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Density Based Traffic Signal Control With Power Saver Street Light

Density Based Traffic Signal Control With Power Saver Street Light

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Published by Mohd Shahzad

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Published by: Mohd Shahzad on Mar 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/09/2014

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DENSITY BASED TRAFFIC SIGNAL CONTROL WITHPOWER SAVER STREET LIGHT
INTRODUCTION
Normally, we will have the traffic signal lights programmed for a particular time intervals. But, here we will generate the traffic light signals based on the traffic, on the particular time. This type of traffic light signaling isnow a day used in all the metropolitans.In present days power conservation or saving is one of the main issues of this country, there are lot of techniques employed to reduce the power consumption, and here we take example of street light management system anda small solution for way to reduce power consumption using presenttechnologies.
DESCRIPTION
To monitor the density of the traffic, we will be keeping the few IR Sensors in the besides the road and depends upon the signals from the sensorsthe timing of the traffic signals will be changed. The sensors output is given to acomparator to digitize the output.
Street light
is a system which is used to manage the street light and alsoaim to save power from unnecessary usage.Initially all the street light’s are off from morning 6 AM to 6 PM. Thenall street light is ON for period of 6PM to 10PM.
 
After 10PM street lights will
 
 be alternately switched ON and OFF for every 30 minutes up to 6AM. Becausenormally people are outside nearly up to 10PM after 10 PM to morning 6AMThis is automated system which will automatically control the operationof street lights using LDR and timers; it will control the light ON and OFFsequences. Here we using microcontroller for controlling street light operation.The heart of the embedded system is the microcontroller. 8051architecture based P89V51RD2 microcontroller from NxP is used to implementthis project. Microcontroller acts as the heart of the project, which controls thewhole system. It contains 1k RAM, 64k Flash, 3 Timers, 2 external interrupts, 1UART, 32 GPIO’s, ISP programming support etc. KEIL IDE is used to programthe microcontroller and the coding will be done using Embedded C.
 
BLOCK DIAGRAM
 
TRAFFIC DENSITYSTREET LIGHT

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