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Rapid 2D elasticity

Rapid 2D elasticity

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Published by SB
concepts of elasticity.
concepts of elasticity.

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Published by: SB on Mar 15, 2013
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08/08/2013

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Lecture 7
2-D formulation
Plane theory of elasticity
Print version Lecture on
Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity 
ofDr. D. Dinev, Department of Structural Mechanics, UACEG
7.1
Contents
7.2
1 Plane strain
Plane strain
Introduction
Because of the complexity of the field equations analytical closed-form solutions to full3-D problems are very difficult to accomplish
A lot of problems into the area of engineering can be approximated by 1-D or 2-D strainor stress state
rods, beams, columns, shafts etc.
Retaining walls, disks, plates, shells
7.3
Plane strain
1
 
Problem definition
Consider an infinitely long prismatic body
If the body forces and surface tractions have no components on
z
-direction the deformationfield can be reduced into
u
=
u
(
 x
,
 y
)
v
=
v
(
 x
,
 y
)
w
=
0
This deformation is called as a state of 
plane strain
in the
(
 x
,
 y
)
-plane
Thus all cross-sections will have same displacements
7.4
Plane strain
Field equations
The strain-displacement relations become
ε 
 xx
=
∂ 
u
∂ 
 x
,
ε 
 yy
=
∂ 
v
∂ 
 y
,
ε 
 xy
=
12
∂ 
u
∂ 
 y
+
∂ 
v
∂ 
 x
ε 
 zz
=
ε 
 xz
=
ε 
 yz
=
0
In matrix form
ε 
 xx
ε 
 yy
2
ε 
 xy
=
∂ ∂ 
 x
00
∂ ∂ 
 y
∂ ∂ 
 y
∂ ∂ 
 x
uv
The St.-Venant’s compatibility equation is
∂ 
2
ε 
 xx
∂ 
 y
2
+
∂ 
2
ε 
 yy
∂ 
 x
2
=
2
∂ 
2
ε 
 xy
∂ 
 x
∂ 
 y
7.5
Plane strain
Field equations
The stress-strain relations are
σ 
 xx
= (
λ 
+
2
µ 
)
ε 
 xx
+
λε 
 yy
σ 
 yy
=
λε 
 xx
+(
λ 
+
2
µ 
)
ε 
 yy
σ 
 zz
=
λε 
 xx
+
λε 
 yy
σ 
 xy
=
µ 
2
ε 
 xy
σ 
 xz
=
σ 
 yz
=
02
 
In matrix form
σ 
 xx
σ 
 yy
σ 
 zz
σ 
 xy
=
λ 
+
2
µ λ 
0
λ λ 
+
2
µ 
0
λ λ 
00 0 2
µ 
ε 
 xx
ε 
 yy
ε 
 xy
7.6
Plane strain
Field equations
The equilibrium equations are reduced to
σ 
 xx
∂ 
 x
+
σ 
 xy
∂ 
 y
+
 x
=
0
σ 
 xy
∂ 
 x
+
σ 
 yy
∂ 
 y
+
 y
=
0
In matrix form
σ 
 xx
σ 
 xy
σ 
 xy
σ 
 yy
∂ ∂ 
 x
∂ ∂ 
 y
+
 x
 f 
 y
=
00
7.7
Plane strain
Field equations
The Navier’s displacement equilibrium equations are
µ 
2
u
+(
λ 
+
µ 
)
∂ ∂ 
 x
∂ 
u
∂ 
 x
+
∂ 
v
∂ 
 y
+
 x
=
0
µ 
2
v
+(
λ 
+
µ 
)
∂ ∂ 
 y
∂ 
u
∂ 
 x
+
∂ 
v
∂ 
 y
+
 y
=
0where
2
=
∂ 
2
∂ 
 x
2
+
∂ 
2
∂ 
 y
2
- Laplacian operator
The Beltrami-Michell stress equation is
2
(
σ 
 xx
+
σ 
 yy
) =
11
ν 
∂ 
 x
∂ 
 x
+
∂ 
 y
∂ 
 y
The surface tractions (stress BCs)are
 x
 y
=
σ 
 xx
σ 
 xy
σ 
 xy
σ 
 yy
n
 x
n
 y
7.8
2 Plane stress
Plane stress
Problem definition
3

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