TOM 1-- GOVERNORS VIVA Question and answers
This is an extreme case of sensitiveness. When the equilibriumspeed is constant for all radii of rotation of the balls within the working range, thegovernor is said to be in isochronism. This means that the difference between themaximum and minimum equilibrium speeds is zero and the sensitiveness shall beinfinite.
Stability is the ability to maintain a desired engine speed withoutfluctuating. Instability results in hunting or oscillating due to over correction.Excessive stability results in a dead-beat governor or one that does not correctsufficiently for load changes
The phenomenon of
continuous fluctuation of the engine speed
aboveand below the mean speed is termed as hunting. This occurs in
or isochronous governors.Suppose an isochronous governor is fitted to an engine running at a steady load.With a slight increase of load, the speed will fall and the sleeve will immediatelyfall to its lowest position. This shall open the control valve wide and excess supplyof energy will be given, with the result that the speed will rapidly increase and thesleeve will rise to its higher position. As a result of this movement of the sleeve,the control valve will be cut off; the supply to the engine and the speed will againfall, the cycle being repeated indefinitely. Such a governor would admit either more or less amount of fuel and so effect would be that the engine would hunt.
: A governor is said to be sensitive, if its change of speed s from noload to full load may be as small a fraction of the mean equilibrium speed as possible and the corresponding sleeve lift may be as large as possible.Supposeω
= max. equilibrium speedω
= min. equilibrium speedω = mean equilibrium speed = (ω
)/2Therefore sensitiveness = (ω
Q9.State the principle of operation of governors.Ans-
When the load on an engine increases or decreases, obviously its speed willrespectively decrease or increase to the extent of variation of load. This variation of speed has to be controlled by the governor, within small limits of the mean speed.This necessities that when the load increases and consequently the speed decreases,the supply of fuel to one engine has to be increased accordingly, to compensate for the loss of the speed, so as to bring back the speed close to the mean speed.Conversely when the load decreases, and the speed increase, the supply of fuel hasto be reduced. This implies that the governor should have its mechanism working
year mechanical Engg