BTEC Naonal Diploma in Creave Media Producon
Single Camera Techniques
Sound is the trickiest part of our producons as we do not have professional sound equipment that wouldenable us to record high quality audio onto a separate track and synch it later. However, now that we are inyear 2, we should never be relying on the built in microphones to capture audio—they are not good enoughand the background noise will be far too much. The quality of the audio can enhance and improve a videothat would be otherwise OK, or it can make a very well
made video appear amateurish. Do not be afraid touse the boom mic or separate microphones when lming (use the dead cat if outside).
When lming with a single camera, the shots that are lmed always require a
certain amount of overlay
;this means starng a lile earlier than the scene you are lming and running over a lile at the end to ensureall of the scene is captured. It also avoids awkward and jumpy starts. As menoned earlier, some single cameraproducons will ulise a second camera in order to capturecertain scenes or shots with lots of dialogue. As with allproducons, sound eects (Foley sounds, ambient noiseand dialogue) can be added or enhanced in post. In a mul
camera producon, it is easier to mic the characters,interviewers or interviewees individually as
a lot of mulcamera products allow for mics to be visible withinthe scene
, whereas in a single camera producon you maynd that a central microphone will suce. It is important toremember that not all dialogue used in a scene (that you would see on screen) is from the same take. It isoen the case that one take of audio is used over the top of various lmed/visual takes. Over the shouldershots, cutaways and any restricted narraon mean that you don’t always need to see the source of dialogueat all mes.
In lmmaking, coverage is an important consideraon because lm is expensive compared to digital storagedevices; therefore, discipline is called for when you're thinking what needs to be shot and what isunnecessary. With digital video recording however, the director may shoot everything, even the rehearsalsbecause the cost is not an issue and the quality of the footage when reusing a digital recording device, likean SD card, does not degrade unlike DV tapes. Of course, if you shoot a thousand hours of tape, you have tolook at it all and gure out what you need, this is where a lot of me and money is used.
How muchcoverage (angles and types of shots) you shoot depends on your budget
. However, you need toshoot certain angles and get in the necessary number of shots for each scene, to be able to make your movieviewable, no maer how small your budget. When lming with one camera it is essenal to reshoot thescene numerous mes to obtain enough coverage for the post
producon stage. How many mes have youfound you haven’t got the shot you needed when you get to eding?!Single camera coverage:
Mul camera coverage: