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Critique of Gandhi’s & marx's views on civilization

Critique of Gandhi’s & marx's views on civilization

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Published by Veerender Kumar
Critique of Gandhi's & Marx's views on civilization
Critique of Gandhi's & Marx's views on civilization

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Published by: Veerender Kumar on Mar 16, 2013
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05/14/2014

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Critique of Gandhi’s & Marx’s
views on Civilization in India’s
present & future
VeerenderKumar
 
Dharma
Individuals are independent & unique
Individuals have their own discovery of Ideas
Individuals should strive to integrate withCosmic Ecosystem
Hence ideas
can’t be copied or imposed
Hence multiple ideas can peacefully co-exist
Hence humans are integral part of nature
Yogic theory of Civilization
Gandhi derived his ideas of civilization
Society must have:
Dharma as a major component
Co-existence with nature
Swaraj
Monotheism
Ideas are universal
Entire humanity has a single pathway, destiny
Nature has no or negligible role
Asia & Africa are “
uncivilized” 
, Europe is theultimate achievement of human civilization; so
they must be “
colonized 
” & “
civilized 
Linear theory of Civilization
Marx derived his ideas of civilization
Historical materialism
Primary importance to material needs
Societies evolve through different means &relationships of production
 –
nomadic, ,feudal, capitalist
Introduction: O
rigin of Gandhi & Marx’s view on Civilization
 
Gandhi
Individuals are independent and should followtheir own conscience; Similarly Nations shouldalso develop their own pathsIndia must develop its own knowledge systems,production systems, governance structure,healthcare, education etc.
Marx
Individuals are not significant, all of themfollow the same path; Similarly Nations alsofollow the same linear path of developmentIndia will have & must have to follow theEuropean footsteps as any other nation
as it isthe only path
India under
Swaraj 
must have its own existenceIndia will copy-paste European knowledgesystems, production systems, governancestructures, education, healthcare etc.
Whom do we follow? Gandhi or Marx
Applying Gandhian& Marxian Theories of Civilization on India

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