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Table Of Contents

Preface
Editor
Contributors
1.1 Background... 1-1
1.5 Traditional and Innovative Substation Design [1]
1.6 Site Selection and Acquisition
1.7.2 Station Construction
2.1SulfurHexafluoride... 2-1
2.2.2 Current Transformers
2.2.6 Interconnecting Bus
2.2.8 Power Cable Connections
2.2.13 Gas Compartments and Zones
3.1 Introduction... 3-1
3.2 Single Bus Arrangement ... 3-1
3.3 Double Bus–Double Breaker Arrangement
3.4 Main and Transfer Bus Arrangement
3.5 Double Bus–Single Breaker Arrangement
3.7 Breaker-and-a-Half Arrangement
3.8 Comparison of Configurations
4.1Introduction... 4-1
4.2AmbientConditions... 4-1
6.1 Physical Challenges... 6-1
Components of a Substation Automation System
6.1.1 Components of a Substation Automation System
6.1.2 Locating Interfaces
6.1.4 Electrical Environment
6.2.1 What Measurements Are Needed
6.2.4 Instrument Transformers
6.2.6 Substation Wiring Practices
6.2.8 Scaling Measured Values
6.3.1 Contact Performance
6.3.3 Wetting Sources
6.4.2 Control Circuit Designs
6.4.4 Intelligent Electronic Devices for Control
6.5 Communications Networks Inside the Substation
6.5.1 Point to Point Networks
6.5.2 Point to Multipoint Networks
6.5.3 Peer to Peer Networks
6.5.4 Optical Fiber Systems
6.5.5 Communications between Facilities
6.6 Testing Automation Systems
6.6.1 Test Facilities
6.6.2 Commissioning Test Plan
7.1 Introduction ... 7-1
7.2 Definitions and Terminology
7.4 Architecture Functional Data Paths
7.6 New vs. Existing Substations
7.7 Equipment Condition Monitoring
7.8 Substation Integration and Automation Technical Issues
7.8.1 System Responsibilities
7.8.2 System Architecture
7.8.4 Substation Local Area Network (LAN)
7.8.6 Communication Interfaces
7.10.1 Utility Communications Architecture (UCA)
7.11 Choosing the Right Protocol
7.12 Communication Protocol Application Areas
7.12.2 Substation-to-Utility Enterprise
8.1.1 Large Oil-Filled Equipment
8.1.4 Oil-Handling Equipment
8.1.7 Spill Risk Assessment
8.3.1 Containment Systems
9.1 Community Acceptance... 9-1
9.2 Planning Strategies and Design
9.2.1 Site Location and Selection, and Preparation
9.3.5 Hazardous Material
9.4.2 Fire Protection
9.4.3 Hazardous Material
10.1.1 Clearance Requirements
11.1ReasonsforSubstationGroundingSystem... 11-1
11.2.2 Permissible Body Current Limits
11.2.3 Importance of High-Speed Fault Clearing
11.3.1 Actual Touch and Step Voltages
11.3.6 Selection of Conductors
11.3.8 Grounding of Substation Fence
12.1 Lightning Stroke Protection ... 12-1
12.1 Lightning Stroke Protection
12.2.5 Lightning Detection Networks
1. Fixed angles
2. Empirical curves
12.4 The Electrogeometric Model (EGM)
12.4.7 Changes in Voltage Level
12.5 Calculation of Failure Probability
13.1 HistoricalPerspective... 13-1
13.6.3 Performance Level and Projected Performance Level
14.4 Economic Risk Analysis Example
16.1 Introduction...16-1
definitions:
16.3.1 Presence, Capability, and Intent
16.4.1 Criticality Assessment
16.4.2 Vulnerability Assessment
16.6 Responsibility for Security
16.6.2 Federal Government
16.7 Implementation (Methods)
16.7.4 Management=Organizational Methods
17.1Introduction...17-1
17.5.1 Protecting Substation Systems against Cyber Intrusion
17.5.2 Detecting Cyber Intrusion
17.5.3 Responding to Cyber Intrusion
17.7.5 Intrusion Detection and Firewalls
17.7.7 Developing and Emerging Standards
18.1Introduction... 18-1
18.8.1 Passive Corrosion Protection
18.9VoltageStressComingfromtheElectricPowerNet
18.9.5 Results of Calculations
18.11.4 Cost of Transmission Losses
19.1.1 Asset Management Framework
19.2.1 Portfolio Management of Projects and Resources
19.2.2 Evaluation of Projects Based on Multi-KPI Contributions
19.2.3 Prioritization Based on Total KPI Contribution
19.3.3 Use of Risk-Based Asset Management Methods
19.4.4 Limiting ‘‘Must Do’’ Projects
19.5.1 Asset Management Does Not Lower Standards
19.6.1 Utilization and Life Cycle Management
19.6.3 ‘‘Big Bad Outages’’ and Setting Priorities for Substations
20.1 Commissioning... 20-1
20.2.1 Final Walk-through or Inspection
20.2.3 ‘‘As-Built’’ Information
20.2.7 Develop Unit Costs
20.2.9 Notify Stakeholders
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55874133 Substation Engineering Design

55874133 Substation Engineering Design

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Published by Syed Shehzad Ali
Substation Engineering Design
Substation Engineering Design

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Published by: Syed Shehzad Ali on Mar 14, 2013
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01/02/2014

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