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Wind load calculation according to ASCE - PANAMA case

Wind load calculation according to ASCE - PANAMA case

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Example of wind load calculation according to ASCE standard; here the case of PANAMA has been considered.
Example of wind load calculation according to ASCE standard; here the case of PANAMA has been considered.

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Published by: RANDRIANARIVO on Mar 05, 2009
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07/10/2013

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WIND CODE EVALUATIONPANAMA
Evaluation conducted by Jorge Gutiérrez 
NAME OF DOCUMENT: “
Reglamento de Diseño Estructural para la Repúblicade Panamá” REP-2003 (“Structural Design Code for the Republic of Panama”).Chapter 3- Wind Loads.
 YEAR:
2003 (expected year of approval)
 GENERAL REMARKS:
The first Panamanian Structural Provisions (REP-84)were approved in 1984 and the current version dates from 1994 (REP-94). A newversion (REP-2003) has been drafted and it is in the process of final approval bythe “Junta Técnica de Ingeniería y Arquitectura” (JTIA) (Technical Board of Engineering and Architecture). Implementation is expected sometime this year (source: Ernesto Ng, Panamanian structural engineer, personal e-mailcommunication). Under the Title of “Wind Loads”, Chapter 3 of this new versioncontains specific regulations for Wind load definition, analysis and design. This isthe document that has been evaluated.
SPECIFIC ITEMS:NOTE:
Bracketed numbers refer to Code specific chapters or articles: [3.2].There are also bracketed references to the corresponding Chapters of ASCE-7-98, Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures,which is the main reference for wind in REP-2003.Parenthesis numbers refer to Items of this document: (see 1.1).
1. SCOPE1.1 Explicit Concepts and Limitations. [3.1.1; 3.1.5]
The Code applies to buildings, including their primary structural system aswell as components and claddings. It also applies to commercial signs.A minimum wind pressure of 0.48 kN/m
2
must always be considered.No reduction on wind pressure is allowed due to protection of the buildingby near by structures or by terrain conditions.
 
 1.2 Performance Objectives.
Not explicitly defined.
 2. WIND HAZARD2.1 Basic Wind Speed. [3.2; 3.4.2]
The Basic Wind Speed is defined as the 3 second gust speed at 10mabove the ground in Exposure Category C (see 2.4), corresponding to aReturn Period of 50 years. Design values for Basic Wind Speed are 115km/h for the Pacific and 140 km/h for the Caribbean [Table 3-2].
2.2 Topography. [3.3.7]
Wind effects due to sudden topography changes produced byescarpments, hills or ridges should be considered in the design. Thiseffect is quantified by the Topography Factor K
zt
given by the followingequation:K
zt
= (1 + K
1
K
2
K
3
)
2
 Values for K
1
, K
2
, K
3
are given in a figure [Fig.3-1, identical to Fig. 6.2 of ASCE 7-98]
2.3 Height above Ground (Case Specific). [3.3.6.2]
This effect is defined by the Velocity Pressure Exposure Coefficient K
z
(or K
h
) which is a function of the Exposure Category (see 2.4) as defined bythe following Table [identical to Table 6.5 of ASCE 7-98]:
Velocity Pressure Coefficients K
z
ans K
h
 
[Table 3.5]
 Exposure Categories
(see 2.4)
Height aboveground level, zA B C D
m (ft) Case 1 Case 2 Case 1 Case 2 Cases 1 y 2 Cases 1 y 20 4.6 (0 15) 0.68 0.32 0.70 0.57 0.85 1.036.1 (20) 0.68 0.36 0.70 0.62 0.90 1.087.6 (25) 0.68 0.39 0.70 0.66 0.94 1.129.1 (30) 0.68 0.42 0.70 0.70 0.98 1.1612.2 (40) 0.68 0.47 0.76 0.76 1.04 1.2215.2 (50) 0.68 0.52 0.81 0.81 1.09 1.2718.0 (60) 0.68 0.55 0.85 0.85 1.13 1.31
2
 
Exposure Categories
(see 2.4)
Height aboveground level, zA B C D
m (ft) Case 1 Case 2 Case 1 Case 2 Cases 1 y 2 Cases 1 y 221.3 (70) 0.68 0.59 0.89 0.89 1.17 1.3424.4 (80) 0.68 0.62 0.93 0.93 1.21 1.3827.4 (90) 0.68 0.65 0.96 0.96 1.24 1.4030.5 (100) 0.68 0.68 0.99 0.99 1.26 1.4336.6 (120) 0.73 0.73 1.04 1.04 1.31 1.4842.7 (140) 0.78 0.78 1.09 1.09 1.36 1.5248.8 (160) 0.82 0.82 1.13 1.13 1.39 1.5554.9 (180) 0.86 0.86 1.17 1.17 1.43 1.5861.0 (200) 0.90 0.90 1.20 1.20 1.46 1.6176.2 (250) 0.98 0.98 1.28 1.28 1.53 1.6891.4 (300) 1.05 1.05 1.35 1.35 1.59 1.73106.7 (350) 1.12 1.12 1.41 1.41 1.64 1.78121.9 (400) 1.18 1.18 1.47 1.47 1.69 1.82137.2 (450) 1.24 1.24 1.52 1.52 1.73 1.86152.4 (500) 1.29 1.29 1.56 1.56 1.77 1.89
Notes:
 1.
Case 1:
All components and cladding.
Case 2:
All primary systems for buildings and other structures.2. Linear interpolation for intermediate z values is allowed .
The K
z
values of the Table above can be calculated with the followingequations:K
z
= 2.01 (4.6 / z
g
)
2/
α
for z < 4.6 mK
z
= 2.01 (z / z
g
)
2/
α
for 4.6 m < z < z
g
 With
α
and z
g
defined by the following Table [Table 3.6]
 
:
Exposure
α
 z
g
 
(m)
 
A 5.0 457B 7.0 366C 9.5 274D 11.5 213
2.4 Ground Roughness (Number of Exposure Categories). [3.3.6.1;3.4.2]
Four Exposure Categories (A, B, C and D) are defined [the same of ASCE-7-98, article 6.5.6.1].
3

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