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Treaty With the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa and Metis (1851)

Treaty With the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa and Metis (1851)

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In 1851 Governor Ramsey signed a Treaty with the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa that included the Half Breeds. Jean Baptiste Wilkie signed as President of the Council of Half Breeds. The rest of the Council signed as witnesses to the Treaty (Joseph Nolin, Charles Houle, Antoine Azure, Francois Renville, Baptiste Valle, Joseph Richard, Pierre Bottineau, and Baptiste La Roche ).
In 1851 Governor Ramsey signed a Treaty with the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa that included the Half Breeds. Jean Baptiste Wilkie signed as President of the Council of Half Breeds. The rest of the Council signed as witnesses to the Treaty (Joseph Nolin, Charles Houle, Antoine Azure, Francois Renville, Baptiste Valle, Joseph Richard, Pierre Bottineau, and Baptiste La Roche ).

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Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Mar 12, 2013
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12/20/2013

 
Treaty with the Pembina and Red Lake Chippewa
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Half Breed Signatories
In 1850, Major Woods reconnoitred the “North-Western Frontier of the Territory of Minnesota” at the behest of Secretary of War,
 actin! as an ad"ance #an for the treaty-#a$in! e%&editions to co#e' ' (e described his #eetin! )ith the *hi&&e)a M+tis Indians at e#binaI .r!ed the# to or!ani/e the#se"es into a band, and a&&oint their chiefs that they #i!ht ha"e so#e order and !o"ern#ent a#on!st the#se"es )ith chiefs ''' that as they )ere, if the 2nited States had any b.siness to transact )ith the#, there )as no &erson to address fro# )ho#
the wishes of the people could be obtained, &c., &c.
Major Woods aso or!ani/ed the French &eo&e he identified as haf-breeds 3n the 4th of .!.st these &eo&e had ret.rned fro# their S&rin! h.nt, and abo.t 00 of the h.nters ca#e to see #e' They had a&&ointed fo.r #en as their s&ea$ers'
 I told them that in virtue of their Indian extraction, those living on our side of the line were regarded as being in possession of the  Indians' right upon our soil 
 that they )ere on o.r frontiers treated as co#&onent &arts of the Indian tribesthat they either ca#e .nder the Indians6 a)s or re!.ations, or for#ed s.ch for the#se"es' I .r!ed the# to or!ani/e the#se"es into a band .nder a co.nci or chiefs, in"ested )ith a#&e a.thority to act in their na#e, in a #atters )hich #i!ht arise to affect their interests ''' The ne%t day they ret.rned in abo.t the sa#e n.#bers, and &resented #e )ith nine na#es as the co##ittee they had seected for the f.t.re !o"ern#ent of the haf-breed &o&.ation )ithin o.r  borders' The Metis &resented the foo)in! na#es as their eected chiefs and *o.nciors 7'' Wi$ie, 7ean ' 9.#ont, a&tiste :ae, ;d)ard (ar#on, 7ose&h <a"erd.re, 7ose&h Noin, ntoine /.re, =obert Monto.r, and a&tiste <afo.rnaise'
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S.bse?.enty @o"ernor =a#sey ne!otiated a treaty at e#bina on Se&te#ber 0, 1851' It )as not ratified by *on!ress' The (af reed si!natories )ere as foo)s Aa na#e s&ein!s as in ori!inaB
1
 >d *on!, 1
st
 sess' *onfidentia ;%' 9oc 10 1->' :ine 9eoria 7r' et a,
 Documents of American Indian Diplomacy: reaties, agreements and conventions, !""#$!%"%. ol .
 Nor#an, 3$a 2ni"ersity of 3$aho#a ress, 1CCC DC8-800' Nichoas *'' :roo#an,
he (hole country was)*ne +obe: he ittle -hell ribes America
' Montana <itte She Tribe of *hi&&e)a Indians of Montana and 9r.#.##on Instit.te, 01 C8-100'
 
Major Sa#.e Woods,
 /embina -ettlement 
, ;%ec.ti"e 9oc.#ent No' 51, (o.se of =e&resentati"es, >1st *on!ress, 1st Session'
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 3f these #en 7ean a&tiste Wi$ie, a&tiste :ae, 7ose&h <a"erd.re, 7ose&h Noin, ntoine /.re, and =obert Monto.r, re&resented the (af reeds at the ne!otiations )ith @o"ernor =a#sey in 1851'
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(ead#en si!nin!7ean attiste Wi$ieresident of the *o.nci of (af reeds7a#es Tanner Inter&reter 7ose&h NoenFrancois =ein"ie*hares (oontoine /.rea&tiste :aee7ose&h =eichardtierre ottinea.a&tiste <a =oche *o.nci and rinci&a Men of the (af reeds
Biographies of the Metis Participantsntoine !Labelle" #$re%
Eb' 1DC4ntoine /.re )as the son of 7ose&h /.re and <i/ette Ma-na-e-cha' The fa#iy is sho)n as G10, on the 1850 e#bina *ens.s' ntoine is sho)n as a!e 5H, his )ife *harotte is 58, chidren Moyese E14 and Mary nn E1>' ntoine #arried *harotte eetier, the da.!hter of ntoine eetier and Mar!.erite Sa.te.se circa 1818' (is niece, #abe /.re Eda.!hter of his brother ierre and sister-in-a) Mar!.erite ssiniboine )as #arried to (.nt eader 7ean a&tiste Wi$ie' ntoine recei"ed Metis scri& G 445 .nder the 18H4 3d *rossin! *hi&&e)a Treaty'/.re, ntoine A1805 N'W'*'B2=;, ntoine E1DC4 A1850 2'S'B North West *o#&any ayro, 1805, <ac a .ie, s.##er #id-#an, one year to ser"e, J15'C0 in debtMinnesota Territoria *ens.s, e#bina *o.nty, 185010K10 born =ed =i"er r' occ.&ation h.nter A1850 h.sband of /.re, *harotte E1DC LA1850 father of /.re, Moyese E18>H born =ed =i"er r' /.re, Mary nn E18>D born =ed =i"er r'/.re, *harotte E1DC A1850 2'S'B HC'>/.re, Mada# A18H8B HC'>dMinnesota Territoria *ens.s, e#bina *o.nty, 185010K10 born =ed =i"er r'
 
