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Unit 25 Thinking and Creativity

Unit 25 Thinking and Creativity

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Published by Ilanna
This is a copyright lesson for FYI Online Learning (fyionlinelearning.com). It was one lesson that was part of a much larger program on a wide range of issues related to basic psychology. This is entitled Thinking and Creativity and explores the connections between the physiological and the psychological.
This is a copyright lesson for FYI Online Learning (fyionlinelearning.com). It was one lesson that was part of a much larger program on a wide range of issues related to basic psychology. This is entitled Thinking and Creativity and explores the connections between the physiological and the psychological.

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Published by: Ilanna on Mar 04, 2009
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CourseLessonNumberLesson TitleAuthor
DevelopmentState
Date
Psychology 25Thinking &CreativityIlanna S.MandelOctober 13,2008CONTENT STANDARD IVC-2: Strategies and obstaclesinvolved in problem solving anddecision-makingIVC-2.2 Explain the use of creative thinking in problemsolving.
Discussing how creative thinking strategies, such as divergentthinking, and restructuring, are used in problem solvingDescribing the effects of social factors on problem solving
1.Prepare Phase
OPENING REMARKS:
Did you ever wonder how some of the world’s greatest ideas came to be? When you hear the announcements for the Nobel Prizes, do you stop and think; “I wonder how someonecame up with those incredible solutions to such complicated problems? Since the dawn ohuman history, we have used our ability to think to connect the dots. At the dawn of civilization it was practical but simple ideas such as how to get food, shelter and clothing.Over the centuries, the problems have become enormously more complex – how to live peacefully in the age of nuclear weapons, how to solve the problems of global warmingand prevent humanity from disappearing altogether. Still, the cognitive process is thesame. There is a
connection between thinking and creativity. Creativity is the abilityto invent or imagine something new. This can be in any domain such as art, music,engineering, science, medicine, economics and any other area you can think of.Prerequisite skills
a. Describing the steps involved in the problem-solving process b. Providing examples of how algorithms, heuristics, and insight are used in problemsolving
 
Lesson Expectations
a. The connections between creative thinking strategies, such as divergent thinking, andrestructuring and how they are used in problem solving b. Understanding the effects of social factors on problem solving
Key TermsConvergent Thinking
is oriented towards deriving the single best (or correct) answer toa clearly defined question. It emphasizes speed, accuracy, logic, and the like, and focuseson accumulating information, recognizing the familiar, reapplying set techniques, and preserving the already known.
Divergence
is usually indicated by the ability to generate many, or more complex or complicated, ideas from one idea or from simple ideas or triggers.
Divergent Thinking
is a thought process or method, which is usually applied with thegoal to generate ideas. It is often used for creativeandproblem solvingpurposes.  
Thinking
involves the cerebral manipulation of information,as when we formconcepts, engage in problem solving,reasonand makedecisions.  
2. Deliver & Practice Phase
EXERCISE 1.
Here are some modern devices we all take for granted. But, at some point, someone hadto invent or create them. Without inventors, without people who are willing and able to“think outside the box”, there would be no inventions to make our lives easier. Take alook at this list. CHOOSE FIVE OF THESE INVENTIONS. LOOK UP THE DATESTHAT THEY FIRST CAME INTO BEING AND WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR INVENTING THEM.1. Toaster 2. Telephone3. Television4. Vacuum5. Oven6. Refrigerator 7. Microwave Oven
 
8. CAT Scan9. MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging10. Movie Camera NOW, let’s get creative! Look at your list again. Now, try to imagine your life withoutthese inventions. What would it be like? What would be missing?WRITE 2-3 PARAGRAPHS ABOUT LIFE WITHOUT EACH OF THESE SPECIFICINVENTIONS.
DIVERGENT THINKING
 Methods and Techniques
 brainstorming
 breaking components into sections for modular analysis
keeping a journal
freewriting
mind and subject mapping
great thinking
taking time to think 
art work 
KEY ASPECTS OF DIVERGENT THINKING*Fluency
- The ability to generate a number of ideas so that there is an increase of  possible solutions or related products.
Flexibility
- The ability to produce different categories or perceptions whereby there area variety of different ideas about the same problem or thing.
Elaboration
- The ability to add to, embellish, or build off of an idea or product.
Originality
- The ability to create fresh, unique, unusual, totally new, or extremelydifferent ideas or products
Complexity
- The ability to conceptualize difficult, intricate, many layered or multifaceted ideas or products.
Risk-taking
- The willingness to be courageous, adventuresome, daring -- trying newthings or taking risks in order to stand apart.
Imagination
- The ability to dream up, invent, or to see, to think, to conceptualize newideas or products
to be ingenious.

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