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P2 Week 10 - Diffraction & Spectra

# P2 Week 10 - Diffraction & Spectra

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07/10/2013

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Singleslitdiffraction

Youcans)llgetfringesevenifyouuseasingleslit

Thewavefrontsfromthediﬀerentendsoftheslitwillbearrivingatdiﬀerentpointsontheendscreenatdiﬀerent)mes

Yous)llgetconstruc)veanddestruc)veinterference

Thenarrowertheslit,thegreaterthediﬀrac)on

Thelongerthewavelength,thegreaterthediﬀrac)on
1

Singleslitdiffraction

AssumewehaveadarkfringeatP

Pathdiﬀerencecorrespondingto
darkfringes
is(m+1/2λ

MCQandMOParesimilartrianglesso:

OP/MP=MQ/MC=sin(θ

MC=d/2(halftheslitwidth

sin(θ=(λ/2/(d/2
à
dsin(θ=λ[forﬁrstdarkfringe]
2BCdDOPθMQ

Singleslitdiffraction

Darkfringesoccuratdsin(θ=mλ(wherem=±1,±2,±3…

Sameequa0onasfordoubleslitsbuthereitcorrespondstotheposi0onsofdarkfringes!

mherecannottakethevalueof0
3BCdDOPθMQ

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