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America's Loss is the World's Gain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs

America's Loss is the World's Gain: America's New Immigrant Entrepreneurs

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Placing limits on foreign workers in the U.S. is not the answer to the country's rising unemployment rate and may undermine efforts to spur technological innovation
Placing limits on foreign workers in the U.S. is not the answer to the country's rising unemployment rate and may undermine efforts to spur technological innovation

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Published by: The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation on Mar 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/10/2014

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America’s Loss Is the World’s Gain
 
March 2009
 America’s Loss is the World’s Gain:
America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part IV
 Authors:
Vivek WadhwaAnnaLee Saxenian,Richard FreemanGary GerefAlex Salkever
 
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America’s Loss Is the World’s Gain
Authors
Vivek WadhwaExecutive in ResidencePratt School o Engineering, Duke UniversitSenior Research AssociateLabor & Worklie Program, Harvard Law SchoolAnnaLee SaxenianDean and ProessorSchool o InormationUniversity o Caliornia, Berkeley Richard FreemanHerbert Asherman Chair in Economics, Harvard UniversitDirector, Labor and Worklie Program, Harvard Law SchoolDirector, Labor Studies Program, National Bureau o Economic ResearchGary GereDirector, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness,Proessor Sociology DepartmentDuke University Alex SalkeverVisiting ResearcherMasters o Engineering Management ProgramPratt School o Engineering, Duke University 
Student research team
Liayo Wan, Anuradha Phulekar, Kevin Luo, Aishwarya Ramaswamy, Aparna Bhaskara, Karna Vishwas, PraveenKalakuntla, Rohit Naag, Nimit Shah, Lisa Valverde
Special thanks
Pete Engardio, Guillermina Jasso, Ben Rissing, John rumpbourTis research was unded in part by the Ewing Marion Kauman Foundation.Te contents o this publication are solely the responsibility o the authors.
 
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America’s Loss Is the World’s Gain
Contents
Introduction and overview
                                             1Demographic characteristics                                           2Visa status of returnees                                             2Reasons for coming to and for leaving the US                                 2Social/family factors                                               3Divergence between Indians and Chinese: children, education, and quality of life3How have they done professionally since returning?  4Where are the best entrepreneurial opportunities?  4In what areas is the US better?                                         4Can the US attract these returnees back?                                   4
Conclusions and Interpretation
                                           6
Background
                                                     8Momentum and catalyst for contracting R&D 8
Methodology
                                                    9
Detailed survey tabulations and results
                                      10Characteristics of returnees: age, sex, nationality, marital status, and family                  10Figure 1: Ages of respondents upon return home                              10Figure 2: Sexes of respondents 10Figure 3: Respondents’ marital status                                    10
Academic degrees and occupation
                                         10
Figure4:Highestqualication
                                        10Figure 5: Industries of respondents’ employment back home                        11
Visa status last held in the U.S.
                                           11Figure 6: Visa status of returnees   11
Year of return to home country
                                           11Figure 7: Year returned home   11
Reasons for migrating to the U.S.
                                          11Figure 8: Average rating of factors contributing to decision to migrate to the US  12Figure 9: Professional development                                     12Figure 10: Educational development                                     12Figure 11: Quality of life   12Figure 12: Better infrastructure and facilities in the US                           12Figure 13: Higher compensation in the US                                 12Figure 14: Lack of jobs in home country                                   13
Reasons for returning home: professional growth and family/social issues—not visas
               13Professional growth                                              13Figure 15: Average response values for reasons for returning to home country  13Figure 16: Better professional opportunities at home than in the US  13

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