Process Equipment Design: 3 CR
Codes such as: ASTM=American Society of Mechanical Engineers; API=AmericanPetroleum Institute
Brownell, L.E., and Young, E. H., 1959, “Process EquipmentDesign: Vessel Design”, Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi
Vessel/ShellFactors influencing the design of vesselsa.
Selection of the type of VesselType of vessel that is suited for particular serviceb.
The most common types of vessels based on their geometryare:i.
Flat bottomed, vertical cylinder tanksiii.
Vertical cylindrical and horizontal vessels with formedheadsiv.
Spherical or modified spherical vessels
Vessels in each these classifications are widely used asstorage vessels and as processing vessels for fluids
Primary factors that must be considered as followsi.
Function and location of vesselii.
The nature of the fluidiii.
Operating pressure and temperatureiv.
Volume of storage or capacity for processing
Coulson, J.M., and Richardson, J.F., 1983, Chemical EngineeringVolume 6 (SI Units) Design, Pergamon Press, Oxfordp. 622, Chapter 13; Mechanical Design of Process Equipment
The basic data needed by the specialist designer will be
Process materials and servicesc.
Operating and design temperature and pressured.
Materials of construction
Vessel dimensions and orientationf.
Type of vessel heads to be used
Openings and connections required