)().( ),(,
B A  B ACN  B A R
=
Where
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
++=
=
nii Ai Ai A
x x x A
1222
)(
ν σ µ

( ) ( ) ( )
( )
=
++=
nii Bi Bi B
x x x B
1222
)(
ν σ µ

3. Correlation Coefficient oNeutrosophic Sets
Definition 3.1.
Let A, B are two neutrosophic sets, we define
(,)()()()()()()
A B A B A B
C A B m mm m m m
µ µ ν ν γ γ
=+ +
(13)and we call it correlation formula of
A
and
B
. furthermore,we call
)()( ),(),(
B M  A M   B A B A
=
ρ
, (14)The correlation coefficient of
A
and
B
, where
=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X   x x x X  dx xdx x xm
nii Anii Ai X   A X   A A
µ µ µ µ µ
,
=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X   x x x X  dx xdx x xm
nii Bnii Bi X   B X   B B
µ µ µ µ µ

=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X  x x x X dx xdx x xm
nii Anii Ai X  A X  A A
ν ν ν ν ν
,
=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X  x x x X dx xdx x xm
nii Bnii Bi X  B X  B B
ν ν ν ν ν

=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X   x x x X  dx xdx x xm
nii Anii Ai X   A X   A A
γ  γ  ν γ  γ
,
=
==
Finite is, )()(Continousis,)()()(
11
X  x x x X dx xdx x xm
nii Bnii Bi X  A X  B B
γ  γ  ν γ  γ
are the centroid of
B
and,,,,
γ  ν µ γ  ν µ
B B A A A
,respectively and
)()()()(
222
A A A
mmm A M
γ  ν µ
++=

)()()()(
222
B B B
mmm B M
γ  ν µ
++=

Proposition 3.1.
For all
A
and
B
are neutrosophic sets, we have1).
).,(),(
A B B A
=
2).
).,(),(
A B B A
ρ  ρ
=
3). I
A
=
B
, then
.1),(
=
B A
ρ

Theorem 3.1.
For all
A
and
B
are neutrosophic sets, we have
1),(
B A
ρ
.
Proof

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