Presently, there are disagreements by many that exist regarding Down syndrome,prenatal genetic screenings for such disorders, and the consequences that mayfollow. Some believe the testing in this manner suggests eugenic thinking byothers. Presently, about 3 million screenings of this nature are performed everyyear. The 17th edition of the Merck Manual offers some recommendations regardingprenatal screening: First, inheritance patterns should be better understood as muchas possible. Also, such genetic screenings should be performed only if effectivetherapy is currently available. The manual suggests that others define the risks of positive results from genetic screenings in order to make plans accordingly.Laws exist that require doctors to provide information and support contacts of services related to one who may be carrying an unborn child with Down syndrome.Overall, doctors are not prepared to explain the diagnosis of Down syndromethoroughly.Also, doctors have been known to embellish the negative aspects of this syndrome,and others have encouraged women who are carrying a Down syndrome fetus toterminate their pregnancies. Possibly about 20 to 30 percent of doctors suggestabortion to those who screen positive for Down syndrome. Most women take theirdoctor’s suggestion when this occurs. Yet only about half of all pregnant women choose to be tested and screened forDown syndrome. Among other reasons, present testing methods pose a risk to theunborn child due to the invasive procedures performed to rule out Down syndrome.However, newer diagnostic genetic screening techniques are becoming availablethat are not invasive, and this concerns many. The newer screening techniques candetect Down syndrome earlier in the first trimester, and potentially may encouragewomen to abort the fetus if they learn that it has Down syndrome. The makers of these new screening devices have things to say on the topic of genetic screening. One company says that their genetic screening device allowsone to ‘eliminate unresolved results’. Another company says their screeningmethod allows for better preparation for potential 'problems' with their infants.Problems? I’d choose a different word.