1. Without the aid of references, and given the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE", list in
writing the 12 principles of mountain safety, in accordance with the references.
planning and preparation constitute the keys to success. The following principles will help the leader conduct a safe and efficient operation in any type of mountainous environment. We find this principle in the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE". Remember the key: Think about what each letter means and apply this in any type of environment.
B - Be aware of the group's ability.
E - Evaluate terrain and weather constantly.
S - Stay as a group.
A - Appreciate time requirements.
R- Remember to keep calm and think.
I - Insist on emergency rations and kits.
N - Never forget accident procedures.
E - Energy is saved when warm and dry.
individual abilities of his men and uses this as the basis for his planning. In his evaluation, the leader must include the group's overall physical conditioning, and the consideration of change in climate and how long the unit has had to acclimatize.
information as possible on the surrounding terrain and key terrain features involved in your
area of operation. Considerations to any obstacles must be clearly planned for. Will you need
such things as fixed ropes, rope bridges, climbing gear, etc?
in the space of a few hours with the onset of violent storms, reduced visibility, and extreme
changes. In addition to obtaining current weather data, the leader must plan for the
unexpected "worst case". During an operation he must diagnose weather signs continually to
be able to foresee possible weather changes.
(a) Constantly evaluate the conditions. Under certain conditions it may be advisable to
reevaluate your capabilities. Pushing ahead with a closed mind could spell disaster for the
mission and the unit.
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