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Perry: Amicus Brief of National Women's Law Center et al.

Perry: Amicus Brief of National Women's Law Center et al.

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Published by Equality Case Files
Hollingsworth v. Perry: Amicus brief of National Women's Law Center, et al., in support of Plaintiffs
Hollingsworth v. Perry: Amicus brief of National Women's Law Center, et al., in support of Plaintiffs

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Equality Case Files on Mar 11, 2013
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03/11/2013

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No. 12-144
I
N
T
HE
 
Supreme Court of the United States
 ________________ 
D
ENNIS
H
OLLINGSWORTH
,
ET AL
.,
 Petitioners,
 v.
RISTIN
M.
 
P
ERRY 
,
ET AL
.,
Respondents.
  ________________ 
ON WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT 
 
 ________________ 
BRIEF OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
NATIONAL WOMEN’S LAW 
CENTER, WILLIAMS INSTITUTE SCHOLARS OF SEXUALORIENTATION AND GENDER LAW, AND
 WOMEN’S L
EGAL GROUPS IN SUPPORT OFRESPONDENTS ON THE MERITS
 ________________ 
M
 ARCIA 
D.
 
G
REENBERGER
 E
MILY 
J.
 
M
 ARTIN
 N
 ATIONAL
W
OMEN
S
L
 AW
C
ENTER
 11 Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 800Washington, D.C. 20036(202) 588-5180B
 ARBARA 
B.
 
B
ROWN
 S
TEPHEN
B.
 
INNAIRD
 J
EFFREY 
S.
 
H
 ABER
 J
ENNIFER
S.
 
B
 ALDOCCHI
 P
 AUL
H
 ASTINGS
LLP875 15
th
Street, N.W.Washington, D.C. 20005(202) 551-1700D
 AVID
C.
 
C
ODELL
 
Counsel of Record
L
EGAL
D
IRECTOR
 T
HE
W
ILLIAMS
I
NSTITUTE
 UCLA 
 
S
CHOOL OF
L
 AW
 Box 951476Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476(310) 267-4382david@codell.com
Counsel for Amici Curiae
 
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
 TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ...................................... iiiSTATEMENT OF INTERESTS OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
............................................................ 1SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT .................................... 1 ARGUMENT ............................................................... 3 A.
The Constitution’s Equal Protection
Principle Requires that Courts Subjectto Heightened Scrutiny Laws by Whichthe Government Seeks to Require Adherence to Gender Stereotypes ................... 7B. Marriage Laws Once Enforced GenderStereotypes in Ways That Came To BeUnderstood to Violate Equal ProtectionGuarantees ..................................................... 141. Laws related to marriage oncereflected and enforced genderstereotypes defining married
men’s and women’s distinctly
separate roles in the family ................ 142. Laws prescribing separate rolesfor women and men in marriagehave failed heightened scrutinybecause of their reliance ongender stereotypes............................... 17C. Like Laws that Discriminate Based onSex, Laws that Discriminate Based onSexual Orientation Frequently AreBased on Gender Stereotypes ........................ 19
 
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS(continued)Page
 1. Discrimination against gay andlesbian persons typically reflectsassumptions that heterosexualrelationships are preferred ................. 192. Marriage laws that discriminatebased on sexual orientation arebased on stereotypes about therelationship roles and preferencesof men and women ............................... 273. Attempts to justify discriminatorymarriage laws by reference to thesupposed desirability of childrenbeing raised by both a mother anda father are based on stereotypesabout the capacities of women andmen. ..................................................... 30D. Laws that Discriminate Based on SexualOrientation Are Rooted in ImpermissibleGender Stereotypes and Should BeSubject to Heightened Scrutiny..................... 33CONCLUSION ......................................................... 36 APPENDIX ............................................................... 1a

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