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Explosion Proof Motors Overview

Explosion Proof Motors Overview



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Published by dit25195683

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Published by: dit25195683 on Mar 03, 2009
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   E  x  p   l  o  s   i  o  n  -   P  r  o  o   f
     M    o    t    o    r    s
   O   v   e   r   v    i   e   w
IEC Squirrel-Cage MotorsFrame sizes
to 450Power range 0.0
kW to
IEC Squirrel-Cage Motors
Explosion-proof motors
Siemens D 81.1 · 2006
In many industrial sectors as well as in domestic life, explosionprotection or explosion hazards are ever-present, e.g. in thechemicals industry, in refineries, on drilling platforms, at petrolstations, in feed manufacturing and in sewage treatment plants.The risk of explosion is always present when gases, fumes, mistor dust are mixed with oxygen in the air in an explosive ratioclose to sources of ignition that are able to release the so-calledminimum ignition energy.Explosion-protected equipment are designed such that anexplosion can be prevented when they are used properly.The explosion-protected equipment can be designed in accor-dance with various types of protection.The
conditions must be subdivided into specified zones bythe user with the assistance of the responsible authorities inaccordance with the frequency of occurrence of an explosionhazard. Device (equipment) categories are assigned to thesezones. The zones are then subdivided into possible types of pro-tection and therefore into possible equipment (product) types.Our product range contains motors in the following types ofprotection:"Increased safety" EEx e II"Explosion-proof enclosure" EEx de IIC/EEx d IIC"Non-sparking" Ex nA II/EEx nA II"Areas protected against dust explosions in Zones 21 and 22"The table below "Overview of explosion-proof motors" contains acomplete overview of our products, their types of protection andthe assignment of motor types to categories. It is important tonote that depending on whether the motor is used for converter-fed operation or mains-fed operation, different order codes arerequired for unique selection of the required product.
Overview of explosion-proofmotors 
SectionCate-goryZoneFrequencyof occurrenceof the ExatmosphereDegree ofprotectionTempera-ture classDegree ofprotec-tionOperationStandardMotor type(Pos. 1-4 ofOrder No.)OrdercodeUtilisationaccording totemperatureclassGas andsteam (G)1G0Continuously orlong-termNot common practice with low-voltage motors2G1InfrequentlyEExdeIIC
 (explosion-proofenclosure)T1–T4IP55MainsIEC/EN60 079-0IEC/EN60 079-11MJ6/71MJ8/1BConverterA15A16FEExeII(increasedsafety)T1–T3IP55MainsIEC/EN60 079-0IEC/EN60 079-71MA61MA7B/F3G2Rarely orbrieflyEExnAIIExnAII(nonsparking)T1–T3IP55MainsIEC/EN60079-151LA61LA71LA8,1PQ8
1LA91LG4/6M72BConverterM73Dust (D)1D20Continuously orlong-termNot common practice with low-voltage motors2D21InfrequentlyConductive dustMax. enclo-sure tem-perature T125°CIP65MainsEN502811LA51LA61LA71LA8
1LA91LG4/6M34BConverterM383D22Rarely orbrieflyNon-conductivedustIP55MainsM35ConverterM39
Highest explosion group IIC includes IIB and IIA.
1PQ8 is not possible for Zone 21 and 22; Zone 2 for 1PQ8 available onrequest. Utilisation according to temperature class F.
1LA8 only available for Zone 22 (order codes M35, M39). Utilisationaccording to temperature class F.
IEC Squirrel-Cage Motors
Explosion-proof motors
Siemens D 81.1 · 2006
The explosion-proof motors from Siemens offer the user numer-ous advantages:The motors are designed in accordance with Directive94/9/EU (ATEX95 previously ATEX100a). As product supplier,Siemens accepts responsibility for compliance with the appli-cable product standards for the selected equipment.By using this product, the plant operating company satisfiesDirective 1999/92/EU in accordance with Appendix II B(ATEX137 previously ATEX118a). The plant manufacturer orplant operating company is responsible for correct selectionand proper usage of the equipment.Comprehensive series of explosion-proof motors for protec-tion against gas and dust.Individual versions of motors are possible thanks to thenumerous catalogue options.Further special versions are possible on request.Certificates are available for a defined spectrum of Siemensmotors/converters.
The explosion-proof motors are used in the following sectors toprevent explosion hazards that result in serious injury to personsand severe damage to property.Chemical and petrochemical industryProduction of mineral oil and gasGas worksGas supply companiesPetrol stationsCoking plantsMills (e.g. corn, solids)Sewage treatment plantsWood processing (e.g. sawdust, tree resin)Other industries subject to explosion hazards
Technical specifications
Zone 1 with type of protection EEx e II Increased Safety "e" 
All 1MA motors are certified in type of protection EExeII fortemperature classes T1 to T3 at an ambient temperature from–20 to +40°C and have an EU type test certificate according toDirective 94/9/EG (ATEX95). Higher temperature classes areavailable on request.Explosion protection is achieved when the certified motor ver-sions interact with a similarly certified motor protection switch.The motor protection switch is selected in accordance with thevalues certified for the motor for the starting current ratio
 and the
times, so that in the case of a locked rotor fault, themotor is isolated from the supply within the
time. The
timesassigned to the separate temperature classes and the startingcurrent ratio are marked on the rating plate.Explosion protection can be achieved exclusively by the PTCthermistors embedded in the winding provided that the motorhas been specially approved and certified for this. This type ofprotection is not technically possible for every motor, so it isessential to enquire before ordering.With the exception of 2-pole motors of frame size 225M andabove, all motors are of an identical version, i.e. the motors canbe operated at T1/T2 or T3 at the appropriate rated output. Forspecial versions (different frequency, output, ambient tempera-ture, site altitude, etc.) a new certificate is necessary (pleaseenquire). The temperature class must be specified in the order,otherwise the universal version T1/T2 and T3 will be certified(doubling the certification costs).Identification on the rating plate:II2GEExeIIT1T3
Zone 1 with type of protection EEx de IIC explosion-proof enclosure "d" 
All 1MJ motors are certified for the highest explosion group IIC,temperature classes T1 to T4 at ambient temperatures from–20 to +60°C and have an EC type test certificate according toDirective 94/9/EG (ATEX95).These motors are designed such that an explosion within thecasing cannot result in an explosion in the environment. The en-ergy that is generated internally by an explosion is dissipated inthe so-called "flameproof chamber" so far that the energy is nolonger sufficient for ignition outside the casing. The casing tem-perature is below the ignition temperature of the gases to whichtemperature class T4 applies.The 1MJ6 motors (frame size 71 to 200) generally have a locatedbearing on the non-drive-end (NDE) of the motor.The following variations are possible on request:Coolant temperature >40°C or site altitude >1000m (for1MJ6, the reduction factors listed in the "Introduction" sectionof the catalogue under "General technical data", "Coolant tem-perature and site altitude" are applicable).Frequency and rated dutyPole-changing motorsInsulated bearing at the non-drive-end (NDE)Use according to temperature class F in mains-fed operationOn the frequency converter, motors in type of protection"explosion-proof enclosure" can be used thermally acc. to tem-perature class F. Converter-fed operation can be ordered withorder code
(PTC thermistors for tripping) or
(PTC ther-mistors for tripping and alarm), whereby an additional PTC ther-mistor is fitted to 1MJ6/1MJ7 motors in the connection box.Identification on the rating plate:II2GEExdeIICT1T4orII2GEExdIIC T1 T4

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