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Nema 3ph_home Study Course

Nema 3ph_home Study Course

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NEMA THREE PHASEAC HORIZONTAL MOTORHOME STUDY COURSE
 
U.S. ELECTRICAL MOTORS
DIVISION OF EMERSON ELECTRIC CO.
NEMA THREE PHASE AC HORIZONTAL MOTORHOME STUDY COURSE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction.................................................................................................................................1Chapter 1- AC Motor Fundamentals
Electromagnetism...........................................................................................................................................1AC Motor Components...................................................................................................................................4Principles of Operation...................................................................................................................................5AC Motor Fundamentals - Quiz.......................................................................................................................6
Chapter 2 - The Nameplate
Industry Standards.........................................................................................................................................7Nameplate Data..............................................................................................................................................7Load Considerations......................................................................................................................................14Additional Motor Data....................................................................................................................................17The Nameplate - Quiz....................................................................................................................................27
Chapter 3 - Application Considerations
Variable Frequency........................................................................................................................................28Environmental Considerations........................................................................................................................31Efficiency and Energy Legislation..................................................................................................................32Starting Methods...........................................................................................................................................35Application Considerations - Quiz...................................................................................................................40
Chapter 4 - Product Offering
Standard and Premium Efficient Open Dripproof Motors..................................................................................42Standard and Premium Efficient Totally Enclosed Motors................................................................................43Hostile Environment Motors...........................................................................................................................44841 Plus........................................................................................................................................................45Explosionproof Motors...................................................................................................................................45“C” Face and Pump Motors.............................................................................................................................48Special Purpose Motors.................................................................................................................................48U.S. MotorsProduct Offering - Quiz...............................................................................................................52
General Formulas and Conversion Tables................................................................................53Quiz Answers............................................................................................................................57Glossary....................................................................................................................................61
 
U.S. ELECTRICAL MOTORS
DIVISION OF EMERSON ELECTRIC CO.
NEMA THREE PHASE AC HORIZONTAL MOTORHOME STUDY COURSE
1
INTRODUCTION
Approximately 90% of all industrial applications use three phase induction motors. Why? The standard utility service isthree phase, 60 hertz. It is the most practical motor for uses requiring over five horsepower. Special mechanical or electricalfeatures for unusual conditions can be readily incorporated into a three phase induction motor. The three phase inductionmotor is simpler, more rugged, more easily maintained and less expensive than any other motor type. It is truly the workhorseof the industry!The purpose of this home study guide is to familiarize you with AC motor fundamentals, motor terminology and the U.S.Motors product offering. AC motors are used all over the world in residential, commercial, industrial and utility applications,and U.S. Electrical Motors manufactures a wide variety of these motors for a wide variety of applications.You will find a brief quiz at the end of each section in the course - we urge you to take a few minutes to answer the questionsbefore moving to the next section. A thorough understanding of this material will give you the ability to select and price theright AC motor for you or your customer’s application.We hope that you find the format of this course user-friendly; it has been designed to provide you with simple, straightforwardanswers to your AC motors questions.
ELECTROMAGNETISM
About three thousand years ago, an unusual mineral was discovered in Asia Minor. The mineral had the ability to attract ironobjects. It was the first known magnetic material. Man-made magnets were put to practical use in about the twelfth century,but the connection between magnets and electricity was not made until the mid-1800’s. This discovery led to the inventionof the first electric motor in 1887 by John Tesla.A substance is called a magnet if it has the property of attracting materials, such as iron. Magnets are comprised of twopoles: a north pole and a south pole. These poles represent the points of maximum attraction. In the case of a bar shapedmagnet, the strongest magnetic effect is produced at each end. Magnets not only have south poles and north poles, butthey also have magnetic lines of force, often called magnetic flux.

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