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marines cold weather medicine course

marines cold weather medicine course

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Published by: PlainNormalGuy2 on Mar 07, 2009
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02/01/2013

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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
Mountain Warfare Training Center
Bridgeport, California 93517-5001
COLD WEATHER MEDICINE COURSE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAP
TITLE
1
MOUNTAIN SAFETY (WINTER)
2
SURVIVAL KIT
3
COLD WEATHER CLOTHING
4
WINTER WARFIGHTING LOAD REQUIREMENTS
5
NOMENCLATURE AND CARE OF MILITARY SKI EQUIPMENT
6
MILITARY SNOWSHOE MOVEMENT
7
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
8
PATIENT ASSESSMENT
9
TRIAGE
10
TACTICAL COMBAT CASUALTY CARE
11
LAND NAVIGATION REVIEW
12
NUTRITION
13
HYPOTHERMIA
14
FREEZING / NEAR FREEZING TISSUE INJURIES
15
EXTREME COLD WEATHER TENT
16
PERSONAL / TEAM STOVES
17
TEN MAN ARCTIC TENT
18
BURN MANAGEMENT
19
MISCELLANEOUS COLD WEATHER MEDICAL PROBLEMS
20
CASEVACS AND CASEVAC REPORTING
21
HIGH ALTITUDE HEALTH PROBLEMS
22
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 1
23
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 2
24
AVALANCHE SEARCH ORGANIZATION
25
AVALANCHE TRANSCEIVERS
26
BIVOUAC ROUTINE
27
WILDERNESS ORTHOPEDIC TRAUMA
28
COLD WEATHER LEADERSHIP PROBLEMS
29
SUBMERSION INCIDENTS
30
REQUIREMENTS FOR SURVIVAL
31
SURVIVAL SIGNALING
32
SURVIVAL SNOW SHELTERS AND FIRES
33
SKIJORING
1
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
Mountain Warfare Training Center
Bridgeport, California 93517-5001
FMST.07.18
10/22/01
STUDENT HANDOUT
MOUNTAIN SAFETY (WINTER)
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE. Given a unit in a wilderness environment and
necessary equipment and supplies, apply the principles of mountain safety, to prevent death or
injury per the references. (FMST.07.18)
ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE.

1. Without the aid of references, and given the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE", list in
writing the 12 principles of mountain safety, in accordance with the references.
(FMST.07.18a)

OUTLINE.
1.PLANNING AND PREPARATION. (FMST.07.18a) As in any military operation,

planning and preparation constitute the keys to success. The following principles will help the leader conduct a safe and efficient operation in any type of mountainous environment. We find this principle in the acronym "BE SAFE MARINE". Remember the key: Think about what each letter means and apply this in any type of environment.

B - Be aware of the group's ability.
E - Evaluate terrain and weather constantly.
S - Stay as a group.
A - Appreciate time requirements.

F - Find shelter before storms if required.
E- Eat plenty and drink lots of liquids.
M- Maintain proper clothing and equipment.
A- Ask locals about conditions.

R- Remember to keep calm and think.
I - Insist on emergency rations and kits.
N - Never forget accident procedures.
E - Energy is saved when warm and dry.

a.BE AWARE OF THE GROUP'S ABILITY. It is essential that the leader evaluates the

individual abilities of his men and uses this as the basis for his planning. In his evaluation, the leader must include the group's overall physical conditioning, and the consideration of change in climate and how long the unit has had to acclimatize.

(1)Mental attitude of your group. Is morale high? How much tactical training has the group
had in a particular type of terrain?
(2)Technical aspect of your group. Have they been on skis, snowshoes, etc.?
(3)Individual skills. At this point, you must choose who is most proficient at the individual
skills that will be required for your mission, navigation techniques, security, call for fire,
rope installations, track plans, bivouac site selection, skijoring, etc.
b.EVALUATE TERRAIN AND WEATHER CONSTANTLY.
(1)Terrain. During the planning stages of your mission, the leader must absorb as much

information as possible on the surrounding terrain and key terrain features involved in your
area of operation. Considerations to any obstacles must be clearly planned for. Will you need
such things as fixed ropes, rope bridges, climbing gear, etc?

(a) Stress careful movement in particularly dangerous areas, such as loose rock and steep
terrain.
(b) Always know your position. Knowing where you are on your planned route is important.
(2)Weather. Mountain weather can be severe and variable. Drastic weather changes can occur

in the space of a few hours with the onset of violent storms, reduced visibility, and extreme
changes. In addition to obtaining current weather data, the leader must plan for the
unexpected "worst case". During an operation he must diagnose weather signs continually to
be able to foresee possible weather changes.

(a) Constantly evaluate the conditions. Under certain conditions it may be advisable to
reevaluate your capabilities. Pushing ahead with a closed mind could spell disaster for the
mission and the unit.

1-
2

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