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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Thermoacoustics
1.2 History and applications
1.2.1 Standing-wave or stack-based devices
1.2.2 Traveling-wave or regenerator-based devices
1.2.3 Special applications and phenomena
1.3 Objectives
1.4 Thesis outline
Theory and model
2.1 General thermoacoustic theory
2.1.1 Basic equations
2.1.2 Linearization
2.1.3 Velocity profile
2.1.4 Thermoacoustic continuity equation
2.1.5 Total energy flow
2.2 Model
2.2.1 Transfer matrix
2.2.2 Energy equation and temperature
2.2.3 Iteration
2.3 Thermoacoustic devices
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Stack-based devices
2.3.3 Regenerator-based devices
Electroacoustics
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Theory and model
3.2.1 Speaker equations
3.2.2 Acoustic impedance
3.3 Experimental Setup
3.4 Results
3.4.1 Empty resonator
3.4.2 Fixed speaker voltage
3.4.3 Fixed frequency
3.5 Discussion and conclusion
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Experimental Set-up
4.2.1 Microphones and speaker
4.3 Multi-microphone method
4.4 Acoustic energy losses
4.4.1 Acoustic energy flow
4.4.2 Fusco method
4.4.3 Traveling-waves method
4.4.4 Acoustic-energy-flow measurements
4.4.5 Acoustic energy losses in a stack
4.4.6 Minor losses
4.5 Minor-loss correction
4.6 Single-stack-position method
4.7 Multiple-stack-positions method
4.8 Discussion and conclusion
Temperature profile in a stack
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Experimental set-up
5.3 Model
5.3.1 Steady State model
5.3.2 Time Dependent model
5.4 Heat losses
5.5 Temperature profile measurement
5.5.1 Time dependent measurements
5.5.2 Amplitude sweep
5.5.3 Frequency sweep
5.6 Discussion and conclusion
Flow visualization in and around a stack
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Experimental Set-up
6.2.1 Perspex set-up
6.2.2 Aluminium set-up
6.2.3 Particle Image Velocimetry
6.3 A typical measurement
6.5 The influence of the plate-end shape
6.6 Numerical simulations
6.6.1 CFD model
6.6.2 Subsequent cycles
6.6.3 Minor losses
6.7 Vortex street evolution
6.8 Velocity profile in-between two plates
6.8.1 Introduction
6.8.2 A single measurement of the velocity profiles
6.8.3 Fitting procedure
6.8.5 Velocity fluctuations
6.8.6 Streaming velocity
6.9 Natural Convection
6.9.1 Scale analysis on a vertical wall
6.9.2 Measurements
6.10 Streaming
6.11 Discussion and conclusion
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Experimental set-up
7.3 Results
7.3.1 Instantaneous measurements
7.3.2 Streaming in window 2
7.3.3 Streaming in window 3
7.4 Discussion and conclusion
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Published by: bahramymohsen on Mar 14, 2013
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