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Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 2: BACKGROUND
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Shrinkage Mechanism
2.2.1 Theoretical
2.2.2 Emperical
2.3 Moisture Diffusion in Concrete
2.4 Influence of Concrete Composition on Shrinkage
2.4.1 Effect of Aggregate
2.4.2 Influence of Cement Type and Fineness
2.4.3 Influence of Cement and Water Content
2.4.4 Influence of Mineral Admixtures
2.4.4.1 Silica Fume
2.4.4.2 Fly Ash
2.4.5 Influence of Chemical Admixtures
2.4.6 Influence of Curing
2.4.7 Influence of Ambient Conditions
2.4.8 Influence of Specimen Size
2.5 Performance Specifications
2.6 Prediction Models
CHAPTER 3. PURPOSE AND SCOPE
CHAPTER 4. METHODS AND MATERIALS
4.1 Restrained Shrinkage Testing
Figure 4.2 Restrained Shrinkage Specimen Strain Gage Configuration
4.2 Unrestrained Shrinkage Testing
4.3 Compressive Strength Testing
4.4 Modulus of Elasticity Testing
4.5 Aggregate Properties
4.6 Cement Properties
4.7 Pozzolans
4.8 Mixture Test Series
Table 4.2: A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
4.9.2 Bazant B3 Model
4.9.4 Gardner/Lockman Model
4.9.5 Sakata Model
CHAPTER 5: RESULTS
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Compressive Strength
5.2.1 A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.1 Compressive Strengths for A3 Mixtures
5.2.2 A4 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
5.2.3 A5 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.3 Compressive Strengths for A5 Mixtures
5.2.4 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
Figure 5.4 Compressive Strengths for Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
5.3 Modulus of Elasticity
5.3.1 A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.5 Modulus of Elasticity for A3 Mixtures
5.3.2 A4 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.6 Modulus of Elasticity for A4 Mixtures
5.3.3 A5 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
5.3.4 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
5.4 Unrestrained Shrinkage
5.4.1 A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.10 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A3 Gravel Mixtures
Figure 5.11 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A3 Diabase Mixtures
5.4.2 A4 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.13 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A4 Limestone Mixtures
Figure 5.15 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A4 Diabase Mixtures
Figure 5.16 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A4 Mixtures
5.4.3 A5 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.17 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A5 Limestone Mixtures
Figure 5.19 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A5 Diabase Mixtures
Figure 5.20 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A5 Mixtures
5.4.4 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
Figure 5.21 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A4-Diabase/Fly Ash Mixtures
Figure 5.23 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A4-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
Figure 5.24 Unrestrained Shrinkage for A5-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
5.5 Restrained Shrinkage
5.5.1 A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.26 Restrained Shrinkage for A3 Limestone Mixture
Figure 5.28 Restrained Shrinkage for A3 Diabase Mixture
Figure 5.29 Restrained Shrinkage for A3 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
5.5.2 A4 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.30 Restrained Shrinkage for A4 Limestone Mixture
Figure 5.31 Restrained Shrinkage for A4 Gravel Mixture
Figure 5.33 Restrained Shrinkage for A4 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
5.5.3 A5 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.35 Restrained Shrinkage for A5 Gravel Mixture
Figure 5.36 Restrained Shrinkage for A5 Diabase Mixture
5.5.4 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
Figure 5.38 Restrained Shrinkage for A4-Diabase/Fly Ash Mixtures
Figure 5.40 Restrained Shrinkage for A4-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
Figure 5.41 Restrained Shrinkage for A5-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
5.6.1 Introduction
5.6.2 Limestone Mixtures
Figure 5.43 ACI 209 Residuals for Limestone Mixtures
Figure 5.46 Gardner/Lockman Residuals for Limestone Mixtures
Figure 5.47 Sakata Residuals for Limestone Mixtures
5.6.3 Gravel Mixtures
Figure 5.48 ACI 209 Residuals for Gravel Mixtures
Figure 5.50 CEB90 Residuals for Gravel Mixtures
5.6.4 Diabase Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
Figure 5.55 CEB90 Residuals for Diabase Mixtures
5.6.5 A4-Diabase/Fly Ash Mixtures
5.6.6 A4-Diabase/Microsilica Mixtures
5.6.7 A4-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
5.6.8 A5-Diabase/Slag Cement Mixtures
CHAPTER 6: DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Compressive Strength
6.3 Modulus of Elasticity
6.4 Unrestrained Shrinkage
6.5 Restrained Shrinkage
6.6 Relationship Between Percentage Length Change and Microstrain
6.7 Prediction Model Analysis
6.7.1 Error Percentage Analysis
6.7.1.1 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
6.7.1.2 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
6.7.2 Chi Squared Test Statistic Analysis
6.7.2.1 Portland Cement Concrete Mixtures
6.7.2.2 Supplemental Cementitious Material Mixtures
6.7.3 Summary of Error Percentage and Chi Squared Test Statistic Analysis
Table 6.8 Summary of Error Percentage and Chi Squared Test Statistic Analysis
6.8 Prediction Model Sensitivity Analysis
6.8.1 Bazant B3 Model Sensitivity Analysis
6.8.2 CEB90 Model Sensitivity Analysis
6.8.3 Gardner/Lockman Model Sensitivity Analysis
6.8.4 Summary of Prediction Model Sensitivity Analysis
CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSIONS
CHAPTER 8: RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX A
Material Properties and Batch Quantities
Error Percentage Analysis
APPENDIX C
Unrestrained Shrinkage Mixture Data and Graphs
APPENDIX D
Restrained Shrinkage Mixture Data and Graphs
APPENDIX E
Analysis of Variance
APPENDIX F
Compressive Strength and Modulus of Elasticity
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Mok Are m Dissertation

Mok Are m Dissertation

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Published by: Ajay Simha on Mar 16, 2013
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