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5. exhumed or resurrected landscapes
It is in liquid form
possess FOSSIL MAGNETISM or PALEOMAGNETISM
1) Geometric part and
2) Kinematic part
3. Hot Spots
a. Young mountain building
b. Old mountain building
PLAINS AND UPLANDS
“As the differential erosional agents act upon the earth’s surface there is
produced an orderly sequence of landforms having distinctive characteristics
PENCK’S BACKWASTING AND DAVIS’ DOWNWASTING
PENCK’S PRIMARUUMPF AND CYCLE FO EROSION:
COMPARISON WITH DAVIS’ CYCLE OF EROSION AND PENEPLAIN
CONCEPT
DRAINAGE:
Youth
Maturity
Old Stage
VALLEY PROFILE
Youth:
ARID CYCLE OF EROSION
THE STAGE OF MATURIETY
SPRINGS
ROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH GROUNDWATER WITHDRAWAL
SALTWATER CONTAMINATION
GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATION
Some theories on origin of the earth
CLASSIFICATIN OF EARTH MOVEMENTS
EARTH MOVEMENT
SEA FLOOR SPREADING (Hess, Dietz 1962)
CAUSES OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
PRODUCTS OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
EFFECTS OF VOLCANISM ON HUMAN ACTIVITY
DISTRIBUTION OF VOLCANOES
EARTHQUAKE
ROCKS
SOME ROCK- FORMING MINERALS
IGNEOUS ROCKS
B. Based on their chemical composition, the igneous rocks can be of four
The igneous rocks can be of two types, if the presence of acid forming
On the basis of texture, igneous rocks could be divided into various types
(the texture of a rock is shown by size, shape and arrangement of the
E. Finally, based on the form the molten magma acquires after cooling,
igneous rocks could be divided into several types
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF IGNEOUS ROCKS
ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF IGNEOUS ROCKS
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
MECHANICALLY FORMED SEDIMENTARY ROCKS These rocks are
CHEMICALLY FORMED SEDEMENTARY ROCKS After coming in
ORGANICALLY FORMED SEDEMENTARY ROCKS These rocks are
CHIEF CHARACTERISTICS OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
SPREAD OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN INDIA The alluvial deposits in
ECONOMIC SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
METAMORPHIC ROCKS
CAUSES OF METAMORPHISM Metamorphism may happen due to
several causes
OROGENIC (MOUNTAIN BUILDING) MOVEMENTS Such movements
ACTION OF UNDERGROUND WATER The chemical action of
SUPERIMPOSED AND ANTECEDENT DRAINAGE
There can be various types of drainage patterns
A GENETIC CLASSIFICATION OF STREAMS
FLUVIAL LANDFORMS
DEPOSITIONAL LANDFORMS
FLUVIAL CYCLE OF EROSION
Glacial Landforms and Cycle of Erosion
EROSIONAL LANDFORMS
MAMMILLATED FIELD
GLACIAL CYCLE OR EROSIN
YOUTH
MATURITY
OLD AGE
Marine landforms and Cycle of Erosion
Fault coastline
MARINE CYCLE EROSION
CONDITIONS ESSENTIAL FOR FULL DEVELOPMENT OF KARST
TOPOGRAPHY
KARST LANDFORMS
valleys may have surface streams and may be used for agriculture
THE KARST CYCLE OF EROSION
Rejuvenated and Polycyclic Landforms
INSTANCES OF POLYCYCLIC LANDFORMS
REJUVENATED LANDFORMS
TREPPEN CONCEPT
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND MINERAL EXPLORATION mineral deposits are
SURFACE EXPRESSION OF ORE BODIES
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND ENGINEERING WORKS engineering works
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND MILITARY GEOLOGY
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND URBANISATION
GEOMORPHOLOGY AND HAZARD MANAGEMENT Event, natural or
MOUNTAIN BUILDING (OROGENY)
CLASSIFICATION OF MOUNTAINS
2.On the basis of location
3. On the basis of period of origin
4. On the basis of mode of origin
BLOCK MOUNTAINS
THEORIES
EROSION THEORY
FOLD MOUNTAINS
Characteristics of fold mountains
PLATE TECTONICS AND MOUNTAIN BUILDING PROCESSES
OCEAN –OCEAN CONVERGENCE OR THE ISLAND –ARC
CONVERGENCE
CONTINENT-OCEAN CONVERGENCE OR THE CORDILLERAN
CONTINENT –CONTINENT CONVERGENCE OR THE HIMALAYAN
CONTINENT-ARC CONVERGENCE OR NEW GUINEA
IV. THE ARID CYCLE OF EROSION
EROSIONAL WORKS OF WIND
EROSOPNAL LANDFORMS
DEFLATION BASINS
MUSHROOM ROCKS
INSELBERGS
DEMOISELLES
ZEUGEN
YARDANGS
VENTIFACTS AND DREIKANTER
WIND BRIDGES AND WINDOWS
SAND DUNES
faces
Some of the forms are discussed below :
V.GROUNDWATER
SOURCES OF GROUNDWATER
(i) CONNATE WATER
(ii) METEORIC WATER
(iii) JUVENILE WATER
(iv) CONDENSATIONAL WATER
CONTROLLING FACTORS OF THE OCCURRENCE OF
CLIMATE
TYPES OF MATERIALS
NATURE AND MOVEMENT OF GROUNDWATER
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Optional-Geography-1-Geomorphology.pdf

Optional-Geography-1-Geomorphology.pdf

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Published by: Satish PS on Mar 10, 2013
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