There are two main components of a sentence: the subject and the verb. Thesubject is the element that performs the action, and the verb is the action beingperformed. Here is an example:
Here the subject (Roger) performed an action (ate). We can also add additionalinformation to the sentence:
Roger ate ice cream.
Here we add the thing that the subject performed the action onto, the object.We can also add more information to explain when, where, how, etc.:
Last Wednesday, on the back porch, Roger ate ice cream.
Notice that we can add the additional information before or after the subjectand verb. We can also add information in between the subject and the verb:
Last Wednesday, on the back porch, Roger slowly ate ice cream.
The additional information in a sentence can be brief or lengthy, but it alwaysserves to simply provide more details regarding the subject or the verb.