262 at 1)
The court calculates attorney fees pursuant to the "lodestar"approach.
Co., 203 F.3d 238, 242 (3d Cir. 2000). The lodestaramount results from multiplying the amount
time reasonably expended by reasonablehourly rates.
The court may exclude from the lodestar calculation unnecessaryhours
hours that lack proper documentation.
U.S. 424,433 (1983). The prevailing community market rates assist the court
determining areasonable hourly rate.
465 U.S. 886, 895 (1984). The prevailingparty bears the burden of establishing the reasonableness
both the time expendedand the hourly rates.
U.S. at 434;
465 U.S. at 895 n.11.
the lodestar does not end the inquiry, as the court may adjustthe lodestar upward or downward. A district court may use twelve factors
(the"Johnson factors") to adjust the lodestar.
U.S. at 434. A court "can adjustthe lodestar downward if the lodestar
light of the results obtained."
892 F.2d 1177, 1183 (3d Cir. 1990) (citing
U.S. at434-37). A court may not sua sponte reduce a request for attorney fees.
UnitedPrinceton Props., Inc.,
884 F 2d 713, 719 (3d Cir. 1989) However, "the district court
The twelve factors are: (1) the time and labor required; (2) the novelty anddifficulty
the question; (3) the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly; (4)the preclusion of other employment by the attorney due to acceptance of the case; (5)the customary fee; (6) whether the fee
contingent; (7) time limitationsimposed by the client
the circumstances; (8) the amount involved and the resultsobtained; (9) the experience, reputation, and ability
0) theundesirability of the case; (11) the nature and length of the professional relationshipwith the client; and (12) awards
488 F.2d 714, 717-19 (5th Cir. 1974).