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Sri Lanka - Sexual Violence Against Tamils in the Highly Militarised North and the East

Sri Lanka - Sexual Violence Against Tamils in the Highly Militarised North and the East

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Published by Puni Selva
Sri Lanka, Sexual violence, Tamils, Militarised North/East
Sri Lanka, Sexual violence, Tamils, Militarised North/East

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Published by: Puni Selva on Mar 14, 2013
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Sri Lanka: Sexual violence against Tamils in the highly militarised North and the EastA. Violence''We'll teach you a lesson'' - Sexual Violence against Tamils by Sri LankanSecurityForces, Human Rights Watch, 26 Feb 2013,http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/srilanka0213webwcover_0.pdf Wikileaks: SriLankaleaks: forced prostitution and child sex trafficking: US embassycables: Sri Lankan government accused of complicity in human rights abuses,http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/us-embassy-cables-documents/108763
Sri Lanka: Women’s Insecurity in the North and East, International Crisis Group, 20
Dec 2011:http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/sri-lanka/217-sri-lanka-womens-insecurity-in-the-north-and-east.aspxMichelle Obama Asked to Help Tamil Women in Northeastern Sri Lanka, 30 December2012,http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/12/prweb10279848.htmTamil Women Coerced Into Joining The Military
A Statement Of Concern By WAN), 8December 2012, ://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/tamil-women-coerced-into- joining-the-military-a-statement-of-concern-by-wan/
SLA conscripted Tamil females admitted at Ki’linochchi hospital in mentally affected
state, 12 December 2012.http://www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=13&artid=35844Female Jaffna University student strangled to death, as TID summons three more, 14December 2012,http://www.jdslanka.org/index.php/2012-01-30-09-30-42/politics-a-current-affairs/239-female-jaffna-university-student-strangled-to-death-as-tid-summons-three-moreWhich way forward in post-conflict Sri Lanka? Lessons from the so-
called ‘powerless’ 
women of the North, 3 November 2012,http://groundviews.org/2012/11/03/which-way-forward-in-post-conflict-sri-lanka-lessons-from-the-so-called-powerless-women-of-the-north/As a result of tight government restrictions on humanitarian organisations in theirconducting assessments, there is no available data on the needs and gaps in servicesfor the most vulnerable individuals, including people with disabilities, women heads of household, older people, children and those suffering psychological trauma or distress(IDMC interview, October 2012) - Sri Lanka: A hidden displacement crisis, InternalDisplacement Monitoring Centre, 31 October 2012,http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Full%20Report_1116.pdf 
Frustrated army harassing Tamil school girls in Pudukudiyiruppu! 24 August 2012,http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2012/08/frustrated-army-harassing-tamil-school.html''Many war widows still do not get any compensation announced by the government'',War widows 'forced into prostitution', 18 March 2012,http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/news/story/2012/03/120318_women_war.shtml
''This has recommendations to the international community: ‘’Highlight consistently in
lic and private communications the issues that affect all of Sri Lanka’s ethnic
communities, including growing authoritarianism, militarisation, weak rule of law,impunity, corruption and repression of dissent, as well as gender-based violence andeconomic
inequities for women’’ 
Sri Lanka: Women’s Insecurity in the North and East,
20 December 2011, http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/sri-lanka/217-sri-lanka-womens-insecurity-in-the-north-and-east.aspx1,637 rape cases reported in 2011: Police, 29 December 2011,http://www.srilankabrief.org/2011/12/1637-rape-cases-reported-in-2011-police.html
 “Grease Devils: The Violence against women has seen a drastic rise in the North and
the East, 23 August 2011,http://www.srilankabrief.org/2011/08/grease-devils-violence-against-women.htmlTwo Years On: No War but No Peace for Women still facing the Consequences of theWar, COALITION OF MUSLIMS AND TAMILS FOR PEACE AND COEXISTENCE (CMTPC),16 July 2011, http://kafila.org/2011/07/16/two-years-on-no-war-but-no-peace-for-women-still-facing-the-consequences-of-the-war-cmtpc/
