sense in which we often use the word, but in its mostgeneral sense, both good and bad.1. Egypt Avas to Abraham ù to the JcAvish peopleù to the whole course of the Old Testament, whatthe Avorld, Avith all its interests and pursuits and en- joyments, is to us. It Avas the parent of civilization,of art, of learning, of royal poAver, of vast armies.The very names AAdiich Ave still use for the paper onwhich Ave Avrite, for the sciences of INIedicine andCliemisti'y, are derived from the natural products andfrom the old religion of Egypt. We might think, per-haps, tliat the Bible Avould take no account of such acountry ù that it Avould have seemed too much belong-ing to this earth, and the things of this earth. Not so ;Serm. I.] ABRAHAM IN EGYPT. 23from first to last, this marvellous country, with all itsmanifold interests, is regarded as the home and therefuge of the chosen race. Hither came Abraham, asthe extremest goal of his long travels, from Chaldeasouthwards ; here Joseph ruled, as viceroy ; here Jacoband his descendants settled as in their second home,for several generations ; here Moses became " learnedin all the wisdom of the Egyptians." From the cus-toms and laws and arts of the Egyptians, many of the customs, laws, and arts of the Israelites were bor-rowed. Here, in the last days of the Bible history,the Holy Family found a refuge. On these scenes, fora moment, even though in unconscious infancy, aloneof any Gentile country, the eyes of our Redeemerrested. From the philosophy which floui'ished atAlexandria came the first philosophy of the ChristianChurch. This, then, is one main lesson which theBible teaches us by the stress laid on Egypt. It tellsus that we may lawfully use the world and its enjoy-ments, ù that the world is acknowledged by true re-ligion, as well as by our own natural instincts, to be abeautiflil, a glorious, and, in this respect, a good anduseful world. In it our lot is cast. What was per-mitted as an innocent refreshment to Abraham ; whatwas enjoined as a sacred duty on Moses and Apollos ;what was consecrated by the presence of Christ ourSaviour, we too may enjoy and admire and use.Power and learning and civihzation and art may allminister now, as they did then, to the advancement of the welfare of man and the glory of God.2. But, secondly, the meeting of Abraham andPharaoh, ù the contact of Egypt with the Bible, ùremuid us forcibly that there is something better and24 SERMONS IN EGYPT. [Serm. I.