Comparison of turbulent jets issuing from rectangular nozzleswith and without sidewalls
Ravinesh C. Deo
, Graham J. Nathan, Jianchun Mi
School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
Received 3 December 2006; accepted 26 June 2007
This paper reports a systematic study of a turbulent jet issuing from a rectangular slot nozzle of high-aspect ratio, AR (
are the long and short sides of the slot, respectively) tested with and without sidewalls. The solid sidewalls were ﬂush with each of the slot’s short sides vertically and extend axially along the streamwise direction of the jet. Hot-wire measurements were conducted at aReynolds number based on slot-width (
) and exit centerline velocity of
7000 (for AR = 30 and 60) and at 10,000 (for AR = 30) upto 160 h downstream. All jets have a potential core in which the local centerline velocity is approximately constant, followed by a tran-sition region and then a statistically two-dimensional (2-D) region where the centerline mean velocity,
. The potential core of the jet without sidewalls is shorter than that with sidewalls. Near ﬁeld power spectral analysis reveals that the primary vortex sheddingrate is higher for the jet without sidewalls than the jet with sidewalls. The 2-D region of the jet with sidewalls is found to extend over alonger axial distance than that of the jet without sidewalls. It is also demonstrated that both the decay and spread rates of the jet withinthe 2-D region are lower for the case with sidewalls. Beyond the 2-D region, the jet without sidewalls enters into a far ﬁeld transitionalphase and then tends to behave statistically like an axisymmetric jet with
. The centerline turbulence intensity of the jet withsidewalls becomes asymptotic closer to the nozzle exit than the jet without sidewalls. The skewness and ﬂatness factors conﬁrm furtherstatistical diﬀerences between the jet with and without sidewalls.
2007 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Plane jet; Planar jet; Rectangular jet; Eﬀect of sidewalls
The standard nozzle conﬁguration used to produce aplanar jet comprises by a rectangular slot of dimensions
and high aspect ratio, AR (
are nozzle’s long and short sides) with two parallel platesattached as sidewalls to the slot’s short sides. The sidewallsextend axially in the direction of jet propagation. Thisarrangement ensures statistical two-dimensionality becausethe jet is forced to entrain the ambient ﬂuid only in thedirection normal to the nozzle’s long sides. For instance,the early work of Heskestad, Bradburyand Gutmark
and Wygnanskiwarrant the use of sidewalls to create astatistically two-dimensional (planar) jet. In contrast, a jetissuing from a similar rectangular slot but conﬁgured with-out sidewalls are termed ‘‘rectangular’’ even though the jetis only truly rectangular at the exit plane. For example,Sforza et al., Trentacoste and Sforza, Sfeirand
Quinnhave used the terminology ‘‘rectangular jet’’ toassess the development characteristics of a jet from a rect-angular nozzles without sidewalls. We also adopt this ter-minology for consistency, where applicable in this paper.If the aspect ratio of a rectangular nozzle is suﬃcientlylarge, this jet, too, behaves like a planar jet up to a certaindownstream distance. This downstream distance,
0894-1777/$ - see front matter Crown Copyright
2007 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.doi:10.1016/j.expthermﬂusci.2007.06.009
Corresponding author. Tel.: +61 8 8303 5460; fax: +61 8 8303 4367.
Present address: Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial InformationSciences, School of Geographical Sciences and Planning, The Universityof Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia.
Present address: Department of Energy and Resource Engineering,College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science xxx (2007) xxx–xxx
ARTICLE IN PRESS
Please cite this article in press as: R.C. Deo et al., Comparison of turbulent jets issuing from rectangular nozzles ..., Exp. Therm.Fluid Sci. (2007), doi:10.1016/j.expthermﬂusci.2007.06.009