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The Aryan problem- new approaches and views
 by A. Askarov

The Aryan problem- new approaches and views
 by A. Askarov

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Published by Üntaç Güner
The Aryan problem: new approaches andviews
History of Uzbekistan in archeological and written sources
”FAN”, Tashkent 2005
The Aryan problem: new approaches andviews
History of Uzbekistan in archeological and written sources
”FAN”, Tashkent 2005

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Published by: Üntaç Güner on Mar 10, 2013
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The Aryan problem: new approaches andviews
History of Uzbekistan in archeological and written sources
”FAN”, Tashkent 2005
Academician of the Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences Prof. A.Askarov addresses thecontroversial subject of the Arian phenomenon in conjunction with the Türkic history. Thetext is a double translation from the Uzbek to Russian, and then to English. Though someinaccuracies may result from incorrectly transmitted idiosyncrasies of the terms and grammarin the double translation, the gist of the matter and the logic of the arguments are loud andclear.Posting notes arein blue, or inblue boxes.
The Aryan problem: new approaches and views
Unedited machine translation of a preamble section
In a historical science representation that agrees ancient written sources (the Rigveda wasformed and Avesta) Iran and India in the middle of II thousand up to have been AD wonAriansi. On a question that, what ” whom were Arians? ” In XIX century on the base of thelinguistic analysis of texts of ”Rigveda” and ”Avesta” experts on historical linguisticsasserted{approved}, that they in antiquity Indo-Iranian tribes which conducted pastushesky away of life, gods of an Indo-Iranian pantheon carry epithets ” vladika extensive pastures ”, ”sending prekrasnokonnoe riches ”; in their prays inverted to gods ” ask to irrigate pastures, togrant horses and bulls ”; in a victim him{it} bring horses, bulls and rams; gods are
chariots (from here follows, that Indo-Iranians were well familiar with chariots).Obshcheindoiranskimi names of different types of wheel transport are: chariots, its{her}parts, a harness, the name of clothes of nomads - stepnjakov (Smirnov, Kuzmina, 1987, p. 52;Geiger, 1882; Oldenberg, 1894).This economic - household picture of Indo-Iranian tribes, harakterizovannaja on the base of 
(Kuzmina, 1974, pp. 42-45; Kupper, 1957; 1959, p. 152). Even archeologists managed to
the diseased Arian should be a huge kurgan in view of his{its} prestigious position in asociety (on similarity of kurgan Soloha, Arzhana, Tegiskena,
-25, Sacks - both,etc.); second, the tomb Arian is in the central part under a kurgan with rich funeral stock andto a matching military armour; in - tretih, the tomb Arian is accompanied violently killed
of his{its} wives with rich funeral stock and a gold chariot.On the base of these attributes, characteristic for Arian, archeologists aspired to prove a
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Indo-Iranian tribes; that the legendary river Ranha there was an Iranian name of the mother of 
were carried out; the Abaev, 1949; it{him}, 1972; Axes, Trubachev, 1962; Strizhak, 1965;
In 1960th years among archeologists and linguists the hypothesis about moving Indo-Iranians
121-124; Grantovsky, 1970, pp. 351-358; Gafurov, 1972, pp. 27-33; Smirnov, Kuzmina,1977, p. 52). According to this hypothesis, obitavshchiesja before in a lower reaches of Don
117-118) appear on basins of Volga and assimilate with local tribes (Smirnov, Kuzmina,
southeast Urals new archeological complexes were formed, one of which is novokumaksky a
novokumakskogo type are genetically connected with alakulskimi monuments and ancient
as well as at Andronovtsev are identical, in both cases the diseased of solvent members of asociety zhertvoprinosjat a horse or bychka and the ram.Thus, K.F.Smirnov and E.E.Kuzmina came to a conclusion , that in the decision of an Indo-Iranian problem a huge role the western pulse which promoted to formationnovokumakskogo an archeological complex Andronov cultures (Smirnov, Kuzmina, 1977, p.
Andronov cultures many other archeologists speak also. Such conclusion has won With
considered, that carriers Andronov most likely spoke cultures on one of the most ancientdialects of Türkic languages (Tchernikov, 1957, the page), then wrote, that Andronovansprobably belong ethnic to polyglot tribes (Tchernikov 1960, p. 112).However his{its} sights under both versions also did not arrange with supporters of thetheory ”evropatsentrizma”. On the contrary, his{its} opponents resulted new and newreasons, agrees which, as though convincingly prove genetic relationship between Timber-
1957; it{him}, 1964; Kuzmina, 1963; Akishev, 1973, page 43-58). However, such hypothesishints on racial and cultural unity of peoples, languages making to Indo-European system.Actually, on the base of archeological sources it is possible to judge not language of carriersTimber-Grave and Andronov cultures, and only about economic and their household life for
under such hypotheses the political aspect of the theory ”evropatsentrizma” lays, agreeswhich European countries have ” a lawful base ” to win Asian and African peoples. Racist
3,1950, page 3), but his{its} colonial essence has remained in a shadow. If to accept inattention, that colonizer policy of the Russian state in the sides to the east, king IvanGroznogo started from the period (up to 16 centuries Slavs were settled in the East up to Ural
Page 2/13
question to become clear, that the theory ”evropatsentrizma” on souls was also to policies of 
Start of edited section
In accordance with Rigveda and Avesta, the word ”arian” initially were called localIranian-lingual tribes and meant ”aliens”, ”foreigner”, ”conqueror”, then it obtained ameaning of ”owner”, ”aristocrat”, ”master”. The country ”Ariyanam Vaija” of the Arians was
months there are wintery, two months are summer months, and in these (winter months) thewaters are cold, the earth is cold, in the middle of winter the plants are cold there; when the
Tolstov allows that the river Daitya maybe the Avesta name for Amu Darya. If so, the ancient
with cattle and pastures.In our concept, the territory of the ”Ariyanam Vaija” is very wide, i.e. extends in the
border in accordance with Avesta is bound by forests with winter periods lasting up to ten
breeding developed horse husbandry. Horse husbandry is an important factor in the transitionfrom the local cattle breedings to nomadic husbandry. It brought about a cardinal change insocial and economic life of the society. The fruits appeared
in the structure of a cattlebreeding community: large private property horse property, and leaders in whose handsconcentrated tens cattle corrals.It is known that in a cattle economy, in comparison with agricultural, the process of aproperty inequality is fairly intensive. For this reason,the cattlemen
faced a vital task of protecting and pasturing of cattle, for expansion and acquisition of new pastures to tender tothe intensively growing nomadic husbandry, which resulted a creation of military cavalrywithin the cattle breeding communities. That happened naturally in the middle of the 2nd
In the social life of society, they constituted a free, mobile military stratum of the ownersof numerous cattle. This layer and the close members of their families, in contrast with theirlay fellow tribesmen, were called in Avesta ”azads” i.e. arians. Their land was a ”country of Arians”, ”Aryan expances”, ”Ariana” i.e. the ”Ariyanam Vaija”. The main wealth of thepopulation of that country was cattle husbandry, i.e. a small and large horned livestock +horse and camel. The daily household life of them was built on the base of steppeenvironment of the nomadic communities.
large cattle owner has no limits. The opportunities of the military democracy period, thetransitive stage from a primitive-communal system to the initial class society, provoked
such situations cavalry needs mobile and dexterous, strong and sturdy military bogatyr riderswith initiative and judiciousness. A predominant nomadic cattle husbandry lifestyle opened
to the traditions is distinctive among the Türkic-lingual tribes in the Eurasian steppes.
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