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Table Of Contents

Measurements and Units
The Scientific Method
References and Recommended Reading
Basic Math Terminology and Definitions
Sequence of Operations
Percent
Significant Digits
Powers and Exponents
Averages (Arithmetic Mean)
Solving for the Unknown
Ratio
Dimensional Analysis
Mass
Flow
Horsepower and Work
Area, Volume, and Density
Force, Pressure, and Head
Force and Motion
Position
Speed and Velocity
Acceleration
Force
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Work, Energy, and Momentum
Work
Energy
Momentum
Circular Motion and Gravity
Angular Motion
Angular Velocity
Angular Acceleration
Torque
Angular Momentum
Gravity
Thermal Properties and States of Matter
Thermal Properties
Specific Heat
States of Matter
The Gas Laws
Liquids and Solutions
The Atmosphere
Earth’s Overhanging Roof
The Troposphere
The Stratosphere
“Revolutionary” Science
Components of Atmospheric Air: Characteristics and Properties
Moisture in the Atmosphere
Cloud Formation
Major Cloud Types
Precipitation and Evaporation
Precipitation
Types of Precipitation
Evapotranspiration
Atmosphere in Motion
Global Air Movement
Wind Farms
Meteorology: The Science of Weather
The Sun: The Weather Generator
Air Masses
Thermal Inversions and Air Pollution
Climate Change
Setting the Stage
The Past
Earth’s Structure
What Is Geology?
Scientific Principles and Geology
Geology: Major Divisions
Earth’s Geological Processes
Planet Earth
Principal Divisions of the Earth
Key Terms
Earth’s Skeleton
Matter
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
Crystal Structure
Rock-Forming Minerals
Metallic Minerals
Radioactive Minerals
Nonmetallic Minerals
Magma
Intrusive Rocks
Extrusive Rocks
Bowen’s Reaction Series
Eruption of Magma
Intrusions
Volcanic Landforms
Thermal Areas
Sedimentary Rocks
Types of Sedimentary Rocks
United States: Coal-Shale Deposits
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks
CHEMICAL SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
Physical Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks
Sedimentary Rock Facies
Metamorphism and Deformation
Metamorphism: Source of Heat and Pressure
Types of Metamorphism
Major Metamorphic Rock Types
Metamorphic Facies
Deformation of Rock
Folding of Rocks
Deformation of the Crust: Mountain Building
Weathering
Factors That Influence Weathering
Categories of Weathering Processes
Wind Erosion, Mass Wasting, and Desertification
Wind Erosion
Wind-Driven Erosion
Wind Sediment Transport
Wind Deposition
Stratigraphic Laws
Relative versus Absolute Time
Earth’s Blood
Earth’s Blood is Life’s Blood
Historical Perspective
All about Water
How Special, Strange, and Different Is Water?
Characteristics of Water
Water’s Physical Properties
Capillary Action
The Water Cycle
Q and Q Factors
Watershed Protection
Potable Water Source
Surface Water
Groundwater Supply
Water Use
Stream Systems
Stream Genesis and Structure
Streams
Characteristics of Stream Channels
Water Flow in a Stream
Stream Water Discharge
Transport of Material (Load)
Lentic Habitat
Classification of Lakes
Oceans and Their Margins
Oceans
Ocean Tides, Currents, and Waves
Coastal Erosion, Transportation, and Deposition
Soil: Earth’s Skin and Tissue
Soil: What Is It?
All about Soil
Soil Properties
Soil Formation
Soil Characterization
Levels of Organization
Biological Diversity
Classification
Kingdoms of Life
Bacteria
Viruses
Protists
Fungi
Plants
Animals
Human Evolution
Ecosystem
Biomes
Community Ecology
Population Ecology
Flow of Energy in an Ecosystem
Tools of Geography
Five Themes of Geography
Key Points of Geographical Mapping and Location
Geodesy
Glossary
Index
About the Authors
P. 1
The Handbook of Geoscience

The Handbook of Geoscience

Ratings: (0)|Views: 186|Likes:
Published by RowmanLittlefield
Written in an engaging, highly readable style, it is ideal for students, administrators, legal professionals, non-science professionals and general readers with little or no science background, the handbook is a user-friendly overview of our physical, biological and ecological environment that offers up-to-date coverage of the major scientific fields that in combination form the structure of geoscience. Students who are enrolled in a geoscience course or one of its many subdisciplines will find this book to be an invaluable resource and reference to supplement classroom instruction and provide greater insight into many of the topics usually discussed. The emphasis is on readability, with clear, example-driven explanations refined by over 35 years of experience of instruction and student feedback.
Written in an engaging, highly readable style, it is ideal for students, administrators, legal professionals, non-science professionals and general readers with little or no science background, the handbook is a user-friendly overview of our physical, biological and ecological environment that offers up-to-date coverage of the major scientific fields that in combination form the structure of geoscience. Students who are enrolled in a geoscience course or one of its many subdisciplines will find this book to be an invaluable resource and reference to supplement classroom instruction and provide greater insight into many of the topics usually discussed. The emphasis is on readability, with clear, example-driven explanations refined by over 35 years of experience of instruction and student feedback.

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Publish date: Jan 2013
Added to Scribd: Mar 12, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780810886155
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