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Lakeland Police policy for less lethal weapons

Lakeland Police policy for less lethal weapons

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Published by Janelle Irwin
Full story at wmnf.org/news
Full story at wmnf.org/news

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Published by: Janelle Irwin on Mar 12, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/08/2014

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Effective Date: 08/08/2012 Page 1 of 8
 
LAKELAND POLICE DEPARTMENTGENERAL ORDER
 
G.O. 16-7
LESS-LETHAL WEAPONS
 
ORIGINAL ISSUE:
12/01/2011
 
RESCINDS: 04/25/2012 CN 2012-005
 
AMENDED: 08/08/2012 CN 2012-007a REPORTING:ACCREDITATION STANDARDS:CALEA 1.2.2, 1.3.4, 1.3.5, 1.3.9, 1.3.10, 1.3.11, 1.3.12, 17.5.1CFA NONEASSOCIATED GENERAL ORDERS: 23-7
PURPOSE:
The purpose of this directive is to establish requirements for the use of department approved less-lethal weapons and applies to members authorized to carry anduse department approved less-lethal weapons in the performance of their official duties.This directive applies to all members authorized to carry less-lethal weapons in theperformance of their official duties.
[CALEA 1.3.4]
 
POLICY:
It is the policy of the Lakeland Police Department to strictly regulate the use of less-lethal weapons.
DEFINITIONS:
Active Physical Resistance 
 
– the exhibition or use of evasive movements directed toward anauthorized member which reasonably indicates that the subject is likely to physically opposetheir attempt to gain control or compliance. This may include, but is not limited to, bracingor tensing, attempting to push/pull away, clenching of fists, taking a “fighting stance”, orother body language indicators of not allowing the member to get close to them.
Deployment 
 
- Any activation of the ECW in either the drive-stun or probe firing mode otherthan training or testing.
Less-Lethal Force 
-
Type of force that is not likely to cause death or great bodily harm.
Less-Lethal Weapons - 
Those weapons which, when used within their design limitations, andfor their intended purpose, may not reasonably be expected to cause death or great bodilyharm.
Warning Arc 
– the display of an arc on the fully loaded Taser Model X3 as an attempt to gainvoluntary compliance of the subject without actually deploying the probes.
RULES AND PROCEDURES:16-7.1 AUTHORITY TO CARRY AND USE LESS-LETHAL WEAPONS
[CALEA 1.2.2, 1.3.4, 1.3.9]
 
A. Sworn members are authorized by the Chief of Police to carry and/or utilize less-lethal weapons and munitions in the performance of their duties.
 
Lakeland Police DepartmentGeneral Order 16-7 Less-Lethal Weapons
Effective Date: 08/08/2012 Page 2 of 8
 
B. Public Safety Aides are authorized by the Chief of Police to use department approvedaerosol deterrent in the performance of their duties as a means of self-defense orwhen necessary to prevent injury to another person.C. With the exception of authorized Public Safety Aides, non-sworn departmentmembers are not permitted to carry and use less-lethal weapons in the performanceof duty.
16-7.2 AUTHORIZATION REQUIREMENTS
A. Only members who demonstrate proficiency in the use of a particular departmentapproved less-lethal weapon are authorized to carry the respective less-lethalweapon.
[CALEA 1.3.10]
 
B. Sworn members and Public Safety Aides shall be issued copies of, and instructed in,the department’s Use of Force Policy before being authorized to carry a departmentapproved less-lethal weapon. The issuance and instruction shall be documented byGeneral Services Section personnel.
[CALEA 1.3.11]
 
16-7.3 AUTHORIZED LESS-LETHAL WEAPONS
[CALEA 1.3.4, 1.3.9]
A. Members shall only use department approved less-lethal weapons they areauthorized to carry in the performance of their duty.B. Department approved less-lethal weapons include:1. Aerosol deterrent2. Electronic Control Weapon3. Expandable baton4. Specialty Impact Weapon and MunitionsC. Sworn members assigned to the Special Weapons and Tactics Team (SWAT) areauthorized by the Chief of Police, to carry and use additional less-lethal weapons andmunitions in the performance of their duties.D. The General Services Section will maintain a current list of the types andspecifications of all less-lethal weapons and munitions approved for use byauthorized members in the performance of their duties. The list shall be available toDepartment personnel.
[CALEA 1.3.9 a]
 E. The Special Operations Section will maintain a current list of the types andspecifications of all specialty less-lethal weapons and munitions approved for use byauthorized members assigned to the SWAT team.
[CALEA 1.3.9 a]
 16-7.4 TRAINING AND PROFICIENCY
[CALEA 1.3.11]
A. Members authorized to carry a less-lethal weapon in the performance of their duties,are required to receive annual in-service training on the department’s use of force
 
Lakeland Police DepartmentGeneral Order 16-7 Less-Lethal Weapons
Effective Date: 08/08/2012 Page 3 of 8
 
policies. In-service training will include, but is not limited to the following topics:1.
 
Department policy and procedures on less-lethal weapons and the use of force.2.
 
Legal and ethical aspects.3.
 
Safe handling procedures.B. Members authorized to carry a department approved Electronic Control Weapon(ECW) will demonstrate proficiency at least once, annually. Members authorized tocarry a department approved aerosol deterrent, impact weapon, or specialty impactmunitions weapon will demonstrate proficiency at least once, every two years(biennially) with each weapon they are authorized to use.C. All less-lethal weapon proficiency training will be monitored by a certified CJSTCinstructor and documented by personnel assigned to the General Services Section.
 [CALEA 1.3.11 a, b]
 D. Members who are unable to demonstrate proficiency with any less-lethal weaponissued to them will complete remedial training, and are no longer authorized to carrythe weapon until such time as proficiency is demonstrated and documented.
[CALEA1.3.11 c]
 
16-7.5 GENERAL PROVISIONS
A. When feasible, members authorized to use less-lethal weapons, should carefullyevaluate conditions and factors they believe, or should believe, may increase asecondary action (i.e. injury from a fall) prior to the use of the weapon.B. Less-lethal weapons will not be utilized to obtain narcotics or other foreign objectsfrom a subject suspected of ingesting/inserting these items into a body cavity orswallowing them. In such cases, the member will obtain medical attention for thesubject.C. Members shall not exhibit any department approved less-lethal weapon as anintimidation device unless in the attempt to prevent further escalation of resistanceby a subject.
16-7.6 INSPECTION
A. All less-lethal weapons will be inspected by a qualified instructor/armorer to ensurethe weapon is safe, functional and operational before use. The inspection will occurduring the period recommended by the weapon’s manufacturer and/or during therequired certification and re-certification training sessions.
[CALEA 1.3.9 c]
 B. All less-lethal weapons that are defective, expired, or otherwise determined to beunsafe shall be removed from service by the qualified instructor/armorer, who willnotify the OIC of the General Services Section.
[CALEA 1.3.9 d]
 C. The OIC of the General Services Section or designee will make arrangements to issuethe member a safe, functional and operational less-lethal weapon as a replacement.

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