 ‘’The sexual violence of the Sri Lankan military against Tamil women is not onlytolerated but also encouraged by Sinhalese Political leadership’’ 
- State TerrorisnAgainst Tamil Women,http://www.lankanewspapers.com/news/2009/3/41098_space.htmlB. Sexual and other physical violence against Tamils can be fully understood in thebackground of:a. Militarisation of the North and the East:
 ‘’Military density in the North of Sri La
nka in ''peace time'' is much higher than the
peak conflict time in Iraq, Northern Ireland, Kashmir or French occupation of Algeria’’ 
-Notes on the Military Presence in Sri Lanka's Northern Province, Economic and PoliticalWeekly, Vol XLVII No 28, 14 July 2012,http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/2012_47/28/Notes_on_the_Military_Presence_in_Sri_Lankas_Northern_Province.pdf  ''In this respect, Sri Lanka has dwarfed the military-ruled Pakistan .... In terms of military expenditure as percentage of GDP also, Sri Lanka spent the most. According tothe SFG, Sri Lanka's defence expenditure is also higher than other comparable conflict-ridden countries such as Colombia, Myanmar, Sierra Leone, Sudan, the Philippines andUganda'' - Lanka Most Militarized in South Asia: Study, 21 September 2006,http://www.strategicforesight.com/sfgnews_186.htm 
Militarising education:''4,000 school principals have been ordered to undergo 45 days of military training andreceive military titles'' 28 February 2013,://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-hermitic-crisis/Headteachers trained by National Cadets and made berevet colonels - 27 October2012, http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2012/10/27/why/c. resulting political and socio-economic oppression:''But that truth cannot excuse human rights violations that currently afflict the nationas a whole; or for that matter obscure the looming threat of the cultural and politicalcolonisation of the north by the Sinhala Buddhist majority'' - Biased and PrejudicedCollection on Sri Lanka, *Gananath Obeyesekere, Economic & Political Weekly, VOL 47No. 04, 28 January-03 February 2012 (*a Sinhalese Buddhist and Emeritus Professorof Anthropology, Princeton University), http://www.scribd.com/doc/82525102/Biased-and-Prejudiced-Collection-on-Sri-Lanka''Conflict-affected areas remain highly militarised, which has made progress towardsachieving durable solutions more difficult. The military has become an importanteconomic player and a key competitor of local people including returnees in the areasof agriculture, fishing, trade, and tourism. It has also been involved in areas that wouldnormally come under civilian administration. It continues to occupy private land,
thereby impeding IDPs’ return. The government has failed to make durable solutions a
priority, and humanitarian organisations have faced funding shortages and restrictionson programming and access''
Sri Lanka: A hidden displacement crisis, *InternalDisplacement Monitoring Centre, 31 October 2012,http://www.internal-displacement.org/8025708F004BE3B1/(httpInfoFiles)/0F7746546306FCB3C1257AA8005845A6/$file/srilanka-overview-oct2012.pdf  d. growing violence against MuslimsBodu Bala Sena, an extreme Sinhala Buddhist group has been holding aggressiverallies in the last several months , attacking Muslims:
 ‘’In the Temple Trees they have an extremely receptive ear. A key BBS demand is an
end to birth control among Sinhalese. (Opposing birth-control is a stance common tofanatics of all religions, especially those with secular ambitions and need the numbersvoters or foot-soldiers.) After his February powwow with the BBS, the Presidentordered an immediate stop to birth-control operations in government hospitals. BudgetProposals for 2011 included the payment of Rs.100,000/- to military families on thebirth of a third child. In the 2012 budget, this allowance was extended to the police.Since the military, and to a slightly lesser extent the police, is predominantly Sinhala-Buddhist, this policy measure is obviously aimed at increasing Sinhala/Buddhist birthrate, a common desideratum of the Rajapaksas and the BBS. The time when the
government euthanizes Sri Lanka’s ex
tremely commendable birth-control programme
may not be far away’’ 
- The Sinkhole That Is Rajapaksa Rule, Tisaranee Gunasekara, 3March 2013, http://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-sinkhole-that-is-rajapaksa-rule/ 

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