Introduction and review

Summary

Problems

Exercise 0: Models and idealization

Scaling and estimation

Velocity and relative
motion

Acceleration and free fall

Force and motion

Analysis of forces

Vectors

7.4 Unit vector notation

7.5 Rotational invariance

Vectors and motion

8.1 The velocity vector

8.2 The acceleration vector

8.3 The force vector and simple machines

Exercise 8: Vectors and motion

Circular motion

9.1 Conceptual framework

9.2 Uniform circular motion

9.3 Nonuniform circular motion

10.1 Kepler’s laws

10.2 Newton’s law of gravity

10.3 Apparent weightlessness

10.5 Weighing the earth

10.6 Dark energy

Exercise 10: The shell theorem

Conservation of energy

11.2 Energy

11.3 A numerical scale of energy

11.4 Kinetic energy

11.5 Power

Simplifying the energy zoo

12.1 Heat is kinetic energy

12.3 All energy is potential or kinetic

13.2 Work in three dimensions

13.3 Varying force

13.5 Work and potential energy

13.7 The dot product

14.1 Momentum

14.2 Collisions in one dimension

14.4 Momentum transfer

14.5 Momentum in three dimensions

Thermodynamics

Vibrations

Exercise 17: Vibrations

Exercise 18: Resonance

Free waves

Three essential mathematical skills

Photo credits for volume 1

Electricity and circuits

21.1 The quest for the atomic force

21.2 Electrical forces

21.3 Current

21.4 Circuits

21.5 Voltage

21.6 Resistance

21.8 Series and parallel circuits

Exercise 21A: Electrical measurements

Exercise 21B: Voltage and
current

Exercise 21C: Reasoning about circuits

The nonmechanical
universe

22.1 The stage and the actors

22.2 The gravitational ﬁeld

22.3 The electric ﬁeld

22.4 Calculating energy in ﬁelds

22.6 Two or three dimensions

22.7 Field lines and Gauss’s law

Exercise 22: Field vectors

Relativity and magnetism

23.2 Magnetic interactions

Electromagnetism

24.1 The magnetic ﬁeld

24.3 The universal speed c

24.4 Induction

24.5 Electromagnetic waves

24.6 Symmetry and handedness

24.7 Doppler shifts and clock time

Exercise 24: Polarization

25.1 Capacitance and inductance

25.2 Oscillations

25.3 Voltage and current

25.4 Decay

25.5 Impedance

The atom and E=mc2

26.1 Atoms

26.2 Quantization of charge

26.3 The electron

26.4 The nucleus

26.5 Relativistic mass and energy

26.6 Proofs

26.7 Tachyons

Exercise 26: Sports in Slowlightland

General relativity

27.1 Our universe isn’t Euclidean

27.2 The equivalence principle

27.3 Black holes

27.4 Cosmology

The ray model of light

28.1 The nature of light

28.2 Interaction of light with matter

28.3 The ray model of light

28.4 Geometry of specular reﬂection

Images by reﬂection

29.1 A virtual image

29.2 Curved mirrors

29.3 A real image

29.4 Images of images

Images, quantitatively

30.2 Other cases with curved mirrors

30.3 Aberrations

Exercise 30: Object and image distances

Refraction

31.1 Refraction

31.2 Lenses

31.3 The lensmaker’s equation

Wave optics

32.1 Diffraction

32.2 Scaling of diffraction

32.3 The correspondence principle

32.4 Huygens’ principle

32.5 Double-slit diffraction

32.6 Repetition

32.7 Single-slit diffraction

Exercise 32A: Double-source interference

Exercise 32B: Single-slit diffraction

Exercise 32C: Diffraction of light

Rules of randomness

33.1 Randomness isn’t random

33.2 Calculating randomness

33.3 Probability distributions

33.4 Exponential decay and half-life

Light as a particle

34.1 Evidence for light as a particle

34.2 How much light is one photon?

34.3 Wave-particle duality

34.4 Photons in three dimensions

Matter as a wave

35.1 Electrons as waves

35.3 Bound states

35.4 The uncertainty principle

The uncertainty principle

35.5 Electrons in electric ﬁelds

36.1 Classifying states

36.3 The hydrogen atom

36.4 Energies of states in hydrogen

36.5 Electron spin

36.6 Atoms with more than one electron

Photo credits for volume 2