)ife of /.re, ntoine E1DC4e#bina nn.ity =o, Way $e !e $e /hic$s and, 18H814D 1 )o#an, 11 chidren J >H &aid
Pierre Bottinea$%
E181H-18C5ierre ottinea. )as born in a h.ntin! ca#& at ear oint, near the #o.th of the T.rte =i"er near )hat )as to beco#e @rand For$s, North 9a$ota' (e )as the son of an 3jib)ay #other, Mar!aret Mah 7e @)o/ Since or h-di$-Son!ab E*ear S$y
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, and a French-*anadian h.nter father, *hares 7ose&h ottinea.'
5
 In 1D8D, *hares 7ose&h ottinea. ca#e into the North)est Territory *hi&&e)a co.ntry )ith other French f.r traders' et)een 180>-1808, he )as a "oya!e.r and h.nter )ith e%ander (enry in the e#bina area' 3n 3ctober >, 180>, e%ander (enry E:o' I, &'H described Othe b.ste and noise )hich attended the trans&ortation of fi"e &ieces of !oods to the &ace )here the ho.ses )ere b.it in 1801-0' (e s&ecificay recaed *hares ottinea., )ith t)o horses and a cart oaded )ith $ettes and other trash han!in! on to it' Mada#e ottinea. )ith a s?.ay infant on her bac$, scodin! and tossin! it abo.t'6 3n Febr.ary , 180H, (enry E:o' I, &'D4 re&orted that *hares 7ose&h ottinea. and #brose ard had eft ca#& to sec.re fo.r horses stoen by the *ree Indians' “ard and ottinea. ret.rned )ith their stoen horses, after a narro) esca&e fro# bein! $ied by the *rees'”ierre !re) .& on the =ed =i"er aro.nd e#bina and the ;n!ish coonies' (e )as described as a #an o"er si% feet ta )ei!hin! abo.t t)o h.ndred &o.nds and of s)arthy co#&e%ion' (e )as a )e-$no)n !.ide for e#i!rants, traders and and s&ec.ators' ierre )as $no)n as the “9anie oone” of North 9a$ota and a co.nty is na#ed for hi# in that state' 9.rin! his ife, ierre earned to s&ea$ French, 9a$ota, ssiniboine, 3jib)ay, ains *ree, Mandan, Winneba!o and ;n!ish'ierre #arried for the first ti#e on 9ece#ber 1, 18>H, at St' oniface to @ene"ie"e <arance Eb' 1818, they had nine chidren' The nine chidren of this #arria!e )ere ierre, 7ohn, ierre Ethe first ierre had died, Marie, 9anie, =osaie, Mar!aret, <eon and ;sie, t)ins )ho died in infancy' @ene"ie"e died at St' nthony Fas on &ri C, 1851' (is second #arria!e, on 7an.ary H, 185 )as to Martha *' @er"ais Eb' 18>D' They had 14 chidren, t)o of )ho# died as infants' Their na#es )ere *hares, Martha, @eor!e, (enry, Wiia#, Sidney, ;#iie, @eor!e, Nor#an, <a.ra, 7enny, @ene"ie"e, !nes, and  Noah' ierre and 1D of his chidren recei"ed (af reed Scri& .nder the 18H4
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 so sho)n as Mar!aret Son !abo $i che ta, the sister of *hief =ed ear EMis-co-#.$-?.oh' (er father E9eonais )as a 9a$ota ca&t.red by the *hi&&e)a and her #other )as an .n$no)n *hi&&e)a )o#an' #on! those )ho si!ned the e#bina and =ed <a$e *hi&&e)a 3d *rossin! Treaty of 18H> )ere her  brother =ed ear, *hief of the e#bina, her son-in-a) 7ose&h Montre.ie, Warrior of the e#bina E#arried to their da.!hter Isabea or Miji!isi and their son ierre ottinea.'
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 *hares 7ose&h ottinea. dit Mende#oya E1DDH-184 #arried Mar!aret in 181>, her third h.sband, he )as the son of ierre ottinea. E1D>0-1DC0 and Marie-n!ei?.e Fo.rnaise dit <abo.cane'
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