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The Structure of an Academic Essay

The Structure of an Academic Essay

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Published by: cathy_mary on Mar 03, 2009
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09/24/2010

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 The structure of an academic essay
!
 There are
 
3 MAIN TYPES of ESSAY:a)DESCRIPTIVE essay(focuses on the description of anobject/character/event/place). b)REFLEXIVE essay(focuses on aPSYCOLOGICAL INTROSPECTIONon a  THEMEof general interest expressing opinions and thoughts on that topic).c)ARGUMENTATIVE essay(focuses onEXPRESSING AGREEMENTor DISAGREEMENTsustain by objective arguments, on a giventopic/quotation).
!
 
Structuring an essay
 
-an academic essay is divided into 3 PARTS:1)INTRODUCTIONgives aGENERAL VIEWthat is meant to introduce the THEME/ TOPICof the essay or it only presents theINTENTION of the writer on the ideas to follow.2)CONTENT/ THE BODY OF THE ESSAYrepresents aDETAILED PRESENTATIONof opinions, arguments, examples to sustain the topicshould consist of 2 or more paragraphs (each paragraph should introduce anew idea).3)CONCLUSIONrepresents aFINAL IDEAon the aspects presented above that restates the topic in introduction.
!
 
Linking words or expressions
 
*INTRODUCING THE TOPIC:-The topic/theme of the book/fragment/chapter is…-The book/fragment/chapter is about/speaks about/deals with/argueson/brings forward…
 
-The author/writer presents/introduces/focuses on/expresses/narrates…*CHANGING THE TOPIC:-Now, I want to speak/consider/argue…-Moving on the other/second aspect/idea/issue…-Moreover (mai mult decat atat)-Furthermore (mai departe, in plus)*REFFERING TO A CERTAIN ASPECT:-As far as…is concerned…-Concerning this aspect…-Regarding…-As regards…*POINTING SIGNIFICANCE/IMPORTANCE:-Specific adjectives/epithets:-great importance:significant,key-,outstanding,crucial/historic/ memorable,major,brilliant, (N)breakthrough(eveniment fara precedent, revolutionary).-less importance:insignificant,of a lesser importance,minor. *SEQUENCING IDEAS:-To show the beginning of a list of ex/arguments/ideas:-These come as follows:…-These are the following:…-(such) as:…-First of all/Firstly/First/In the first place…-Second of all/Secondly/Second/In the second place…-Third of all/Thirdly/Third/In the third place…-At least/In the end/Finally/Final/In the last place…*Last but not the least*EXPRESSING OPINIONS:-in my opinion…-as far as I’m concerned/I know…-as for me…-if you ask me, I would say that…-according to my knowledge/belief -I think/consider/(strongly) believe…-Personally, I…
 
*EMPHASIZING A POINT/IDEA:-Generally/In general…-As a rule…-As far as…is concerned…*EXPRESSING CERTAINTY:-Beyound any doubt/the shadow of a doubt…-There is no doubt that…-It is doubtless…*It is certain that…*GIVING EXAMPLES:-for example/instance…-let’s take as an example…-like…-namely…-I want to exemplify by…*CONTRASTING AND COMPARING:-compare/If comparing…-let’s take as a comparison…-in comparison with/comparing with…-by contrast…-on the contrary…-on the one hand…on the other hand…-as opposed to…-yet/however/nevertheless…-in spite of this/V-ing/despite this…-unlike…*CONCLUDING:-in conclusion,…-to conclude with,…-to end with,…-to sum up,..-all in all,…-on the whole,…-in brief/short,…-Briefly/Shortly,…

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