William Greco2404 Greensward N.Warrington, Pa. 18976page 1 of 9W2gre@verizon.netDate: March 14, 2013
Motion In a Resisting MediumExecutive Summary
This essay producesa
to be used inequations to predict particle orobject motion in any medium without knowing mass, shape,size, inertia, smoothness of itssurface,density, and movement or pressure of the medium in which the object moves.
Calculation of object or particle motion in any medium such as water, air, chemical solutionsor vapors usually requires the coefficient of drag and medium density to beknown. Theequations in this essaydetermine distance travelled by empirically establishing velocity orcalculating velocity if distance travelledover timehasbeen experimentally determined.Resistance in a medium is a force. The resistance that an objectexperiences is determined by
mass,shape,size, inertia, smoothness of its surface, initial velocity, density, and movementor pressure of the medium in which the object moves.
All resistance factors can bemathematically combined into a proportionality constant.Any object or particle moving in aresisting medium will proportionally lose its velocity. At any instant with regard to time anobject will lose its velocity at a rate that is proportional to its velocity. The instantaneous loss of velocity(in differential dot notation)can be described as:
because this is proportional to velocity
dvv v kvdt
If velocity is positive then
, v is positive but decreasing hence dv/dt must be negative.
1.Straight Line Motion
The mass of the object must equal it’s force, hence;
dividing both sides by massand replacing k/m by k we obtain:
where:D = initial velocity,k = proportionality constantand t = timeand e = exponential function (also known as theEuler number 2.7182
If x = straight line motion of distance travelled in time t, then
Applying the inverse of the calculus chain rule and assigning
the equationcannow be written;
dx De k dt k