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2013-02-28 Introduction to Polar

# 2013-02-28 Introduction to Polar

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03/12/2013

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`1 Name:_______________________ Date assigned:______________ Band:________Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute Introduction to a New Space
Imagine a giant yellow flat sheet of paper. Like 10 miles by 10 miles… so
gigantor
that when you’re standing somewhere
on it, you only see yellow paper for as far as the eye can see.
That’s pretty
gigantor.Now assume you wanted to describe where you are on this giant piece of paper to someone else. You have a friendsomewhere else on the paper, probably miles away, and all they can see is yellow paper for as far as the eye can see.The problem is: if all of you can only see paper
–
and not each other
–
all
around you… how do you find each other?
Indeed, a problem.
And it’s rather intractable.
1
Nothing but vast paper Some basic information to guide you on the paperHowever with some basic markings on this vast expanse of paper, you can easily get on the phone with your friend and
say: “hey, friend, I’m 2 miles east of the center and 3 miles south of the center.” And your friend can come find you at
the coordinates (2,-3).We call this wonderful invention the
rectangular coordinate system
because it divides up the page intorectangles/squares. It helps us know where things are. The way it does this is by giving us a
point of reference
(the origin)and
two axes
with which to orient ourselves from the origin.
However… it’s not the
only
way to describe a p
osition on this sheet of paper. Your entire mathematical career, you’ve
worked on the rectangular coordinate system. The (x,y) points! The distance left-right and the distance up-down
. It’s our
way of describing location in 2D space. However, there is
another way
. Today you’re going to be introduced to that
other way.
1
The fancy word for this is
isotropic

–

and it means “uniformity in all orientations.” Another way to think about it is if you were in
the blackness of space -- no stars in sight. All there was for thousands of miles in all directions was
nothingness
. That space is
isotropic. You couldn’t tell one direction from another. Same for that yellow paper! It’s just in 2D, instead of 3D space.

 
xy

`2
Section 1: Battleship

There is a second way to determine where something is in 2D space, where you don’t even
think
file titled “Battleship.”
Save it to your desktop.In this file, you should see a battleship in the plane (in 2D space). You need to identify exactly where the battleship is.
You’re at the origin, using your periscope to find the battleship.
Use the two controls at your command to find the battleship!
You know you’ve successfully located it if you see
the corny

…displayed at the bottom of your screen.
After you find the battleship, record its location below. Then closethe file, open it up, and do it two additional times.
Battleship 1 Battleship 2 Battleship 3DistanceAngle
I said that there was a different way to identify something’s location in 2D space than giving the x
-y coordinates! This isit!Look at the point below. You could identify it with the coordinates (4, 2). However, can you identify it with a distanceand an angle?
Point A
Distance:Angle:
You’re going to practice this a bit more.

`3 Distance:Angle:Distance:Angle:Distance:Angle:(To be clear, those numbers are 3.41 and 2.69)Distance:Angle: