Liaison Committee of Communist Workers Group(NZ)&Humanist Workers for Revolutionary Socialism(US)
Cuba for Sale
Cuba is going through the process of capitalistrestoration. The Cuban Communist Party Congressheld in April 2011 resolved to make major changesfor the Cuban economy to overcome its stagnation.They represent a wholesale embrace of the capitalistmarket. No longer limited to the ‘internationalsector’ where foreign corporates have made jointventures with state corporates for years, but for thewhole economy. Cubans are now being encouragedto adopt market practices such as buying state property as private property and employing wageworkers. Thus the capitalist market will replacestate allocation of resources as the main mechanismof the economy. Marxists analyze this as a shiftfrom state planning to the law of value, and hence ashift from a Workers State, albeit deformed from its birth in 1959, to a Capitalist State.The Cuban bureaucracy has ruled in place of workers, and thus deformed the character of theworkers state since the revolution. It has played acounter-revolutionary role in the class struggle sinceit became dependent on the Soviet Union in theearly 1960s. Cuba modeled itself on that StalinistDegenerated Workers State and its theory of ‘socialism in one country’ cutting itself off from theworkers in the rest of Latin America and Africawhere it consistently backed the national bourgeoisleaderships against popular anti-imperialiststruggles.To cite one glaring example, Castro visited Chile to back Allende’s parliamentary road to socialismagainst the independent armed struggle of theorganized workers. The Pinochet coup was theresult. Despite its loyalty to the Soviet Union the parasite bureaucrats of the Cuban CP learned thelesson from its collapse that workers’ propertycould no longer allow it to extract its privilegesfrom workers labor. But to avoid the fate of theUSSR which opened itself up to capitalism bymeans of rapid ‘shock treatment’, Cuba lookedtowards China’s gradual restoration of capitalism. It began to open a sector of the economy to foreign private investment and found that the new marketrelations with imperialism were much morelucrative for the bureaucracy than trying to defendthe planned economy. So it now seeks to completethe process and turn itself into a new bourgeoisclass. The April Cuban CP Congress marks adecisive break from the revolution and the sealingof the capitalist counter-revolution as a worldhistoric defeat of the international working class.
Following China’s ‘capitalist road’
The Cuban bureaucracy, desperate to become a new bourgeoisie has ‘sold’ capitalist restoration usingthe same language as that used by the Chinese CP tocover its restoration of capitalism - 'marketsocialism'. China underwent a deformed workersrevolution in 1949 where the bourgeoisie wereoverthrown and expropriated, but where the bureaucracy usurped the working class to rule‘Communist China’ as a privileged caste living off workers labor. But the planned economy underwentlong term stagnation due to its isolation from theworld economy and its failure to develop the forcesof production.A faction of the bureaucracy ‘the capitalist roaders’took power and opened up the economy to thecapitalist market. Resistance to restoration wasdecisively suppressed at Tiananmen in 1989. In1992 at the Chinese CP Congress and at the political committee meeting that immediatelyfollowed the Chinese bureaucracy formally took thedecision to restore capitalism and the law of valueto organize the economy in place of the state plan.The CCP ‘sold’ this fateful decision as ‘marketsocialism’ to disguise the end of the DeformedWorkers State and the emergence of a new capitaliststate.Since that time China has reintroduced capitalism inthe whole of the economy. It encouraged imperialist powers to play a central role in revolutionizing production in the export sectors, rapidlyaccumulated capital in the state sector and adoptednew technology. Today China is an emergingimperialist economy now recognized not only as aneconomic rival to the US and EU imperialist powers, but also a political rival that has become amodel for many semi-colonial countries to break away from the domination of US and EU powers.This is clearly the case in Cuba where the CastoiteCP since the demise of the Soviet Union has lookedto China as the ‘socialist’ alternative to USimperialism, and thus a successful model for Cubato follow along its own ‘capitalist road’.
Chavista Popular Front
Cuba’s ‘capitalist road’ converges with the muchvaunted Chavista '21st century socialism'. This isthe key to the defeat of Latin American workerswhich is necessary to allow Cuba to complete itshistoric counter-revolution. Chavez’ Bolivarianrevolution in Venezuela (and which leads theALBA countries including Bolivia and Ecuador)has trapped Latin American workers behind a popular front with China. Chavez famously talks of walking hand in hand with China towards ‘21
century socialism’. It is the counter-revolutionaryrole of the Chavista popular front in Latin Americathat allows Cuba to complete a historic counter-revolution by the Chinese method of many defeatsand repressions of workers over the decades and